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Viola

Common Name(s):

Description

Violets are delicate favorites in spring. Many species, hybrids and cultivars exist, including pansy and Johnny-jump-up. Viola is native to cold northern areas, but it grows surprisingly well in the south, with deep purplish green leaves and lavender colored flowers.

 

Cultivars / Varieties:
Tags:
#bees#white#butterflies#sun#partial shade#blue#lavender#spring#perennial#wildlife plant#wildflowers#nectar plant#specialized bees#cpp#pollinator plant
 
Cultivars / Varieties:
Tags:
#bees#white#butterflies#sun#partial shade#blue#lavender#spring#perennial#wildlife plant#wildflowers#nectar plant#specialized bees#cpp#pollinator plant
  • Attributes:
    Genus:
    Viola
    Life Cycle:
    Perennial
    Recommended Propagation Strategy:
    Seed
    Stem Cutting
    Country Or Region Of Origin:
    Noth America, Europe
    Wildlife Value:
    Nectar from the flowers attracts butterflies and bees. Members of the genus Viola support the following specialized bees: Andrena (Gonandrena) fragilis, Andrena (Gonandrena) integra, and Andrena (Gonandrena) platyparia.
  • Whole Plant Traits:
    Plant Type:
    Perennial
    Wildflower
    Leaf Characteristics:
    Deciduous
  • Cultural Conditions:
    Light:
    Dappled Sunlight (Shade through upper canopy all day)
    Full sun (6 or more hours of direct sunlight a day)
    Partial Shade (Direct sunlight only part of the day, 2-6 hours)
    Soil Drainage:
    Good Drainage
    Moist
    Usda Plant Hardiness Zone:
    4a, 4b, 5a, 5b, 6a, 6b, 7a, 7b, 8a, 8b, 9a, 9b
  • Fruit:
    Fruit Type:
    Capsule
    Fruit Description:
    Fruit capsules are produced that split open by way of three valves.
  • Flowers:
    Flower Color:
    Blue
    Purple/Lavender
    White
    Flower Inflorescence:
    Head
    Flower Value To Gardener:
    Showy
    Flower Bloom Time:
    Spring
    Flower Shape:
    Saucer
    Flower Petals:
    4-5 petals/rays
    Flower Description:
    Various flower colors, most are 5-petaled with 4 petals being swept upright or fan-like. The shape of the petals vary. Most bloom in spring.
  • Leaves:
    Leaf Characteristics:
    Deciduous
    Leaf Color:
    Green
    Leaf Type:
    Simple
    Leaf Arrangement:
    Alternate
    Leaf Margin:
    Entire
    Hairs Present:
    No
    Leaf Description:
    Most have heart-shaped scalloped leaves but some have palmate leaves and other shapes. Many have no stem and the rest have short stems. Those with short stems form basal rosettes.
  • Stem:
    Stem Is Aromatic:
    No
  • Landscape:
    Landscape Location:
    Container
    Meadow
    Naturalized Area
    Landscape Theme:
    Native Garden
    Pollinator Garden
    Rock Garden
    Design Feature:
    Border
    Mass Planting
    Attracts:
    Butterflies
    Pollinators
    Specialized Bees