Plant DetailShow Menu

Viola pubescens

Previously known as:

  • Viola pensylvanica
Phonetic Spelling
vy-OH-la pew-BES-senz
Description

Downy-Yellow Violet is a native wildflower that naturally grows in rich deciduous forests, dry woods, meadows, low woods, sandy woodlands, and other wooded areas. Preference is for part sun to part shade in loose soils with organic matter. This violet doesn't tolerate mowing. It tolerates acidic soils and self-seeds. Use as a groundcover and in naturalized areas. It is a great companion plant for Trillium spp.

 

See this plant in the following landscape:
Cultivars / Varieties:
Tags:
#dappled shade#food source summer#rich soil#NC Native Pollinator Plant#Piedmont Mountains FACU#cpp#full shade#food source mid-summer#dappled sunlight#perennial#wildflower garden#deciduous#dry soil#forests#seed#summer fruits#summer flowers#part sun#part shade#forb#shade garden#self-seeding#low maintenance#bird friendly#fragrant flowers#food source#food source hard-mast fruit#cutting garden#specialized bees#perennial flowers#shade tolerant#moth larvae#Coastal FACU#fragrant#food source spring#yellow flowers#dry soils tolerant#spring fruits#bees#rock gardens#fruit#well-drained soil#NC native#shade#fruits#pollinator plant#woodland#food source herbage#native wildflower#native#food source hard mast fruit#mammals#small plant#native perennial#nectar plant#seeds#butterfly larvae#deer resistant#food source root#small mammals#edible plant#small group plantings#naturalizes#small and large mammals#green fruits#edible#butterfly friendly#spring interest#native groundcover#moths#partial sun#shade flowers#audubon#larval host plant#native garden#partial shade#wildlife plant#showy flowers#moist soil#seed pods#edible garden#summer interest#naturalized area#edible flowers#perennials#groundcover#spring flowers
 
Cultivars / Varieties:
Tags:
#dappled shade#food source summer#rich soil#NC Native Pollinator Plant#Piedmont Mountains FACU#cpp#full shade#food source mid-summer#dappled sunlight#perennial#wildflower garden#deciduous#dry soil#forests#seed#summer fruits#summer flowers#part sun#part shade#forb#shade garden#self-seeding#low maintenance#bird friendly#fragrant flowers#food source#food source hard-mast fruit#cutting garden#specialized bees#perennial flowers#shade tolerant#moth larvae#Coastal FACU#fragrant#food source spring#yellow flowers#dry soils tolerant#spring fruits#bees#rock gardens#fruit#well-drained soil#NC native#shade#fruits#pollinator plant#woodland#food source herbage#native wildflower#native#food source hard mast fruit#mammals#small plant#native perennial#nectar plant#seeds#butterfly larvae#deer resistant#food source root#small mammals#edible plant#small group plantings#naturalizes#small and large mammals#green fruits#edible#butterfly friendly#spring interest#native groundcover#moths#partial sun#shade flowers#audubon#larval host plant#native garden#partial shade#wildlife plant#showy flowers#moist soil#seed pods#edible garden#summer interest#naturalized area#edible flowers#perennials#groundcover#spring flowers
  • Attributes:
    Genus:
    Viola
    Species:
    pubescens
    Family:
    Violaceae
    Life Cycle:
    Perennial
    Recommended Propagation Strategy:
    Seed
    Country Or Region Of Origin:
    North America
    Distribution:
    AL , AR , CT , DC , DE , GA , IA , IL , IN , KS , KY , LA , MA , MD , ME , MI , MN , MO , MS , NC , ND , NE , NH , NJ , NY , OH , OK , PA , RI , SC , SD , TN , TX , VA , VT , WI , WV , WY
    Wildlife Value:
    Nectar from the flowers attract butterflies and bees.  Members of the genus Viola support the following specialized bees: Andrena (Gonandrena) fragilis, Andrena (Gonandrena) integra, and Andrena (Gonandrena) platyparia. This plant is resistant to damage by deer. Butterflies and moths use this plant as a larval host. Birds and small mammals use the seed fruits as a food source.
    Play Value:
    Attractive Flowers
    Attracts Pollinators
    Colorful
    Defines Paths
    Easy to Grow
    Fragrance
    Wildlife Food Source
    Wildlife Larval Host
    Particularly Resistant To (Insects/Diseases/Other Problems):
    Moderately resistant to damage by deer.
    Edibility:
    Flowers are edible
  • Whole Plant Traits:
    Plant Type:
    Ground Cover
    Herbaceous Perennial
    Native Plant
    Wildflower
    Woody Plant Leaf Characteristics:
    Deciduous
    Habit/Form:
    Erect
  • Cultural Conditions:
    Light:
    Dappled Sunlight (Shade through upper canopy all day)
    Deep shade (Less than 2 hours to no direct sunlight)
    Partial Shade (Direct sunlight only part of the day, 2-6 hours)
    Soil Texture:
    High Organic Matter
    Loam (Silt)
    Sand
    Soil pH:
    Acid (<6.0)
    Neutral (6.0-8.0)
    Soil Drainage:
    Good Drainage
    Moist
    Occasionally Dry
    NC Region:
    Mountains
    Piedmont
    USDA Plant Hardiness Zone:
    3a, 3b, 4b, 4a, 5b, 5a, 6b, 6a, 7a, 7b, 8b, 8a
  • Fruit:
    Fruit Color:
    Brown/Copper
    Green
    Display/Harvest Time:
    Spring
    Summer
    Fruit Type:
    Capsule
    Fruit Length:
    < 1 inch
    Fruit Width:
    < 1 inch
    Fruit Description:
    1/2 inch long oval 3-angled seed capsules are light green and mature to brown. They split into 3 parts to eject their seeds. In North Carolina, the fruits are available from May to June.
  • Flowers:
    Flower Color:
    Gold/Yellow
    Flower Inflorescence:
    Head
    Flower Value To Gardener:
    Edible
    Fragrant
    Flower Bloom Time:
    Spring
    Summer
    Flower Shape:
    Cup
    Lipped
    Tubular
    Flower Petals:
    4-5 petals/rays
    Flower Size:
    < 1 inch
    Flower Description:
    Individual flowers are ¾" across with 5 yellow petals, and branched brownish-purple veins occurring along the lowest petal and sometimes on the 2 lateral petals. Small tufts of hair are at the base of the two lateral petals. The lowest petal has a short blunt nectar spur. In North Carolina, the flowers are available from March to May.
  • Leaves:
    Woody Plant Leaf Characteristics:
    Deciduous
    Leaf Color:
    Green
    Leaf Type:
    Simple
    Leaf Arrangement:
    Alternate
    Leaf Shape:
    Cordate
    Ovate
    Leaf Margin:
    Crenate
    Serrate
    Hairs Present:
    Yes
    Leaf Length:
    3-6 inches
    Leaf Width:
    1-3 inches
    Leaf Description:
    Heart-shaped basal leaves are formed in spring which are 1.5- 2 inches long and nearly as wide. 1-2 leafy, hairy stems form which are 4-10 inches tall with alternate leaves that have hairs on the undersides and are 2-4 inches long and 2-3.5 inches wide.
  • Stem:
    Stem Color:
    Green
    Stem Is Aromatic:
    No
    Stem Surface:
    Hairy (pubescent)
    Stem Description:
    Green stems with hairs
  • Landscape:
    Landscape Location:
    Naturalized Area
    Small Space
    Walkways
    Woodland
    Landscape Theme:
    Butterfly Garden
    Native Garden
    Pollinator Garden
    Rock Garden
    Shade Garden
    Design Feature:
    Border
    Attracts:
    Butterflies
    Moths
    Pollinators
    Small Mammals
    Songbirds
    Specialized Bees
    Resistance To Challenges:
    Deer