Plant DetailShow Menu

Viola

Common Name(s):

Phonetic Spelling
vy-OH-la
Description

Violets are delicate favorites in spring. Many species, hybrids and cultivars exist, including pansy and Johnny-jump-up. Viola is native to cold northern areas, but it grows surprisingly well in the south, with deep purplish green leaves and lavender colored flowers.

 

See this plant in the following landscape:
Cottage Style Foundation Planting
Cultivars / Varieties:
Tags:
#bees#white#sun#partial shade#blue#lavender#perennial#wildlife plant#nectar plant#specialized bees#cpp#spring interest#pollinator plant#wildflower garden#butterfly friendly
 
Cultivars / Varieties:
Tags:
#bees#white#sun#partial shade#blue#lavender#perennial#wildlife plant#nectar plant#specialized bees#cpp#spring interest#pollinator plant#wildflower garden#butterfly friendly
  • Attributes:
    Genus:
    Viola
    Life Cycle:
    Perennial
    Recommended Propagation Strategy:
    Seed
    Stem Cutting
    Country Or Region Of Origin:
    Noth America, Europe
    Wildlife Value:
    Nectar from the flowers attracts butterflies and bees. Members of the genus Viola support the following specialized bees: Andrena (Gonandrena) fragilis, Andrena (Gonandrena) integra, and Andrena (Gonandrena) platyparia.
  • Whole Plant Traits:
    Plant Type:
    Perennial
    Wildflower
    Woody Plant Leaf Characteristics:
    Deciduous
  • Cultural Conditions:
    Light:
    Dappled Sunlight (Shade through upper canopy all day)
    Full sun (6 or more hours of direct sunlight a day)
    Partial Shade (Direct sunlight only part of the day, 2-6 hours)
    Soil Drainage:
    Good Drainage
    Moist
    USDA Plant Hardiness Zone:
    4a, 4b, 5a, 5b, 6a, 6b, 7a, 7b, 8a, 8b, 9a, 9b
  • Fruit:
    Fruit Type:
    Capsule
    Fruit Description:
    Fruit capsules are produced that split open by way of three valves.
  • Flowers:
    Flower Color:
    Blue
    Purple/Lavender
    White
    Flower Inflorescence:
    Head
    Flower Value To Gardener:
    Showy
    Flower Bloom Time:
    Spring
    Flower Shape:
    Saucer
    Flower Petals:
    4-5 petals/rays
    Flower Description:
    Various flower colors, most are 5-petaled with 4 petals being swept upright or fan-like. The shape of the petals vary. Most bloom in spring.
  • Leaves:
    Woody Plant Leaf Characteristics:
    Deciduous
    Leaf Color:
    Green
    Leaf Type:
    Simple
    Leaf Arrangement:
    Alternate
    Leaf Margin:
    Entire
    Hairs Present:
    No
    Leaf Description:
    Most have heart-shaped scalloped leaves but some have palmate leaves and other shapes. Many have no stem and the rest have short stems. Those with short stems form basal rosettes.
  • Stem:
    Stem Is Aromatic:
    No
  • Landscape:
    Landscape Location:
    Container
    Meadow
    Naturalized Area
    Landscape Theme:
    Native Garden
    Pollinator Garden
    Rock Garden
    Design Feature:
    Border
    Mass Planting
    Attracts:
    Butterflies
    Pollinators
    Specialized Bees