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Salvia

Common Name(s):

Phonetic Spelling
SAL-vee-uh
Description

Salvia is in the mint family.  There are many species and cultivars and lots of variation.

Typically a small upright bush 1-3 feet tall.

Leaves:  There is lots of variation in in the leaves.  Typically has opposite, decussate leaves.  Some leaves are hairless and scaborus, others are pubescent and soft.  Typically leaves have a toothed margin and are reticulate (easy to see the veins on the underside of the leaf).  Leaf shape and texture varies.

Flowers: Provide excellent late season color. Terminal inflorescence with tulipped calix and corolla with zygomorphic symmetry, bilabiate

Stems:  Square stems

Insect Problems:  Whitefly, aphids, mealy bug and spider mites.

Disease Problems:  Rust, powdery mildew, stem rot and fungal leaf spot.

The name Salvia is derived from the Latin term "salvo" which means "I save" in reference to the plant's medicinal properties.

 

VIDEO Created by Elisabeth Meyer for "Annuals, Perennials, Vines, and Groundcovers" a plant identification course offered in partnership with Longwood Gardens. 

Profile Video:
See this plant in the following landscape:
Cultivars / Varieties:
'Amistad', Saliva lyrata, Salvia argentea, Salvia azurea, Salvia coccinea, Salvia elegans, Salvia farinacea, Salvia greggii, Salvia guaranitica, Salvia leucantha, Salvia microphylla, Salvia nemorosa, Salvia officinalis, Salvia rosmarinus, Salvia sagittata, Salvia sclarea, Salvia splendens, Salvia uliginosa, Salvia 'Wendy's Wish', Salvia x digenea, Salvia x sylvestris, Salvia yangii
Tags:
#apvg#apvg-a
 
Cultivars / Varieties:
'Amistad', Saliva lyrata, Salvia argentea, Salvia azurea, Salvia coccinea, Salvia elegans, Salvia farinacea, Salvia greggii, Salvia guaranitica, Salvia leucantha, Salvia microphylla, Salvia nemorosa, Salvia officinalis, Salvia rosmarinus, Salvia sagittata, Salvia sclarea, Salvia splendens, Salvia uliginosa, Salvia 'Wendy's Wish', Salvia x digenea, Salvia x sylvestris, Salvia yangii
Tags:
#apvg#apvg-a
  • Attributes:
    Genus:
    Salvia
    Family:
    Lamiaceae
    Life Cycle:
    Annual
    Perennial
    Recommended Propagation Strategy:
    Division
    Seed
    Stem Cutting
    Wildlife Value:
    Attracts butterflies and hummingbirds and is seldom damaged by deer.
    Edibility:
    Leaves can be used fresh or dried for seasonings and teas, and the flowers are edible.
  • Whole Plant Traits:
    Texture:
    Medium
  • Cultural Conditions:
    Light:
    Full sun (6 or more hours of direct sunlight a day)
    Partial Shade (Direct sunlight only part of the day, 2-6 hours)
    Soil Texture:
    High Organic Matter
    Soil Drainage:
    Good Drainage
    Available Space To Plant:
    12 inches-3 feet
    NC Region:
    Coastal
    Mountains
    Piedmont
    USDA Plant Hardiness Zone:
    5a, 5b, 6b, 6a, 7b, 7a, 8b, 8a, 9a, 9b, 10b, 10a
  • Flowers:
    Flower Color:
    Pink
    Purple/Lavender
    Red/Burgundy
    White
    Flower Inflorescence:
    Raceme
    Flower Value To Gardener:
    Edible
    Fragrant
    Long Bloom Season
    Showy
    Flower Bloom Time:
    Fall
    Spring
    Summer
    Flower Shape:
    Lipped
    Tubular
    Flower Size:
    < 1 inch
    Flower Description:
    Flowers are tube-shaped and two-lipped (smaller upper and larger lower lip) and about one inch long, appearing in terminal spikes.
  • Leaves:
    Leaf Value To Gardener:
    Edible
    Fragrant
    Leaf Arrangement:
    Opposite
    Hairs Present:
    No
  • Stem:
    Stem Is Aromatic:
    No
    Stem Cross Section:
    Square
  • Landscape:
    Landscape Theme:
    Butterfly Garden
    Drought Tolerant Garden
    Edible Garden
    Native Garden
    Pollinator Garden
    Attracts:
    Butterflies
    Hummingbirds
    Pollinators
    Resistance To Challenges:
    Deer
    Drought
    Salt