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Viola arvensis

Phonetic Spelling
vye-OH-lah cor-NOO-tah
Description


Johnnyjump-ups are annual to perennial flowers (depending on winter temperatures) in the Violaceae family.  They have showy two-toned fragrant flowers that appear from April to June.  If blooming slows with warm summer weather prune back to encourage a second bloom in the fall. They prefer humusy, evenly moist, well-drained soils in full sun to part shade.  If they are perennial in your area, plant them in woodland gardens or along boarders.  They tolerate being planted near black walnut trees.  If they are annuals using them in bedding, window boxes, and containers. 

Seasons of Interest:

     Bloom: Spring-Summer, April-June

Wildlife Value: Nectar from the flowers attract butterflies and bees.  Members of the genus Viola support the following specialized bees: Andrena (Gonandrena) fragilisAndrena (Gonandrena) integraand Andrena (Gonandrena) platyparia

Insects, Diseases and Other Problems: No serious insect or disease problems. Susceptible to fungal leaf diseases. Watch for slugs and snails. This plant is frequently damaged by deer.

Cultivars:
Tags:
#bees#fragrant#butterflies#pollinators#fragrant flowers#container plant#wildlife plant#nectar plant#woodland garden#winter interest#border#specialized bees#window boxes#cpp#bedding plant
Cultivars:
Tags:
#bees#fragrant#butterflies#pollinators#fragrant flowers#container plant#wildlife plant#nectar plant#woodland garden#winter interest#border#specialized bees#window boxes#cpp#bedding plant
  • Attributes:
    Genus:
    Viola
    Species:
    cornuta
    Family:
    Violaceae
    Country Or Region Of Origin:
    Europe, Western Asia, and North Africa
  • Whole Plant Traits:
    Plant Type:
    Annual
    Perennial
  • Flowers:
    Flower Color:
    Blue
    Purple/Lavender
    Variegated
    White
    Flower Value To Gardener:
    Fragrant
  • Leaves:
    Leaf Color:
    Green
    Hairs Present:
    No
  • Stem:
    Stem Is Aromatic:
    No
  • Landscape:
    Landscape Location:
    Container
    Woodland
    Attracts:
    Butterflies
    Pollinators
    Specialized Bees