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Viola blanda is often confused with:
Viola renifolia Viola renifolia
Plants that fill a similar niche:
Salvia rosmarinus Rosmarinus officinalis
Viola sororia Viola papilionacea
Viola pubescens Form

Sweet White Violet Viola blanda

Other Common Name(s):

Previously known as:

  • Viola alsophila Greene
  • Viola incognita
  • Viola leconteana
Phonetic Spelling
vy-OH-la BLAN-duh
Description

Sweet white violets are low maintenance North American native wildflowers in the Violaceae family. They are a stemless perennial that spreads by runners (stolons) and can form a carpeted groundcover.  They are classified as stolopniferous, which is a horizontal stem found above ground and produces roots and vertical stems at the nodes.

The fragrant flowers are single, irregular and sit at the end of a bare stem.  The upper 2 petals are narrower than most violets and may be twisted or curling.  The lower petals are more protruding and can have a few hairs at the base.  There are brown-purple veins on both the side and lower petals.

Basal leaves are heart shaped and form clusters at the nodes along the stem runners.  At maturity, they can reach a width of 2 1/2", are rounded and may be blunt or pointed at its tip.  The upper side of the leaf is smooth and may be covered with short hairs.  The dark green leaves, as well as the stem may be tinged with red.

In its natural habitat, it can be found growing and spreading in disturbed areas, floodplains, forests, swamps and the of wetlands.  They naturalize easily in woodland, rock gardens, borders and shade gardens.  

Insects, Diseases, and Other Plant Problems:  No serious issues.

 

See this plant in the following landscape:
Cultivars / Varieties:
Tags:
#bees#fragrant#fragrant flowers#perennial#white flowers#shade tolerant#nectar plant#shade garden#wet sites#specialized bees#cpp#herbaceous#herbaceous perennial#groundcover#rock gardens#borders#pollinator plant#wildflower garden#shade border#butterfly friendly#wildflower#woodlands#shade perennial#colonizing
 
Cultivars / Varieties:
Tags:
#bees#fragrant#fragrant flowers#perennial#white flowers#shade tolerant#nectar plant#shade garden#wet sites#specialized bees#cpp#herbaceous#herbaceous perennial#groundcover#rock gardens#borders#pollinator plant#wildflower garden#shade border#butterfly friendly#wildflower#woodlands#shade perennial#colonizing
  • Attributes:
    Genus:
    Viola
    Species:
    blanda
    Family:
    Violaceae
    Life Cycle:
    Perennial
    Country Or Region Of Origin:
    North America
    Distribution:
    AL, CT, DE, GA, IA, IL, IN, KY, MA, MD, ME, MI, MN, NC, ND, NH, NJ, NY, OH, PA, RI, SC, TN, VA, VT, WI, WV
    Wildlife Value:
    Nectar from the flowers attract butterflies and bees. Members of the genus Viola support the following specialized bees: Andrena (Gonandrena) fragilis, Andrena (Gonandrena) integra, and Andrena (Gonandrena) platyparia. This plant is resistant to damage by deer.
    Play Value:
    Attracts Pollinators
    Easy to Grow
    Fragrance
    Wildlife Larval Host
    Dimensions:
    Height: 0 ft. 3 in. - 0 ft. 6 in.
    Width: 0 ft. 9 in. - 1 ft. 0 in.
  • Whole Plant Traits:
    Plant Type:
    Ground Cover
    Herb
    Native Plant
    Wildflower
    Woody Plant Leaf Characteristics:
    Deciduous
    Habit/Form:
    Horizontal
    Prostrate
    Spreading
    Growth Rate:
    Medium
    Maintenance:
    Low
    Texture:
    Medium
  • Cultural Conditions:
    Light:
    Dappled Sunlight (Shade through upper canopy all day)
    Partial Shade (Direct sunlight only part of the day, 2-6 hours)
    Soil Texture:
    Clay
    High Organic Matter
    Loam (Silt)
    Sand
    Soil pH:
    Acid (<6.0)
    Soil Drainage:
    Good Drainage
    Moist
    Occasionally Wet
    Available Space To Plant:
    Less than 12 inches
    NC Region:
    Mountains
    Piedmont
    USDA Plant Hardiness Zone:
    2a, 2b, 3b, 3a, 4b, 4a, 5b, 5a, 6a, 6b, 7b, 7a
  • Fruit:
    Fruit Color:
    Brown/Copper
    Fruit Type:
    Capsule
    Fruit Length:
    < 1 inch
    Fruit Description:
    The fruit is a hanging ovoid capsule about ΒΌ inch long, containing many small seeds that ripen to dark brown.
  • Flowers:
    Flower Color:
    White
    Flower Inflorescence:
    Head
    Flower Value To Gardener:
    Fragrant
    Showy
    Flower Bloom Time:
    Spring
    Summer
    Flower Shape:
    Tubular
    Urn
    Flower Petals:
    4-5 petals/rays
    Flower Size:
    < 1 inch
    Flower Description:
    5 petaled heart-shaped white flowers with the lower petal having purple veins. Upper petals are often twisted or bent backward. The stalk is red-tinged.
  • Leaves:
    Woody Plant Leaf Characteristics:
    Deciduous
    Leaf Color:
    Green
    Leaf Feel:
    Smooth
    Leaf Type:
    Simple
    Leaf Arrangement:
    Rosulate
    Leaf Shape:
    Cordate
    Leaf Margin:
    Entire
    Hairs Present:
    Yes
    Leaf Length:
    1-3 inches
    Leaf Width:
    1-3 inches
    Leaf Description:
    1 to 2.5-inch heart-shaped leaves in a basal rosette with a few widely scattered hairs
  • Stem:
    Stem Color:
    Green
    Stem Is Aromatic:
    No
    Stem Description:
    Green stems, tinged with red.
  • Landscape:
    Landscape Location:
    Naturalized Area
    Woodland
    Landscape Theme:
    Native Garden
    Pollinator Garden
    Rock Garden
    Shade Garden
    Design Feature:
    Border
    Attracts:
    Butterflies
    Pollinators
    Specialized Bees
    Resistance To Challenges:
    Deer
    Wet Soil