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Viola cucullata

Common Name(s):

Phonetic Spelling
vy-OH-la kuk-yoo-LAY-tuh
Description

Marsh Blue Violet is a native wildflower that prefers moist to wet soils in prairies, fields, streams and pond edges. It grows in a variety of soils and in sun to dabbled shade. Light blue to blue-violet flowers are borne well above the leaves.

Insects, Diseases and Other Problems: No serious insect or disease problems. Susceptible to fungal leaf diseases. Watch for slugs and snails. 

See this plant in the following landscape:
Cultivars / Varieties:
  • 'Striata Alba'
'Striata Alba'
Tags:
#bees#sun#showy flowers#partial shade#nectar plant#blue flowers#specialized bees#cpp#violet flowers#native garden#butterfly friendly#shade flowers
 
Cultivars / Varieties:
  • 'Striata Alba'
'Striata Alba'
Tags:
#bees#sun#showy flowers#partial shade#nectar plant#blue flowers#specialized bees#cpp#violet flowers#native garden#butterfly friendly#shade flowers
  • Attributes:
    Genus:
    Viola
    Species:
    cucullata
    Family:
    Violaceae
    Uses (Ethnobotany):
    Violet has been used as a herbal medicine for cancers and minor ailments.
    Life Cycle:
    Perennial
    Country Or Region Of Origin:
    North America
    Distribution:
    AL , AR , CT , DC , DE , GA , IA , IL , IN , KY , MA , MD , ME , MI , MN , MO , NC , NH , NJ , NY , OH , PA , RI , SC , TN , VA , VT , WI , WV
    Wildlife Value:
    Nectar from the flowers attract butterflies and bees. Members of the genus Viola support the following specialized bees: Andrena (Gonandrena) fragilis, Andrena (Gonandrena) integra, and Andrena (Gonandrena) platyparia.
    Play Value:
    Attracts Pollinators
    Edibility:
    The leaves are rich in Vitamin A and C and can add variety to spring salads.
  • Whole Plant Traits:
    Plant Type:
    Native Plant
    Wildflower
    Growth Rate:
    Medium
    Maintenance:
    Low
  • Cultural Conditions:
    Light:
    Dappled Sunlight (Shade through upper canopy all day)
    Full sun (6 or more hours of direct sunlight a day)
    Partial Shade (Direct sunlight only part of the day, 2-6 hours)
    Soil Texture:
    Clay
    Loam (Silt)
    Sand
    Soil Drainage:
    Moist
    Occasionally Wet
    Available Space To Plant:
    Less than 12 inches
    NC Region:
    Coastal
    Mountains
    Piedmont
    USDA Plant Hardiness Zone:
    3a, 3b, 4b, 4a, 5a, 5b, 6a, 6b, 7b, 7a
  • Fruit:
    Fruit Color:
    Green
    Display/Harvest Time:
    Summer
    Fruit Type:
    Capsule
    Fruit Length:
    < 1 inch
    Fruit Width:
    < 1 inch
    Fruit Description:
    Seed capsules are about ½" long and light green.
  • Flowers:
    Flower Color:
    Green
    Purple/Lavender
    White
    Flower Inflorescence:
    Head
    Flower Value To Gardener:
    Showy
    Flower Bloom Time:
    Spring
    Flower Shape:
    Saucer
    Tubular
    Flower Petals:
    4-5 petals/rays
    Flower Size:
    < 1 inch
    Flower Description:
    3/4 inch blue-violet flower with 5 petals and a spurred lower lip that is darker towards the center. they are long-stalked and grow higher than the leaves. The lowermost petal has a patch of white with radiating purple veins in the front, while in the back it has a short stout nectar spur.
  • Leaves:
    Leaf Color:
    Green
    Leaf Type:
    Simple
    Leaf Arrangement:
    Rosulate
    Leaf Shape:
    Cordate
    Ovate
    Leaf Margin:
    Crenate
    Serrate
    Hairs Present:
    No
    Leaf Length:
    1-3 inches
    Leaf Width:
    1-3 inches
    Leaf Description:
    Has a low rosette of basal leaves spanning about 6" across, from which one or more flowering stalks develop. The heart-shaped basal leaves are up to 3½" long and 3½" across and medium green.
  • Stem:
    Stem Color:
    Brown/Copper
    Green
    Stem Is Aromatic:
    No
  • Landscape:
    Landscape Location:
    Meadow
    Naturalized Area
    Pond
    Landscape Theme:
    Cottage Garden
    Rain Garden
    Attracts:
    Butterflies
    Specialized Bees