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Viola x wittrockiana is often confused with:
Viola sororia Viola papilionacea
Viola tricolor Viola tricolor flower.
Plants that fill a similar niche:
Petunia x hybrida Petunia x hybrida
Catharanthus roseus Catharanthis roseus
Dianthus chinensis Dianthus chinensis
Viola x wittrockiana has some common insect problems:
Slugs and Snails Found on Flowers and Foliage

Lady's Delight Viola x wittrockiana

Other Common Name(s):

Phonetic Spelling
vye-OH-lah BY wih-troh-kee-AY-nah
Description

Pansies, which are one of the most popular bedding plants for cooler weather, are available in many flower colors, patterns, and sizes with some plants being upright and some with a more trailing habit. They can bloom for up to 4 to 6 months, making them an excellent plant for bedding and containers. Plant in the fall as a biennial for late winter and early spring blooms. They prefer humusy, consistently moist, well-drained soils in full sun to part shade. 

Although they have a delicate appearance, they are tough little plants that can tolerate frost.  Plant in the fall to enjoy blooms until the temperatures drop and frost occurs, at which time they will stop blooming.  However, they will be one of the first to bloom as temperatures warm up in the spring.  Smaller plants will survive the winter better than larger plants.  They will also bloom earlier than others that are transplanted in the spring.  Deadheading spent blooms will prolong the bloom period.  

Insects, Diseases, and Other Plant Problems: Fungal leaf disease, pansy leaf spot and powdery mildew may affect this plant.  Slugs, snails and glasshouse red spider mite are common insects.  

Quick ID

  • Flowers orbicular, 1-2 inches across in many colors 
  • Some flowers with an eye spot 
  • Leaves with enlarged, lobed or pinnate stipules

 VIDEO Created by Elisabeth Meyer for "Annuals, Perennials, Vines, and Ground covers" a plant identification course offered in partnership with Longwood Gardens. 

Profile Video:
See this plant in the following landscapes:
Fence Planter Walkway at the Park
Cultivars / Varieties:
Tags:
#purple#white#sun#showy flowers#yellow#partial shade#annual#blue#biennial#perennial#winter interest#apvg#fall interest#cpp#herbaceous#deer resistant#herbaceous perennial#cool weather plant#spring interest#fantz#apvg-a#HS302
 
Cultivars / Varieties:
Tags:
#purple#white#sun#showy flowers#yellow#partial shade#annual#blue#biennial#perennial#winter interest#apvg#fall interest#cpp#herbaceous#deer resistant#herbaceous perennial#cool weather plant#spring interest#fantz#apvg-a#HS302
  • Attributes:
    Genus:
    Viola
    Family:
    Violaceae
    Life Cycle:
    Annual
    Biennial
    Recommended Propagation Strategy:
    Seed
    Country Or Region Of Origin:
    Europe, Asia
    Wildlife Value:
    Attract butterflies.
    Play Value:
    Attractive Flowers
    Attracts Pollinators
    Colorful
    Defines Paths
    Easy to Grow
    Fragrance
    Textural
    Edibility:
    Flowers are edible and can be candyied, used for decorating cakes, and eating on crackers with cream cheese.
    Dimensions:
    Height: 0 ft. 9 in. - 1 ft. 0 in.
    Width: 0 ft. 9 in. - 1 ft. 0 in.
  • Whole Plant Traits:
    Plant Type:
    Annual
    Woody Plant Leaf Characteristics:
    Semi-evergreen
    Habit/Form:
    Rounded
    Spreading
    Growth Rate:
    Medium
    Maintenance:
    Medium
    Texture:
    Medium
  • Cultural Conditions:
    Light:
    Full sun (6 or more hours of direct sunlight a day)
    Partial Shade (Direct sunlight only part of the day, 2-6 hours)
    Soil Texture:
    Clay
    High Organic Matter
    Loam (Silt)
    Sand
    Soil pH:
    Acid (<6.0)
    Alkaline (>8.0)
    Neutral (6.0-8.0)
    Soil Drainage:
    Good Drainage
    Moist
    Available Space To Plant:
    Less than 12 inches
    NC Region:
    Coastal
    Mountains
    Piedmont
    USDA Plant Hardiness Zone:
    6a, 6b, 7b, 7a, 8a, 8b, 9a, 9b, 10b, 10a
  • Flowers:
    Flower Color:
    Blue
    Gold/Yellow
    Purple/Lavender
    Red/Burgundy
    White
    Flower Inflorescence:
    Head
    Flower Value To Gardener:
    Edible
    Fragrant
    Showy
    Flower Bloom Time:
    Spring
    Summer
    Flower Shape:
    Saucer
    Flower Petals:
    4-5 petals/rays
    Flower Size:
    1-3 inches
    Flower Description:
    4 petals face upward and one downward, with or without the "face" patterned colorings. It comes in many colors and multicolored patterns.
  • Leaves:
    Woody Plant Leaf Characteristics:
    Semi-evergreen
    Leaf Color:
    Green
    Leaf Type:
    Simple
    Leaf Arrangement:
    Alternate
    Leaf Shape:
    Elliptical
    Lanceolate
    Ovate
    Leaf Margin:
    Crenate
    Hairs Present:
    No
    Leaf Length:
    1-3 inches
    Leaf Width:
    < 1 inch
    Leaf Description:
    1-1.5 inch leaves are leaves ovate to subcordate with crenate margins. The upper leaves elliptic-lanceolate, entire, base cuneate; stipules pinnately cut, conspicuous.
  • Stem:
    Stem Color:
    Green
    Stem Is Aromatic:
    No
    Stem Description:
    Stems are green, leafy.
  • Landscape:
    Landscape Location:
    Container
    Hanging Baskets
    Patio
    Slope/Bank
    Small Space
    Walkways
    Landscape Theme:
    Children's Garden
    Edible Garden
    Winter Garden
    Design Feature:
    Border
    Mass Planting
    Small groups
    Attracts:
    Butterflies
    Resistance To Challenges:
    Slugs