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Viola arvensis

Phonetic Spelling
vye-OH-lah cor-NOO-tah
Description

Field Pansies are annual to perennial flowers (depending on winter temperatures) in the Violaceae family.  They have showy two-toned fragrant flowers that appear from April to June.  If blooming slows with warm summer weather prune back to encourage a second bloom in the fall. They prefer humusy, evenly moist, well-drained soils in full sun to part shade.  If they are perennial in your area, plant them in woodland gardens or along borders.  If they are annuals using them in bedding, window boxes, and containers. 

Insects, Diseases and Other Problems: No serious insect or disease problems. Susceptible to fungal leaf diseases. Watch for slugs and snails. This plant is frequently damaged by deer.

Cultivars / Varieties:
Tags:
#bees#fragrant#fragrant flowers#container plant#wildlife plant#nectar plant#winter interest#specialized bees#window boxes#cpp#bedding plant#woodland#borders#pollinator plant#butterfly friendly
 
Cultivars / Varieties:
Tags:
#bees#fragrant#fragrant flowers#container plant#wildlife plant#nectar plant#winter interest#specialized bees#window boxes#cpp#bedding plant#woodland#borders#pollinator plant#butterfly friendly
  • Attributes:
    Genus:
    Viola
    Species:
    cornuta
    Family:
    Violaceae
    Life Cycle:
    Annual
    Perennial
    Recommended Propagation Strategy:
    Seed
    Country Or Region Of Origin:
    Europe, Western Asia, and North Africa
    Wildlife Value:
    Nectar from the flowers attract butterflies and bees.  Members of the genus Viola support the following specialized bees: Andrena (Gonandrena) fragilis, Andrena (Gonandrena) integra, and Andrena (Gonandrena) platyparia.
  • Whole Plant Traits:
    Plant Type:
    Annual
    Perennial
    Wildflower
    Habit/Form:
    Clumping
  • Cultural Conditions:
    Light:
    Full sun (6 or more hours of direct sunlight a day)
    Partial Shade (Direct sunlight only part of the day, 2-6 hours)
  • Fruit:
    Fruit Type:
    Capsule
    Fruit Description:
    Fruit are single-celled capsules with three valves.
  • Flowers:
    Flower Color:
    Gold/Yellow
    Purple/Lavender
    White
    Flower Inflorescence:
    Head
    Flower Value To Gardener:
    Fragrant
    Flower Shape:
    Saucer
    Flower Petals:
    4-5 petals/rays
    Flower Description:
    5 white to pale yellow petals sometimes tinged with purple with the lower petal being the largest.
  • Leaves:
    Leaf Color:
    Green
    Leaf Type:
    Simple
    Leaf Arrangement:
    Rosulate
    Leaf Shape:
    Orbicular
    Ovate
    Leaf Margin:
    Serrate
    Hairs Present:
    Yes
    Leaf Description:
    Basal rosette leaves are round to oval with a few shallow teeth on the margins. Mature leaves are longer and narrower with round-toothed margins and hairy veins on the leaf underside.
  • Stem:
    Stem Is Aromatic:
    No
  • Landscape:
    Landscape Location:
    Container
    Woodland
    Landscape Theme:
    Butterfly Garden
    Design Feature:
    Border
    Attracts:
    Butterflies
    Pollinators
    Specialized Bees
    Resistance To Challenges:
    Black Walnut