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Verbena canadensis

Previously known as:

  • Glandularia canadensis
Phonetic Spelling
ver-BEE-nah ka-nah-DEN-sis
Description

Verbena canadensis, or Rose Verbena, is a herbaceous perennial native to North Carolina. In nature, it can be found on roadsides, sandhills, or other dry, especially sandy soils. Some cultivars flower spring to frost; good drought tolerance once established; a spreading plant, Clump Verbena is native from Virginia to Florida where it spreads in sunny, well-drained areas. The cultivar 'Homestead Purple' is enjoying tremendous popularity because of its glowing purple flowers that bloom from late spring until cold fall weather. It makes a great ground cover This plant is occasionally damaged by deer and is slightly salt tolerant. Blooms summer through autumn; perennial plant in south, treated as an annual bedding plant up north; rapid growth invading adjacent groundcovers forming a clumping mound; utilized in a rock garden, planters, and perennial beds as plant in front.

Drought-tolerant. Cultivars and hybrids available; may be difficult to find the straight species in the trade. Short-lived perennial.

Wildlife Value: Flowers are very attractive to butterflies. 

Quick ID

  • Decumbent herb with opposite, pinnately-lobed leaves
  • Inflorescence congested spike resembling an umbel
  • flowers salverform purplish
  • Calyx cylindrical with subulate lobes
See this plant in the following landscapes:
Rock and Crevice Garden Mixed Perennial Border
Cultivars / Varieties:
  • 'Homestead Purple'
'Homestead Purple'
Tags:
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Cultivars / Varieties:
  • 'Homestead Purple'
'Homestead Purple'
Tags:
#purple#food source summer#herbaceous perennial#red#NC Native Pollinator Plant#food source nectar#sun#cpp#fruits early fall#sandhills#food source mid-summer#perennial#sunshine#wildflower garden#deciduous#dry soil#white#summer fruits#summer flowers#sandy soil#part sun#part shade#forb#food source#cottage garden#bird friendly#cottage#red flowers#full sun#food source hard-mast fruit#cutting garden#perennial flowers#full sun flowers#purple flowers#herbaceous#songbirds#pink flowers#dry soils tolerant#small groups#rock gardens#food source fall#fruit#well-drained soil#NC native#evergreen#fantz#hummingbirds#fruits#deer browsing plant#pollinator plant#native wildflower#native#food source hard mast fruit#blue flowers#small plant#native perennial#lavender#deer resistant#fall fruits#small group plantings#white flowers#semi-evergreen#lavender flowers#butterfly friendly#sandy soils tolerant#spring interest#native groundcover#blue#salt tolerant#partial sun#small group#heat tolerant#audubon#drought tolerant#short lifespan#native garden#partial shade#wildlife plant#showy flowers#moist soil#full sunlight#fall interest#summer interest#perennials#pink#groundcover#spring flowers
  • Attributes:
    Genus:
    Verbena
    Species:
    canadensis
    Family:
    Verbenaceae
    Life Cycle:
    Perennial
    Country Or Region Of Origin:
    North America
    Wildlife Value:
    Nectar from the flowers attracts butterflies, hummingbirds, and other pollinators. Birds enjoy the fruits as a food source.
    Play Value:
    Attractive Flowers
    Attracts Pollinators
    Colorful
    Wildlife Cover/Habitat
    Wildlife Food Source
    Dimensions:
    Height: 0 ft. 8 in. - 1 ft. 6 in.
    Width: 1 ft. 0 in. - 2 ft. 0 in.
  • Whole Plant Traits:
    Plant Type:
    Ground Cover
    Herbaceous Perennial
    Native Plant
    Perennial
    Wildflower
    Woody Plant Leaf Characteristics:
    Deciduous
    Semi-evergreen
    Habit/Form:
    Spreading
  • Cultural Conditions:
    Light:
    Deep shade (Less than 2 hours to no direct sunlight)
    Full sun (6 or more hours of direct sunlight a day)
    Partial Shade (Direct sunlight only part of the day, 2-6 hours)
    Soil Texture:
    Clay
    Loam (Silt)
    Sand
    Shallow Rocky
    Soil Drainage:
    Good Drainage
    Moist
    Occasionally Dry
    Available Space To Plant:
    12 inches-3 feet
    NC Region:
    Coastal
    Mountains
    Piedmont
    USDA Plant Hardiness Zone:
    6a, 6b, 7b, 7a, 8a, 8b, 9a, 9b, 10b, 10a
  • Fruit:
    Display/Harvest Time:
    Fall
    Summer
    Fruit Description:
    4 nutlets per flower appear after bloom time. In North Carolina, fruits are available from July to September.
  • Flowers:
    Flower Color:
    Blue
    Pink
    Purple/Lavender
    Red/Burgundy
    White
    Flower Value To Gardener:
    Showy
    Flower Bloom Time:
    Spring
    Summer
    Flower Shape:
    Star
    Flower Petals:
    4-5 petals/rays
    Flower Size:
    < 1 inch
    Flower Description:
    A dome-shaped cluster of 10-25 flowers up to 2½" across is produced at the apex of each spike. Each flower is about ¾" long and ½" across. Flower color may be rose, purple, blue, or white. In North Carolina, flowers are available from March to May.
  • Leaves:
    Woody Plant Leaf Characteristics:
    Deciduous
    Semi-evergreen
    Leaf Color:
    Green
    Leaf Type:
    Simple
    Leaf Arrangement:
    Opposite
    Leaf Shape:
    Lanceolate
    Obovate
    Leaf Margin:
    Dentate
    Hairs Present:
    Yes
    Leaf Length:
    3-6 inches
    Leaf Width:
    1-3 inches
    Leaf Description:
    The leaves are 2–4" long and ¾–3" across, becoming more narrow and slightly shorter as they ascend the stems. The leaves are often deeply to moderately divided into 3 primary lobes which are then divided into smaller secondary lobes with coarse teeth.
  • Stem:
    Stem Color:
    Green
    Purple/Lavender
    Stem Is Aromatic:
    No
    Stem Surface:
    Hairy (pubescent)
    Stem Description:
    Stems creep along the surface, turned upward at ends; lateral branches ascending.
  • Landscape:
    Landscape Location:
    Container
    Naturalized Area
    Slope/Bank
    Landscape Theme:
    Cottage Garden
    Native Garden
    Pollinator Garden
    Rock Garden
    Design Feature:
    Border
    Mass Planting
    Attracts:
    Butterflies
    Hummingbirds
    Pollinators
    Songbirds
    Resistance To Challenges:
    Deer
    Drought
    Heat
    Salt
    Problems:
    Short-lived