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Viola blanda

Previously known as:

  • Viola alsophila Greene
  • Viola incognita
  • Viola leconteana
Phonetic Spelling
vy-OH-la BLAN-duh
Description

Sweet white violets are low maintenance North American native wildflowers in the Violaceae family. They spread by runners (stolons) and can form a carpeted groundcover.  They naturalize easily in woodland, rock gardens, borders and shade gardens.

 

Cultivars / Varieties:
Tags:
#bees#butterflies#white flowers#wildflowers#shade tolerant#nectar plant#wet sites#specialized bees#cpp#deer resistant#rock garden#woodland#borders#pollinator plant
 
Cultivars / Varieties:
Tags:
#bees#butterflies#white flowers#wildflowers#shade tolerant#nectar plant#wet sites#specialized bees#cpp#deer resistant#rock garden#woodland#borders#pollinator plant
  • Attributes:
    Genus:
    Viola
    Species:
    blanda
    Life Cycle:
    Perennial
    Country Or Region Of Origin:
    North America
    Wildlife Value:
    Nectar from the flowers attract butterflies and bees. Members of the genus Viola support the following specialized bees: Andrena (Gonandrena) fragilis, Andrena (Gonandrena) integra, and Andrena (Gonandrena) platyparia. This plant is resistant to damage by deer.
  • Whole Plant Traits:
    Plant Type:
    Native Plant
    Wildflower
    Leaf Characteristics:
    Deciduous
    Habit/Form:
    Spreading
    Growth Rate:
    Medium
    Maintenance:
    Low
  • Cultural Conditions:
    Light:
    Dappled Sunlight (Shade through upper canopy all day)
    Full sun (6 or more hours of direct sunlight a day)
    Partial Shade (Direct sunlight only part of the day, 2-6 hours)
    Soil pH:
    Acid (<6.0)
    Soil Drainage:
    Moist
    Occasionally Wet
    NC Region:
    Mountains
    Piedmont
    Usda Plant Hardiness Zone:
    2a, 2b, 3a, 3b, 4a, 4b, 5a, 5b, 6a, 6b, 7a, 7b
  • Fruit:
    Fruit Color:
    Brown/Copper
    Fruit Type:
    Capsule
    Fruit Length:
    < 1 inch
    Fruit Description:
    The fruit is a hanging ovoid capsule about ΒΌ inch long, containing many small seeds that ripen to dark brown.
  • Flowers:
    Flower Color:
    White
    Flower Inflorescence:
    Head
    Flower Value To Gardener:
    Showy
    Flower Bloom Time:
    Spring
    Summer
    Flower Shape:
    Tubular
    Urn
    Flower Petals:
    4-5 petals/rays
    Flower Size:
    < 1 inch
    Flower Description:
    5 petaled white flowers with the lower petal having purple veins. Upper petals are often twisted or bent backward. The stalk is red-tinged.
  • Leaves:
    Leaf Characteristics:
    Deciduous
    Leaf Color:
    Green
    Leaf Type:
    Simple
    Leaf Arrangement:
    Rosulate
    Leaf Shape:
    Cordate
    Leaf Margin:
    Entire
    Hairs Present:
    Yes
    Leaf Length:
    1-3 inches
    Leaf Width:
    1-3 inches
    Leaf Description:
    1 to 2.5-inch heart-shaped leaves in a basal rosette with a few widely scattered hairs
  • Stem:
    Stem Is Aromatic:
    No
  • Landscape:
    Landscape Location:
    Naturalized Area
    Woodland
    Landscape Theme:
    Native Garden
    Pollinator Garden
    Rock Garden
    Shade Garden
    Design Feature:
    Border
    Attracts:
    Butterflies
    Pollinators
    Specialized Bees
    Resistance To Challenges:
    Deer
    Wet Soil