Plant DetailShow Menu

Verbena canadensis

Phonetic Spelling
ver-BEE-nah ka-nah-DEN-sis
Description

Some cultivars flower spring to frost; good drought tolerance once established; a spreading plant, Clump verbena is native from Virginia to Florida where it spreads in sunny, well drained areas. The cultivar 'Homestead Purple' is enjoying tremendous popularity because of its glowing purple flowers that bloom from late spring until cold fall weather. It makes a great ground cover This plant is occasionally damaged by deer and is slightly salt tolerant. Blooms summer through autumn; perennial plant in south, treated as an annual bedding plant up north; rapid growth invading adjacent groundcovers forming a clumping mound; utilized in rock garden, planters, perennial beds as plant in front.

Wildlife Value: Flowers are very attractive to butterflies. 

Quick ID

  • Decumbent herb with opposite, pinnately-lobed leaves
  • Inflorescence congested spike resembling an umbel
  • flowers salverform purplish
  • Calyx cylindrical with subulate lobes
Cultivars / Varieties:
  • 'Homestead Purple'
Tags:
#purple#red#fall#butterflies#evergreen#pink#sun#deciduous#summer#drought tolerant#spring#perennial#wildlife plant#salt tolerant#cpp#deer resistant#groundcover#pollinator plant#fantz
 
Cultivars / Varieties:
  • 'Homestead Purple'
Tags:
#purple#red#fall#butterflies#evergreen#pink#sun#deciduous#summer#drought tolerant#spring#perennial#wildlife plant#salt tolerant#cpp#deer resistant#groundcover#pollinator plant#fantz
  • Attributes:
    Genus:
    Verbena
    Species:
    canadensis
    Family:
    Verbenaceae
    Life Cycle:
    Perennial
    Country Or Region Of Origin:
    North America
    Dimensions:
    Height: 0 ft. 8 in. - 1 ft. 6 in.
    Width: 1 ft. 0 in. - 2 ft. 0 in.
  • Whole Plant Traits:
    Plant Type:
    Ground Cover
    Native Plant
    Perennial
    Leaf Characteristics:
    Deciduous
    Habit/Form:
    Spreading
  • Cultural Conditions:
    Light:
    Full sun (6 or more hours of direct sunlight a day)
    Partial Shade (Direct sunlight only part of the day, 2-6 hours)
    Soil Texture:
    Clay
    Loam (Silt)
    Sand
    Shallow Rocky
    Soil Drainage:
    Good Drainage
    Available Space To Plant:
    12 inches-3 feet
    NC Region:
    Coastal
    Mountains
    Piedmont
    Usda Plant Hardiness Zone:
    6a, 6b, 7a, 7b, 8a, 8b, 9a, 9b, 10a, 10b
  • Fruit:
    Fruit Description:
    4 nutlets per flower appear after bloom time.
  • Flowers:
    Flower Color:
    Pink
    Purple/Lavender
    Red/Burgundy
    Flower Value To Gardener:
    Showy
    Flower Bloom Time:
    Summer
    Flower Shape:
    Star
    Flower Petals:
    4-5 petals/rays
    Flower Size:
    < 1 inch
    Flower Description:
    A dome-shaped cluster of 10-25 flowers up to 2½" across is produced at the apex of each spike. Each flower is about ¾" long and ½" across.
  • Leaves:
    Leaf Characteristics:
    Deciduous
    Leaf Color:
    Green
    Leaf Type:
    Simple
    Leaf Arrangement:
    Opposite
    Leaf Shape:
    Lanceolate
    Obovate
    Leaf Margin:
    Dentate
    Hairs Present:
    Yes
    Leaf Length:
    3-6 inches
    Leaf Width:
    1-3 inches
    Leaf Description:
    The leaves are 2–4" long and ¾–3" across, becoming more narrow and slightly shorter as they ascend the stems. The leaves are often deeply to moderately divided into 3 primary lobes which are then divided into smaller secondary lobes with coarse teeth.
  • Stem:
    Stem Color:
    Green
    Purple/Lavender
    Stem Is Aromatic:
    No
    Stem Surface:
    Hairy (pubescent)
    Stem Description:
    Stems creep along the surface, turned upward at ends; lateral branches ascending.
  • Landscape:
    Landscape Location:
    Container
    Naturalized Area
    Slope/Bank
    Landscape Theme:
    Cottage Garden
    Pollinator Garden
    Rock Garden
    Design Feature:
    Border
    Mass Planting
    Attracts:
    Butterflies
    Pollinators
    Resistance To Challenges:
    Deer
    Drought
    Salt