Plant DetailShow Menu

Viola pubescens

Previously known as:

  • Viola pensylvanica
Description

Downy-Yellow Violet is a native wildflower that naturally grows in rich dry woods, meadows, low woods, sandy woodlands and woodlands. Preference is for part sun to part shade in loose soils with organic matter. This violet doesn't tolerate mowing. It tolerates acidic soils and self-seeds. Use as a groundcover and in naturalized areas. It is a great companion plant for Trillium spp.

 

Cultivars / Varieties:
Tags:
#bees#wildlife plant#partial sun#yellow flowers#nectar plant#low maintenance#specialized bees#cpp#summer flowers#deer resistant#part shade#groundcover#woodland#naturalizes#rock gardens#pollinator plant#native wildflower
 
Cultivars / Varieties:
Tags:
#bees#wildlife plant#partial sun#yellow flowers#nectar plant#low maintenance#specialized bees#cpp#summer flowers#deer resistant#part shade#groundcover#woodland#naturalizes#rock gardens#pollinator plant#native wildflower
  • Attributes:
    Genus:
    Viola
    Species:
    pubescens
    Family:
    Violaceae
    Life Cycle:
    Perennial
    Country Or Region Of Origin:
    North America
    Distribution:
    AL , AR , CT , DC , DE , GA , IA , IL , IN , KS , KY , LA , MA , MD , ME , MI , MN , MO , MS , NC , ND , NE , NH , NJ , NY , OH , OK , PA , RI , SC , SD , TN , TX , VA , VT , WI , WV , WY
    Wildlife Value:
    Nectar from the flowers attract butterflies and bees.  Members of the genus Viola support the following specialized bees: Andrena (Gonandrena) fragilis, Andrena (Gonandrena) integra, and Andrena (Gonandrena) platyparia. This plant is resistant to damage by deer.
    Play Value:
    Attracts Pollinators
    Edibility:
    Flowers are edible
  • Whole Plant Traits:
    Plant Type:
    Ground Cover
    Wildflower
    Leaf Characteristics:
    Deciduous
    Habit/Form:
    Erect
  • Cultural Conditions:
    Light:
    Partial Shade (Direct sunlight only part of the day, 2-6 hours)
    Soil Texture:
    High Organic Matter
    Loam (Silt)
    Sand
    Soil pH:
    Acid (<6.0)
    Neutral (6.0-8.0)
    Soil Drainage:
    Good Drainage
    Occasionally Dry
    NC Region:
    Mountains
    Piedmont
  • Fruit:
    Fruit Color:
    Brown/Copper
    Green
    Display/Harvest Time:
    Summer
    Fruit Type:
    Capsule
    Fruit Length:
    < 1 inch
    Fruit Width:
    < 1 inch
    Fruit Description:
    1/2 inch long oval seed capsules are light green and mature to brown. They split into 3 parts to eject their seeds.
  • Flowers:
    Flower Color:
    Gold/Yellow
    Flower Inflorescence:
    Head
    Flower Value To Gardener:
    Fragrant
    Flower Bloom Time:
    Summer
    Flower Shape:
    Cup
    Lipped
    Tubular
    Flower Petals:
    4-5 petals/rays
    Flower Size:
    < 1 inch
    Flower Description:
    Individual flowers are ¾" across with 5 yellow petals, and branched brownish-purple veins occurring along the lowest petal and sometimes on the 2 lateral petals. Small tufts of hair are at the base of the two lateral petals. The lowest petal has a short blunt nectar spur.
  • Leaves:
    Leaf Characteristics:
    Deciduous
    Leaf Color:
    Green
    Leaf Type:
    Simple
    Leaf Arrangement:
    Alternate
    Leaf Shape:
    Cordate
    Ovate
    Leaf Margin:
    Crenate
    Serrate
    Hairs Present:
    Yes
    Leaf Length:
    3-6 inches
    Leaf Width:
    1-3 inches
    Leaf Description:
    Heart-shaped basal leaves are formed in spring which are 1.5- 2 inches long and nearly as wide. 1-2 leafy, hairy stems form which are 4-10 inches tall with alternate leaves that have hairs on the undersides and are 2-4 inches long and 2-3.5 inches wide.
  • Stem:
    Stem Is Aromatic:
    No
  • Landscape:
    Landscape Location:
    Naturalized Area
    Woodland
    Landscape Theme:
    Rock Garden
    Attracts:
    Pollinators
    Specialized Bees
    Resistance To Challenges:
    Deer