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Viola renifolia

Common Name(s):

Description

Kidney-leaved violet is a native wildflower of northern parts of North America and grows as far north as zone 3.   This violet grows in spruce and temperate coniferous forests in swampy wooded areas.

It is not an appropriate plant for NC.

 

Cultivars / Varieties:
Tags:
#bees#white flowers#wildlife plant#nectar plant#specialized bees#cpp#deer resistant#northern climate#pollinator plant
 
Cultivars / Varieties:
Tags:
#bees#white flowers#wildlife plant#nectar plant#specialized bees#cpp#deer resistant#northern climate#pollinator plant
  • Attributes:
    Genus:
    Viola
    Species:
    renifolia
    Life Cycle:
    Perennial
    Country Or Region Of Origin:
    Northern North America
    Distribution:
    AK , CO , CT , IA , ID , MA , ME , MI , MN , MT , NH , NY , PA , RI , SD , VT , WA , WI , WY
    Wildlife Value:
    Nectar from the flowers attract butterflies and bees. Members of the genus Viola support the following specialized bees: Andrena (Gonandrena) fragilis, Andrena (Gonandrena) integra, and Andrena (Gonandrena) platyparia. This plant is resistant to damage by deer.
  • Whole Plant Traits:
    Plant Type:
    Native Plant
    Wildflower
    Leaf Characteristics:
    Deciduous
    Habit/Form:
    Erect
  • Cultural Conditions:
    Light:
    Partial Shade (Direct sunlight only part of the day, 2-6 hours)
  • Flowers:
    Flower Color:
    Brown/Copper
    Cream/Tan
    Purple/Lavender
    White
    Flower Inflorescence:
    Head
    Flower Bloom Time:
    Spring
    Summer
    Flower Petals:
    4-5 petals/rays
    Flower Size:
    < 1 inch
    Flower Description:
    1/4- 1/2 inch white flowers with brownish-purple lines on the lower petal and occasionally the lateral petals. The lateral petals may be bearded with small tufts of white hairs. Blooms April- June
  • Leaves:
    Leaf Characteristics:
    Deciduous
    Leaf Color:
    Green
    Leaf Type:
    Simple
    Leaf Arrangement:
    Rosulate
    Leaf Shape:
    Orbicular
    Reniform
    Leaf Margin:
    Crenate
    Serrate
    Hairs Present:
    Yes
    Leaf Description:
    Heart to kidney-shaped basal leaves with hairs on the undersides and sometimes on the upper leaf.
  • Stem:
    Stem Color:
    Brown/Copper
    Green
    Stem Is Aromatic:
    No
  • Landscape:
    Attracts:
    Pollinators
    Specialized Bees
    Resistance To Challenges:
    Deer