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Viola x wittrockiana

Common Name(s):

Phonetic Spelling
vye-OH-lah BY wih-troh-kee-AY-nah
Description

Pansies are available in many flower colors, patterns, and sizes with some plants being upright and some with a more trailing habit. They are an excellent plant for bedding and containers. Plant in the fall for late winter and early spring blooms. They prefer humusy, consistently moist, well-drained soils in full sun to part shade. 

Insects, Diseases, and Other Plant Problems: This plant is frequently damaged by deer.

Quick ID

  • Flowers orbicular, 1-2 inches across in many colors 
  • Some flowers with an eyespot 
  • Leaves with enlarged, lobed or pinnate stipules

 VIDEO Created by Elisabeth Meyer for "Annuals, Perennials, Vines, and Groundcovers" a plant identification course offered in partnership with Longwood Gardens. 

Profile Video:
See this plant in the following landscapes:
Walkway at the Park Fence Planter
Cultivars / Varieties:
Tags:
#purple#white#sun#showy flowers#yellow#partial shade#annual#blue#biennial#winter interest#apvg#fall interest#cpp#cool weather plant#spring interest#fantz#apvg-a#HS302
 
Cultivars / Varieties:
Tags:
#purple#white#sun#showy flowers#yellow#partial shade#annual#blue#biennial#winter interest#apvg#fall interest#cpp#cool weather plant#spring interest#fantz#apvg-a#HS302
  • Attributes:
    Genus:
    Viola
    Family:
    Violaceae
    Life Cycle:
    Annual
    Biennial
    Country Or Region Of Origin:
    Europe, Asia
    Edibility:
    Flowers are edible and can be candyied, used for decorating cakes, and eating on crackers with cream cheese.
    Dimensions:
    Height: 0 ft. 8 in. - 1 ft. 0 in.
    Width: 0 ft. 6 in. - 1 ft. 0 in.
  • Whole Plant Traits:
    Plant Type:
    Annual
    Woody Plant Leaf Characteristics:
    Semi-evergreen
    Habit/Form:
    Rounded
    Spreading
    Growth Rate:
    Medium
    Maintenance:
    Medium
    Texture:
    Medium
  • Cultural Conditions:
    Light:
    Full sun (6 or more hours of direct sunlight a day)
    Partial Shade (Direct sunlight only part of the day, 2-6 hours)
    Soil Texture:
    High Organic Matter
    Soil pH:
    Neutral (6.0-8.0)
    Soil Drainage:
    Good Drainage
    Moist
    NC Region:
    Coastal
    Mountains
    Piedmont
    USDA Plant Hardiness Zone:
    6a, 6b, 7b, 7a, 8a, 8b, 9a, 9b, 10b, 10a
  • Flowers:
    Flower Color:
    Blue
    Gold/Yellow
    Purple/Lavender
    Red/Burgundy
    White
    Flower Inflorescence:
    Head
    Flower Value To Gardener:
    Edible
    Showy
    Flower Bloom Time:
    Fall
    Spring
    Winter
    Flower Shape:
    Saucer
    Flower Petals:
    4-5 petals/rays
    Flower Size:
    1-3 inches
    Flower Description:
    4 petals face upward and one downward, with or without the "face" patterned colorings. It comes in many colors and multicolored patterns.
  • Leaves:
    Woody Plant Leaf Characteristics:
    Semi-evergreen
    Leaf Color:
    Green
    Leaf Type:
    Simple
    Leaf Arrangement:
    Alternate
    Leaf Shape:
    Elliptical
    Lanceolate
    Ovate
    Leaf Margin:
    Crenate
    Hairs Present:
    No
    Leaf Length:
    1-3 inches
    Leaf Width:
    < 1 inch
    Leaf Description:
    1-1.5 inch leaves are leaves ovate to subcordate with crenate margins. The upper leaves elliptic-lanceolate, entire, base cuneate; stipules pinnately cut, conspicuous.
  • Stem:
    Stem Color:
    Green
    Stem Is Aromatic:
    No
    Stem Description:
    Stems are green, leafy.
  • Landscape:
    Landscape Location:
    Container
    Small Space
    Walkways
    Landscape Theme:
    Children's Garden
    Edible Garden
    Winter Garden
    Design Feature:
    Border
    Small groups