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Vitis vinifera

Description

The common grape is native to Europe and Central Asia and is the kind of grape you are most likely to find in grocery stores.  The leaves are superficially similar to fig (Ficus carica) but can be distinguished based on the plant form and presence of tendrils.

 

VIDEO Created by Elisabeth Meyer for "Edibles, Bulbs, and Houseplants" a plant identification course offered in partnership with Longwood Gardens.   

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Cultivars / Varieties:
Tags:
#vines#woody vine#edible fruits#fruit#ebh-fn
 
Cultivars / Varieties:
Tags:
#vines#woody vine#edible fruits#fruit#ebh-fn
  • Attributes:
    Genus:
    Vitis
    Species:
    vinifera
    Family:
    Vitaceae
    Uses (Ethnobotany):
    Used in food and winemaking
    Life Cycle:
    Perennial
    Woody
    Climbing Method:
    Tendrils
    Edibility:
    Fruits edible raw, cooked, or dried to make raisins. Some cultivars are grown to be fermented and used to make wine and vinegar.
  • Whole Plant Traits:
    Plant Type:
    Edible
    Vine
    Woody Plant Leaf Characteristics:
    Deciduous
    Habit/Form:
    Climbing
    Appendage:
    Tendrils
  • Cultural Conditions:
    Light:
    Full sun (6 or more hours of direct sunlight a day)
    Available Space To Plant:
    6-feet-12 feet
    12-24 feet
    24-60 feet
  • Fruit:
    Fruit Color:
    Black
    Green
    Purple/Lavender
    Red/Burgundy
    Fruit Value To Gardener:
    Edible
    Fruit Type:
    Berry
    Fruit Length:
    < 1 inch
    Fruit Width:
    < 1 inch
    Fruit Description:
    Clusters of oval-shaped berries. Depending on the cultivar, they may be anywhere from green to red to deep purple in color. The skin surface has a glaucous coating. Some cultivars are bred to be seedless.
  • Flowers:
    Flower Color:
    Gold/Yellow
    Insignificant
    Flower Inflorescence:
    Panicle
    Flower Size:
    < 1 inch
    Flower Description:
    Pendulous clusters of tiny non-showy flowers.
  • Leaves:
    Woody Plant Leaf Characteristics:
    Deciduous
    Leaf Color:
    Green
    Leaf Type:
    Simple
    Leaf Arrangement:
    Alternate
    Leaf Margin:
    Dentate
    Lobed
    Hairs Present:
    Yes
    Leaf Length:
    3-6 inches
    Leaf Width:
    3-6 inches
    Leaf Description:
    Large palmately lobed leaves, 3-5 in long with defined teeth. Undersides may be slightly fuzzy. Tendrils at each node opposite the leaves.
  • Bark:
    Bark Color:
    Dark Brown
    Surface/Attachment:
    Peeling
    Bark Description:
    Peels off in fibrous strips.
  • Stem:
    Stem Color:
    Green
    Stem Is Aromatic:
    No
  • Landscape:
    Landscape Location:
    Vertical Spaces
    Landscape Theme:
    Edible Garden