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Parthenocissus quinquefolia

Common Name(s):

Phonetic Spelling
par-then-oh-SIS-us kwin-ke-FOH-lee-ah
This plant has high severity poison characteristics.
See below
Description

Parthenocissus quinquefolia is a deciduous, woody vine that is commonly called Virginia creeper or woodbine. It is native to eastern and central North America south to Mexico. It is typically located in open areas of ravines, valleys, rich woods, thickets, rocky bluffs, hillsides, and fencerows. This is a vigorous tendril-climbing vine that will rapidly grow to 30-50’ long or more. It needs no support because it clings to surfaces (e.g., brick, stone or wood walls) by adhesive holdfasts (also called sucker disks) located at the tendril ends. It also will creep along the ground as suggested by the common name.  Its bark is gray-brown with aerial roots and tendrils.  When rapidly growing, the aerial roots are bright orange-brown.

The Virginia creeper is easily grown in average, medium moisture, well-drained soils in full sun to part shade. It will tolerate full shade. Best fall color generally occurs in sunny locations. This is an easy-to-grow plant with good tolerance for a wide range of soils and urban conditions. It often needs little care but must be trimmed regularly to keep it in bounds. It should be sited in areas where it will have room to expand and grow. It should not be grown up wood or shingle walls because the holdfasts are difficult to remove. It can ruin painted surfaces. If unchecked, vines can also attach to and seriously damage such objects as gutters, shutters or wiring around homes and buildings.

Insects, Diseases, or Other Plant Problems:  Mildews, leaf spots, canker, and wilt are occasional problems for this plant. It is also susceptible to a number of insect pests including beetles, scale and leafhoppers.

HIGHLY TOXIC MAY BE FATAL IF EATEN!

 

Cultivars:
  • 'Engelmann Ivy'
  • 'Muroru'
Tags:
#deciduous#fall color#poisonous#native plants#salt tolerant#apvg#coastal#showy fruits#cpp#vines#deer resistant#ground cover
Cultivars:
  • 'Engelmann Ivy'
  • 'Muroru'
Tags:
#deciduous#fall color#poisonous#native plants#salt tolerant#apvg#coastal#showy fruits#cpp#vines#deer resistant#ground cover
  • Attributes:
    Genus:
    Parthenocissus
    Species:
    quinquefolia
    Family:
    Vitaceae
    Life Cycle:
    Woody
    Country Or Region Of Origin:
    USA, NC
    Distribution:
    eastern and central North America south to Mexico
    Wildlife Value:
    Its fruits are eaten by songbirds, squirrels, opossum, raccoons, and other mammals.
    Play Value:
    Wildlife Enhancement
    Particularly Resistant To (Insects/Diseases/Other Problems):
    Virginia creeper is pollution and salt tolerant, and moderately resistant to deer damage.
    Climbing Method:
    Tendrils
  • Whole Plant Traits:
    Plant Type:
    Ground Cover
    Native Plant
    Poisonous
    Vine
    Leaf Characteristics:
    Deciduous
    Habit/Form:
    Climbing
    Creeping
    Growth Rate:
    Rapid
    Texture:
    Coarse
  • Cultural Conditions:
    Light:
    Dappled Sunlight (Shade through upper canopy all day)
    Deep shade (Less than 2 hours to no direct sunlight)
    Full sun (6 or more hours of direct sunlight a day)
    Partial Shade (Direct sunlight only part of the day, 2-6 hours)
    Soil Drainage:
    Good Drainage
    NC Region:
    Coastal
    Mountains
    Piedmont
    Usda Plant Hardiness Zone:
    3a, 3b, 4a, 4b, 5a, 5b, 6a, 6b, 7a, 7b, 8a, 8b, 9a, 9b
  • Fruit:
    Fruit Color:
    Blue
    Purple/Lavender
    Fruit Value To Gardener:
    Showy
    Display/Harvest Time:
    Fall
    Summer
    Fruit Type:
    Berry
    Fruit Length:
    < 1 inch
    Fruit Width:
    < 1 inch
    Fruit Description:
    blue-black berries (to 3/8” diameter) are hidden by the foliage and are often not visible until autumn leaf drop
  • Flowers:
    Flower Color:
    Green
    White
    Flower Inflorescence:
    Insignificant
    Flower Bloom Time:
    Summer
    Flower Size:
    < 1 inch
    Flower Description:
    Greenish white flowers appear in late spring to early summer on the upper leaf axils of the Virginia creeper, but are generally hidden by the foliage and are ornamentally insignificant.
  • Leaves:
    Leaf Characteristics:
    Deciduous
    Leaf Color:
    Green
    Purple/Lavender
    Red/Burgundy
    Leaf Feel:
    Smooth
    Leaf Value To Gardener:
    Showy
    Deciduous Leaf Fall Color:
    Purple/Lavender
    Red/Burgundy
    Leaf Type:
    Compound (Pinnately , Bipinnately, Palmately)
    Leaf Arrangement:
    Alternate
    Hairs Present:
    No
    Leaf Length:
    3-6 inches
    Leaf Width:
    3-6 inches
    Leaf Description:
    The Virginia creeper has alternate, compound-palmate leaves (usually 5 saw-toothed leaflets, each leaflet to 6” long) that emerge purplish in spring, mature to dull green in summer and change to attractive shades of purple and crimson red in fall.
  • Bark:
    Bark Color:
    Light Brown
    Light Gray
    Bark Description:
    Gray-brown with aerial roots and tendrils
  • Stem:
    Stem Is Aromatic:
    No
  • Landscape:
    Landscape Location:
    Vertical Spaces
    Attracts:
    Songbirds
    Resistance To Challenges:
    Deer
    Pollution
    Salt
    Problems:
    Frequent Disease Problems
    Messy
    Weedy
  • Poison:
    Poison Severity:
    High
    Poison Symptoms:
    Nausea, abdominal pain, bloody vomiting, and diarrhea, dilated pupils, headache, sweating, weak pulse, drowsiness, twitching of the face
    Poison Toxic Principle:
    Oxalic acid and possibly others
    Causes Contact Dermatitis:
    No
    Poison Part:
    Fruits