Plant DetailShow Menu

Salvia lyrata

Phonetic Spelling
SAL-vee-ah leer-RAY-tuh
Description

Lyreleaf sage is an herbaceous perennial in the Lamiaceae (mint) family and native to the eastern and central United States. It may grow 1 to 2 feet tall, with leaves that originate at the base of the stem. Each basal leaf is lobed like a lyre, hence the species name, and lavender flowers occur in rings around the stem from mid-spring to early summer, attracting butterflies. The name Salvia is derived from the Latin term salveo, which means ‘be well’ and refers to the plant's medicinal properties.

Plant in average, medium-moist, well-drained soil in full sun to partial shade. It tolerates heat and humidity, as well as drought once established. Lyreleaf sage is moderately resistant to browsing by deer.  Propagate by collecting seeds before seed capsules fully dry out or by root division. It reseeds easily in loose, sandy soil. 

Use this sage in a meadow, naturalized area, or woodland. Its dense form, short height, and tolerance for mowing make it an excellent lawn alternative. Plant it in a butterfly, drought tolerant, native, or pollinator garden. Because it tolerates occasional flooding and wet soil, it makes a good addition to a rain garden.  

Fire Risk: This plant has a medium flammability rating. 

Insect, Diseases, and Other Plant Problems: No significant problems

VIDEO Created by Elisabeth Meyer for "Annuals, Perennials, Vines, and Groundcovers" a plant identification course offered in partnership with Longwood Gardens. 

More information on Salvia.

Profile Video:
See this plant in the following landscape:
Cultivars / Varieties:
Tags:
#hummingbirds#full sun tolerant#heat tolerant#drought tolerant#perennials#wildlife plant#purple flowers#fragrant leaves#nectar plant#lawn alternative#spring flowers#cpp#fire medium flammability#NC native#summer flowers#herb garden culinary#deer resistant#long bloom time#hairy leaves#spring interest#native groundcover#pollinator plant#native wildflower#wildflower garden#food source summer#hairy stems#food source nectar#food source pollen#nectar plant late spring#groundcovers that can be mowed#foot traffic tolerant#butterfly friendly#nectar plant mid-spring#Piedmont Mountains FACU#Coastal FACU#partial shade tolerant#HS302#flood tolerant#Audubon#lawn planting
 
Cultivars / Varieties:
Tags:
#hummingbirds#full sun tolerant#heat tolerant#drought tolerant#perennials#wildlife plant#purple flowers#fragrant leaves#nectar plant#lawn alternative#spring flowers#cpp#fire medium flammability#NC native#summer flowers#herb garden culinary#deer resistant#long bloom time#hairy leaves#spring interest#native groundcover#pollinator plant#native wildflower#wildflower garden#food source summer#hairy stems#food source nectar#food source pollen#nectar plant late spring#groundcovers that can be mowed#foot traffic tolerant#butterfly friendly#nectar plant mid-spring#Piedmont Mountains FACU#Coastal FACU#partial shade tolerant#HS302#flood tolerant#Audubon#lawn planting
  • Attributes:
    Genus:
    Salvia
    Species:
    lyrata
    Family:
    Lamiaceae
    Life Cycle:
    Perennial
    Recommended Propagation Strategy:
    Division
    Seed
    Country Or Region Of Origin:
    Eastern and central United States
    Fire Risk Rating:
    medium flammability
    Wildlife Value:
    Flowers are attractive to hummingbirds, butterflies, and other pollinators.
    Play Value:
    Wildlife Food Source
    Dimensions:
    Height: 1 ft. 0 in. - 2 ft. 0 in.
    Width: 0 ft. 6 in. - 1 ft. 0 in.
  • Whole Plant Traits:
    Plant Type:
    Ground Cover
    Herb
    Native Plant
    Perennial
    Wildflower
    Woody Plant Leaf Characteristics:
    Deciduous
    Habit/Form:
    Dense
    Erect
    Maintenance:
    Medium
  • Cultural Conditions:
    Light:
    Dappled Sunlight (Shade through upper canopy all day)
    Deep shade (Less than 2 hours to no direct sunlight)
    Full sun (6 or more hours of direct sunlight a day)
    Partial Shade (Direct sunlight only part of the day, 2-6 hours)
    Soil Texture:
    Clay
    Sand
    Shallow Rocky
    Soil pH:
    Acid (<6.0)
    Neutral (6.0-8.0)
    Soil Drainage:
    Good Drainage
    Moist
    Occasional Flooding
    Occasionally Dry
    Available Space To Plant:
    3 feet-6 feet
    NC Region:
    Coastal
    Mountains
    Piedmont
    USDA Plant Hardiness Zone:
    5b, 5a, 6b, 6a, 7b, 7a, 8b, 8a
  • Fruit:
    Fruit Color:
    Cream/Tan
    Display/Harvest Time:
    Summer
    Fruit Description:
    Tan. Blooms from May to July.
  • Flowers:
    Flower Color:
    Blue
    Purple/Lavender
    White
    Flower Inflorescence:
    Raceme
    Flower Value To Gardener:
    Long Bloom Season
    Showy
    Flower Bloom Time:
    Spring
    Flower Shape:
    Trumpet
    Tubular
    Flower Petals:
    fused petals
    Flower Size:
    1-3 inches
    Flower Description:
    1" bright to pale blue, white or violet flowers in whorls along the upper part of the plant from April to May.
  • Leaves:
    Woody Plant Leaf Characteristics:
    Deciduous
    Leaf Color:
    Green
    Purple/Lavender
    Leaf Value To Gardener:
    Fragrant
    Leaf Type:
    Simple
    Leaf Arrangement:
    Rosulate
    Leaf Margin:
    Lobed
    Hairs Present:
    Yes
    Leaf Length:
    > 6 inches
    Leaf Description:
    Small bract-like dark green leaves veined with purple; basal leaves are 3 to 8 in. long and stalked; may have wavy toothed margins or deep pinnate lobes.
  • Stem:
    Stem Is Aromatic:
    No
    Stem Cross Section:
    Square
    Stem Surface:
    Hairy (pubescent)
    Stem Description:
    Simple or sparingly branched stems; hairy
  • Landscape:
    Landscape Location:
    Lawn
    Meadow
    Naturalized Area
    Woodland
    Landscape Theme:
    Butterfly Garden
    Drought Tolerant Garden
    Native Garden
    Pollinator Garden
    Design Feature:
    Mass Planting
    Attracts:
    Butterflies
    Hummingbirds
    Pollinators
    Resistance To Challenges:
    Deer
    Drought
    Foot Traffic
    Heat
    Wet Soil