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Vitis rotundifolia

Common Name(s):

Description

The Vitis rotundifolia, commonly called the Muscadine Grape is a native, deciduous climbing vine unique to the American South.  Muscadine grapes are large and have a thick skin, but are good for eating and wine-making due to their sweet, pungent flavor.   

This plant needs a male and female or perfect flowering cultivar to produce fruit. 

Popular Cultivars

 

 

 

Cultivars:
  • Nesbitt
    Large, black, self-fertile, cold tolerant and in the top 5 fresh-eating cultivars in NC.
  • Summit
    Large, bronze, cold hardy, female in top 5 fresh cultivars recommended in NC
  • Supreme
    Very large, black, female in the top 5 fresh-eating cultivars in NC.
  • Tara
    Large, self-fertile, bronze in the top 5 fresh-eating cultivars in NC
  • Triumph
    Early ripening, self-fertile, bronze with red blush, in the top 5 fresh-eating cultivars
Tags:
#deciduous#fall color#edible fruit#edible#native plants#coastal#vines#edible landscaping
Cultivars:
  • Nesbitt
    Large, black, self-fertile, cold tolerant and in the top 5 fresh-eating cultivars in NC.
  • Summit
    Large, bronze, cold hardy, female in top 5 fresh cultivars recommended in NC
  • Supreme
    Very large, black, female in the top 5 fresh-eating cultivars in NC.
  • Tara
    Large, self-fertile, bronze in the top 5 fresh-eating cultivars in NC
  • Triumph
    Early ripening, self-fertile, bronze with red blush, in the top 5 fresh-eating cultivars
Tags:
#deciduous#fall color#edible fruit#edible#native plants#coastal#vines#edible landscaping
  • Attributes:
    Genus:
    Vitis
    Species:
    rotundifolia
    Family:
    Vitaceae
    Life Cycle:
    Woody
    Country Or Region Of Origin:
    Southern United States
    Wildlife Value:
    Its fruits are eaten by songbirds, ruffed grouse, wild turkeys, small mammals, squirrels, white-tailed deer, raccoons, foxes, and black bears. Thickets provide nesting cover for songbirds.
    Play Value:
    Wildlife Enhancement
    Particularly Resistant To (Insects/Diseases/Other Problems):
    This plant is moderately resistant to damage from deer.
    Climbing Method:
    Tendrils
    Twining
    Edibility:
    Fruit can be eaten fresh or is used to make wine and an assortment of jams, jellies, and other preserves.
  • Whole Plant Traits:
    Plant Type:
    Edible
    Native Plant
    Vine
    Leaf Characteristics:
    Deciduous
    Habit/Form:
    Climbing
    Spreading
    Growth Rate:
    Rapid
    Texture:
    Medium
  • Cultural Conditions:
    Light:
    Full sun (6 or more hours of direct sunlight a day)
    Partial Shade (Direct sunlight only part of the day, 2-6 hours)
    NC Region:
    Coastal
    Mountains
    Piedmont
    Usda Plant Hardiness Zone:
    6a, 6b, 7a, 7b, 8a, 8b
  • Fruit:
    Fruit Color:
    Black
    Brown/Copper
    Purple/Lavender
    Fruit Value To Gardener:
    Edible
    Fragrant
    Showy
    Display/Harvest Time:
    Fall
    Fruit Type:
    Berry
    Fruit Length:
    < 1 inch
    Fruit Width:
    < 1 inch
    Fruit Description:
    The vine produces 1/2 to 1 inch, dark purple or bronze, thick-skinned berry.
  • Flowers:
    Flower Color:
    Green
    White
    Flower Inflorescence:
    Panicle
    Flower Bloom Time:
    Summer
    Flower Size:
    < 1 inch
    Flower Description:
    The Muscadine Grape has small greenish-white flowers that mature in auxiliary panicles in the summer.
  • Leaves:
    Leaf Characteristics:
    Deciduous
    Leaf Color:
    Green
    Leaf Value To Gardener:
    Showy
    Deciduous Leaf Fall Color:
    Gold/Yellow
    Leaf Type:
    Simple
    Leaf Arrangement:
    Alternate
    Leaf Margin:
    Lobed
    Hairs Present:
    No
    Leaf Length:
    > 6 inches
    Leaf Width:
    > 6 inches
    Leaf Description:
    The leaves are alternate with 3 lobes and a coarsely toothed margin.
  • Bark:
    Bark Color:
    Dark Brown
    Green
    Bark Description:
    The bark is smooth and dark greenish-brown in young vines. As the vine ages, the bark turns dark brown in color and develops vertical grooves.
  • Stem:
    Stem Is Aromatic:
    No
  • Landscape:
    Landscape Location:
    Vertical Spaces
    Landscape Theme:
    Native Garden
    Attracts:
    Songbirds