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Viola hastata

Phonetic Spelling
vy-OH-la hass-TAH-tuh
Description

 Spearleaf Violet is native to the NC mountains and occasionally in the Piedmont. It is found in rich, open woods and ravines and prefers humus-rich acidic soils in part shade. The spear-shaped leaves are variegated and the yellow blooms occur in spring. Grow in naturalized woodland settings.

 

Cultivars / Varieties:
Tags:
#bees#butterflies#partial shade#acidic soil#wildlife plant#yellow flowers#nectar plant#spring flowers#specialized bees#moist soil#cpp#woodland#pollinator plant#native wildflower
 
Cultivars / Varieties:
Tags:
#bees#butterflies#partial shade#acidic soil#wildlife plant#yellow flowers#nectar plant#spring flowers#specialized bees#moist soil#cpp#woodland#pollinator plant#native wildflower
  • Attributes:
    Genus:
    Viola
    Species:
    hastata
    Family:
    Violaceae
    Life Cycle:
    Perennial
    Country Or Region Of Origin:
    Eastern North America
    Distribution:
    AL , FL , GA , KY , MD , NC , NY , OH , PA , SC , TN , VA , WV
    Wildlife Value:
    Nectar from the flowers attracts butterflies and bees. Members of the genus Viola support the following specialized bees: Andrena (Gonandrena) fragilis, Andrena (Gonandrena) integra, and Andrena (Gonandrena) platyparia. This plant is resistant to damage by deer.
  • Whole Plant Traits:
    Plant Type:
    Native Plant
    Wildflower
    Leaf Characteristics:
    Deciduous
    Habit/Form:
    Clumping
    Erect
  • Cultural Conditions:
    Light:
    Dappled Sunlight (Shade through upper canopy all day)
    Full sun (6 or more hours of direct sunlight a day)
    Partial Shade (Direct sunlight only part of the day, 2-6 hours)
    Soil Texture:
    High Organic Matter
    Soil pH:
    Acid (<6.0)
    Soil Drainage:
    Good Drainage
    Moist
    Occasionally Dry
    NC Region:
    Mountains
    Piedmont
  • Fruit:
    Fruit Color:
    Brown/Copper
    Cream/Tan
    Fruit Type:
    Capsule
    Fruit Description:
    Buff colored oval capsule with brown seeds.
  • Flowers:
    Flower Color:
    Purple/Lavender
    Flower Inflorescence:
    Head
    Flower Value To Gardener:
    Showy
    Flower Bloom Time:
    Spring
    Flower Shape:
    Saucer
    Flower Petals:
    4-5 petals/rays
    Flower Size:
    < 1 inch
    Flower Description:
    The 5 petaled yellow flowers are purple-tinged on the backside. They have purplish nectar lines on the lower petal and are bearded on the lateral lobes.
  • Leaves:
    Leaf Characteristics:
    Deciduous
    Leaf Color:
    Green
    Variegated
    Leaf Type:
    Simple
    Leaf Arrangement:
    Opposite
    Rosulate
    Leaf Shape:
    Lanceolate
    Ovate
    Leaf Margin:
    Serrate
    Hairs Present:
    No
    Leaf Length:
    1-3 inches
    Leaf Width:
    1-3 inches
    Leaf Description:
    1-2 inches long variegated, arrow-shaped leaves in a basal pattern.
  • Stem:
    Stem Is Aromatic:
    No
  • Landscape:
    Landscape Location:
    Naturalized Area
    Woodland
    Landscape Theme:
    Native Garden
    Pollinator Garden
    Attracts:
    Butterflies
    Pollinators
    Specialized Bees