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Salvia

Common Name(s):

Phonetic Spelling
SAL-vee-uh
Description

Salvia is a genus in the Lamiaceae (mint) family and is found all over the world.  There are many species and cultivars and lots of variation but it is easy to tell it is in the mint family because of the square stems. The name Salvia is derived from the Latin term "salvo" which means "I save" in reference to the plant's medicinal properties.

Most members of this genus are small upright shrubs reaching 1-3 feet tall tall and wide.  There is great variation in the leaf shape and texture but they typically have opposite, decussate leaves. 

The flowers provide excellent late season color.

Insect, Diseases, and Other Plant Problems:  Whitefly, aphids, mealy bug, and spider mites are insect problems.  Rust, powdery mildew, stem rot, and fungal leaf spot are disease problems.

VIDEO Created by Elisabeth Meyer for "Annuals, Perennials, Vines, and Groundcovers" a plant identification course offered in partnership with Longwood Gardens. 

Profile Video:
See this plant in the following landscapes:
Pollinator Garden- Partial Shade Juniper Level Botanic Gardens: Parking Lot Berms Juniper Level Botanic Gardens: Souto Sun Garden
Cultivars / Varieties:
'Amistad', ‘Indigo Spires’, ‘Limelight’, Midnight Model, Saliva lyrata, Salvia argentea, Salvia azurea, Salvia coccinea, Salvia elegans, Salvia farinacea, Salvia greggii, Salvia guaranitica, Salvia leucantha, Salvia microphylla, Salvia nemorosa, Salvia officinalis, Salvia rosmarinus, Salvia sagittata, Salvia sclarea, Salvia splendens, Salvia uliginosa, Salvia 'Wendy's Wish', Salvia x digenea, Salvia x sylvestris, Salvia yangii
Tags:
#easy to grow#low maintenance#apvg#apvg-a#buncombe sun and shade
 
Cultivars / Varieties:
'Amistad', ‘Indigo Spires’, ‘Limelight’, Midnight Model, Saliva lyrata, Salvia argentea, Salvia azurea, Salvia coccinea, Salvia elegans, Salvia farinacea, Salvia greggii, Salvia guaranitica, Salvia leucantha, Salvia microphylla, Salvia nemorosa, Salvia officinalis, Salvia rosmarinus, Salvia sagittata, Salvia sclarea, Salvia splendens, Salvia uliginosa, Salvia 'Wendy's Wish', Salvia x digenea, Salvia x sylvestris, Salvia yangii
Tags:
#easy to grow#low maintenance#apvg#apvg-a#buncombe sun and shade
  • Attributes:
    Genus:
    Salvia
    Family:
    Lamiaceae
    Life Cycle:
    Annual
    Perennial
    Recommended Propagation Strategy:
    Division
    Seed
    Stem Cutting
    Country Or Region Of Origin:
    Worldwide
    Wildlife Value:
    Attracts butterflies and hummingbirds and is seldom damaged by deer.
    Edibility:
    Leaves can be used fresh or dried for seasonings and teas, and the flowers are edible.
    Dimensions:
    Height: 1 ft. 0 in. - 3 ft. 0 in.
    Width: 1 ft. 0 in. - 3 ft. 0 in.
  • Whole Plant Traits:
    Maintenance:
    Low
    Texture:
    Medium
  • Cultural Conditions:
    Light:
    Full sun (6 or more hours of direct sunlight a day)
    Partial Shade (Direct sunlight only part of the day, 2-6 hours)
    Soil Texture:
    High Organic Matter
    Soil Drainage:
    Good Drainage
    Available Space To Plant:
    12 inches-3 feet
    NC Region:
    Coastal
    Mountains
    Piedmont
    USDA Plant Hardiness Zone:
    5a, 5b, 6b, 6a, 7b, 7a, 8b, 8a, 9a, 9b, 10b, 10a
  • Flowers:
    Flower Color:
    Pink
    Purple/Lavender
    Red/Burgundy
    White
    Flower Inflorescence:
    Raceme
    Flower Value To Gardener:
    Edible
    Fragrant
    Long Bloom Season
    Showy
    Flower Bloom Time:
    Fall
    Spring
    Summer
    Flower Shape:
    Lipped
    Tubular
    Flower Size:
    < 1 inch
    Flower Description:
    Flowers are tube-shaped and two-lipped (smaller upper and larger lower lip) and about one inch long, appearing in terminal spikes. Terminal inflorescence with tulipped calix and corolla with zygomorphic symmetry, bilabiate.
  • Leaves:
    Leaf Color:
    Green
    Leaf Value To Gardener:
    Edible
    Fragrant
    Leaf Arrangement:
    Opposite
    Leaf Margin:
    Serrate
    Hairs Present:
    Yes
    Leaf Description:
    Some leaves are hairless and scaborus, others are pubescent and soft.  Typically leaves have a toothed margin and are reticulate (easy to see the veins on the underside of the leaf).
  • Stem:
    Stem Is Aromatic:
    No
    Stem Cross Section:
    Square
    Stem Description:
    Square erect stems
  • Landscape:
    Landscape Theme:
    Butterfly Garden
    Drought Tolerant Garden
    Edible Garden
    Native Garden
    Pollinator Garden
    Attracts:
    Butterflies
    Hummingbirds
    Pollinators
    Resistance To Challenges:
    Deer
    Drought
    Salt