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Akebia quinata

Phonetic Spelling
a-KEE-bee-uh kwi-NAY-tuh
This plant is an invasive species in North Carolina
Description

A deciduous to semi-evergreen twining woody vine with graceful palmately compound leaves.  They have five elliptic to oblong-ellptic leaflets that are bright green above and glaucous below.  It is very easy to grow in ordinary, well-drained soil.  Male and female vines produce fragrant chocolate-purple flowers on old wood, so prune after flowering.  Flowers are followed by a large sausage shaped purple fruit which split open in the fall to reveal edible white flesh and tiny black seeds.  It may be cut to the ground to rejuvenate a leggy plant.  It grows rapidly and can over take other shrubs and other vegetation in the landscape in not kept in check.

Seed:  Pod

Insects, Diseseses, and Other Plant Problems:  No serious insect or disease problems. Though not designated a noxious weed by the Federal Government, environmental groups consider this plant too invasive to plant where it can spread or reseed itself into natural areas and crowd out native plants.

 

Habit: Deciduous to semi-evergreen

Texture: Fine to medium

Exposure: Sun to moderate shade

Cultivars:
  • 'Alba'
  • 'Compacta'
  • 'Rosea'
  • 'Shirobara'
  • 'Variegata'
Tags:
#purple#fragrant#red#evergreen#sun#fruit#deciduous#birds#invasive#full sun#fragrant flowers#edible#spring#wildlife plant#purple flowers#red flowers#shade tolerant#weedy#climbing#spring flowers#rapid growth#playground#grows fast#purple flower#vines#twining#climbing vines#children's garden
Cultivars:
  • 'Alba'
  • 'Compacta'
  • 'Rosea'
  • 'Shirobara'
  • 'Variegata'
Tags:
#purple#fragrant#red#evergreen#sun#fruit#deciduous#birds#invasive#full sun#fragrant flowers#edible#spring#wildlife plant#purple flowers#red flowers#shade tolerant#weedy#climbing#spring flowers#rapid growth#playground#grows fast#purple flower#vines#twining#climbing vines#children's garden
  • Attributes:
    Genus:
    Akebia
    Species:
    quinata
    Life Cycle:
    Woody
    Wildlife Value:
    Birds eat the fruits.
    Play Value:
    Wildlife Enhancement
    Particularly Resistant To (Insects/Diseases/Other Problems):
    pests, diseases,
    Climbing Method:
    Twining
    Edibility:
    The inner white flesh of the fruit.
  • Whole Plant Traits:
    Plant Type:
    Edible
    Vine
    Leaf Characteristics:
    Deciduous
    Semi-evergreen
    Growth Rate:
    Rapid
    Texture:
    Medium
  • Cultural Conditions:
    Light:
    Full sun (6 or more hours of direct sunlight a day)
    Partial Shade (Direct sunlight only part of the day, 2-6 hours)
    Soil Drainage:
    Good Drainage
    Usda Plant Hardiness Zone:
    5a, 5b, 6a, 6b, 7a, 7b, 8a, 8b
  • Fruit:
    Fruit Color:
    Black
    White
    Display/Harvest Time:
    Fall
    Fruit Description:
    The inner white flesh of the fruit is edible. Seed is in a pod. Flowers are followed by a large sausage shaped purple fruit which split open in the fall to reveal edible white flesh and tiny black seeds.
  • Flowers:
    Flower Color:
    Brown/Copper
    Gold/Yellow
    Purple/Lavender
    Red/Burgundy
    Flower Value To Gardener:
    Fragrant
    Flower Bloom Time:
    Spring
    Flower Description:
    Small, reddish to purple, spicy, fragrant flowers in mid-spring. Male and female vines produce fragrant chocolate-purple flowers on old wood, so prune after flowering.
  • Leaves:
    Leaf Characteristics:
    Deciduous
    Semi-evergreen
    Leaf Color:
    Green
    Leaf Type:
    Compound (Pinnately , Bipinnately, Palmately)
    Leaf Shape:
    Elliptical
    Oblong
    Hairs Present:
    No
    Leaf Description:
    Palmately compound leaves that have five elliptic to oblong-ellptic leaflets that are bright green above and glaucous below.
  • Stem:
    Stem Is Aromatic:
    No
    Stem Description:
    It may be cut to the ground to rejuvenate a leggy plant.
  • Landscape:
    Landscape Theme:
    Children's Garden
    Design Feature:
    Edible
    Attracts:
    Songbirds
    Resistance To Challenges:
    Diseases
    Insect Pests
    Problems:
    Invasive Species