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Verbena canadensis

Phonetic Spelling
ver-BEE-nah ka-nah-DEN-sis
Description

Some cultivars flower spring to frost; good drought tolerance once established; a spreading plant, Clump verbena is native from Virginia to Florida where it spreads in sunny, well-drained areas. The cultivar 'Homestead Purple' is enjoying tremendous popularity because of its glowing purple flowers that bloom from late spring until cold fall weather. It makes a great ground cover This plant is occasionally damaged by deer and is slightly salt tolerant. Blooms summer through autumn; perennial plant in south, treated as an annual bedding plant up north; rapid growth invading adjacent groundcovers forming a clumping mound; utilized in a rock garden, planters, and perennial beds as plant in front.

Wildlife Value: Flowers are very attractive to butterflies. 

Quick ID

  • Decumbent herb with opposite, pinnately-lobed leaves
  • Inflorescence congested spike resembling an umbel
  • flowers salverform purplish
  • Calyx cylindrical with subulate lobes
Cultivars / Varieties:
  • 'Homestead Purple'
Tags:
#purple#red#butterflies#evergreen#pink#sun#deciduous#summer#drought tolerant#spring#perennial#wildlife plant#salt tolerant#fall interest#cpp#deer resistant#groundcover#pollinator plant#fantz
 
Cultivars / Varieties:
  • 'Homestead Purple'
Tags:
#purple#red#butterflies#evergreen#pink#sun#deciduous#summer#drought tolerant#spring#perennial#wildlife plant#salt tolerant#fall interest#cpp#deer resistant#groundcover#pollinator plant#fantz
  • Attributes:
    Genus:
    Verbena
    Species:
    canadensis
    Family:
    Verbenaceae
    Life Cycle:
    Perennial
    Country Or Region Of Origin:
    North America
    Dimensions:
    Height: 0 ft. 8 in. - 1 ft. 6 in.
    Width: 1 ft. 0 in. - 2 ft. 0 in.
  • Whole Plant Traits:
    Plant Type:
    Ground Cover
    Native Plant
    Perennial
    Leaf Characteristics:
    Deciduous
    Habit/Form:
    Spreading
  • Cultural Conditions:
    Light:
    Full sun (6 or more hours of direct sunlight a day)
    Partial Shade (Direct sunlight only part of the day, 2-6 hours)
    Soil Texture:
    Clay
    Loam (Silt)
    Sand
    Shallow Rocky
    Soil Drainage:
    Good Drainage
    Available Space To Plant:
    12 inches-3 feet
    NC Region:
    Coastal
    Mountains
    Piedmont
    Usda Plant Hardiness Zone:
    6a, 6b, 7a, 7b, 8a, 8b, 9a, 9b, 10a, 10b
  • Fruit:
    Fruit Description:
    4 nutlets per flower appear after bloom time.
  • Flowers:
    Flower Color:
    Pink
    Purple/Lavender
    Red/Burgundy
    Flower Value To Gardener:
    Showy
    Flower Bloom Time:
    Summer
    Flower Shape:
    Star
    Flower Petals:
    4-5 petals/rays
    Flower Size:
    < 1 inch
    Flower Description:
    A dome-shaped cluster of 10-25 flowers up to 2½" across is produced at the apex of each spike. Each flower is about ¾" long and ½" across.
  • Leaves:
    Leaf Characteristics:
    Deciduous
    Leaf Color:
    Green
    Leaf Type:
    Simple
    Leaf Arrangement:
    Opposite
    Leaf Shape:
    Lanceolate
    Obovate
    Leaf Margin:
    Dentate
    Hairs Present:
    Yes
    Leaf Length:
    3-6 inches
    Leaf Width:
    1-3 inches
    Leaf Description:
    The leaves are 2–4" long and ¾–3" across, becoming more narrow and slightly shorter as they ascend the stems. The leaves are often deeply to moderately divided into 3 primary lobes which are then divided into smaller secondary lobes with coarse teeth.
  • Stem:
    Stem Color:
    Green
    Purple/Lavender
    Stem Is Aromatic:
    No
    Stem Surface:
    Hairy (pubescent)
    Stem Description:
    Stems creep along the surface, turned upward at ends; lateral branches ascending.
  • Landscape:
    Landscape Location:
    Container
    Naturalized Area
    Slope/Bank
    Landscape Theme:
    Cottage Garden
    Pollinator Garden
    Rock Garden
    Design Feature:
    Border
    Mass Planting
    Attracts:
    Butterflies
    Pollinators
    Resistance To Challenges:
    Deer
    Drought
    Salt