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Sedum

Common Name(s):

Phonetic Spelling
SEE-dum
This plant has low severity poison characteristics.
See below
Description

Sedum is a succulent perennial herb with fleshy, flat or rounded leaves. The genus has over 300 species, though many have been moved to the genus Hylotelephium. It can be grown as a houseplant or interiorscape or landscape as a herbaceous perennial.  Most species need sun to part sun and well-drained soil. They can grow indoors with bright direct light from a window or grow light. Use a coarse, well-drained soil, preferably a cactus mix, and they tolerate rocky and poor soils well. The succulent leaves make them drought and dry soil tolerant. They can be damaged by deer.

The tall perennial species produce large clusters of flowers and can be used in borders or pollinator gardens. The low-growing species are generally grown for their foliage and spread by rooting stems and work great on a slope, rock garden, ground cover, hanging baskets, and even green roofs. Sedums withstand only light foot traffic.

Quick ID

  • Succulent plants, erect to decumbent
  • Leaves whorled or appearing whorled
  • Flowers small, clustered in compound cymes, star-shaped with 4-6 petals
  • Flowers may be yellow, white, or pink

 

VIDEO Created by Laura Barth for "Houseplants, Succulents, and Cacti", a plant identification course offered in partnership with Longwood Gardens.   

 

Profile Video:
See this plant in the following landscapes:
Juniper Level Botanic Gardens: Souto Sun Garden Juniper Level Botanic Gardens: Crevice Garden Wild Side- A Shady Garden Water Garden Gazing Ball Garden Coastal Shady Garden Xeriscape Dry Sun Garden Dry Stream Garden Backyard Planting Water Garden Gazing Ball Garden Juniper Level Botanic Gardens: Souto Sun Garden Fence Planter Dry Stream Garden Sun and Shade Demo Garden, Buncombe County Water Koi Pond Juniper Level Botanic Gardens: Crevice Garden Sea of Daylilies Pollinator Garden- Partial Shade Pollinator Garden- Full Sun Pollinator Garden- Partial Shade Backyard Patio Juniper Level Botanic Gardens: Parking Lot Berms Backyard Planting Juniper Level Botanic Gardens: Greenhouse Beds
Cultivars / Varieties:
'Birthday Party', 'Matrona', 'October Sunset', S. acre, S. album, S. lineare, S. makinoi, S. mexicanum 'Lemon Coral', S. morganianum, S. rupestre 'Angelina', S. sarmentosum, S. ternatum, S. tetractinum, SunSparkler® Series, 'Touchdown Teak'
Tags:
#evergreen#deciduous#poisonous#full sun tolerant#heat tolerant#houseplant#drought tolerant#perennials#semi-evergreen#succulent#easy to grow#wildlife plant#nectar plant#colorful leaves#low maintenance#green roof#fall interest#rabbit resistant#playground#hanging baskets#cpp#well-drained soil#children's garden#groundcover#slug resistant#pollinator plant#fantz#poor soils tolerant#bird friendly#dry soils tolerant#partial shade tolerant#shallow soil tolerant#container plants#easy to grow houseplant#hsc#hsc-s
 
Cultivars / Varieties:
'Birthday Party', 'Matrona', 'October Sunset', S. acre, S. album, S. lineare, S. makinoi, S. mexicanum 'Lemon Coral', S. morganianum, S. rupestre 'Angelina', S. sarmentosum, S. ternatum, S. tetractinum, SunSparkler® Series, 'Touchdown Teak'
Tags:
#evergreen#deciduous#poisonous#full sun tolerant#heat tolerant#houseplant#drought tolerant#perennials#semi-evergreen#succulent#easy to grow#wildlife plant#nectar plant#colorful leaves#low maintenance#green roof#fall interest#rabbit resistant#playground#hanging baskets#cpp#well-drained soil#children's garden#groundcover#slug resistant#pollinator plant#fantz#poor soils tolerant#bird friendly#dry soils tolerant#partial shade tolerant#shallow soil tolerant#container plants#easy to grow houseplant#hsc#hsc-s
  • Attributes:
    Genus:
    Sedum
    Family:
    Crassulaceae
    Life Cycle:
    Perennial
    Recommended Propagation Strategy:
    Leaf Cutting
    Seed
    Stem Cutting
    Country Or Region Of Origin:
    Europe, Turkey, Northern Africa
    Wildlife Value:
    Bees enjoy the nectar. Birds enjoy the seeds.
    Play Value:
    Attractive Flowers
    Attracts Pollinators
    Textural
    Edibility:
    The stems and leaves can be eaten raw when very young and tender.  Later, until they flower, they may be eaten after briefly cooking.
    Dimensions:
    Height: 0 ft. 3 in. - 2 ft. 0 in.
    Width: 2 ft. 0 in. - 3 ft. 0 in.
  • Whole Plant Traits:
    Plant Type:
    Ground Cover
    Houseplant
    Perennial
    Poisonous
    Succulent
    Woody Plant Leaf Characteristics:
    Broadleaf Evergreen
    Deciduous
    Habit/Form:
    Erect
    Horizontal
    Spreading
    Growth Rate:
    Slow
    Maintenance:
    Low
    Medium
    Texture:
    Medium
  • Cultural Conditions:
    Light:
    Full sun (6 or more hours of direct sunlight a day)
    Partial Shade (Direct sunlight only part of the day, 2-6 hours)
    Soil Texture:
    Loam (Silt)
    Sand
    Shallow Rocky
    Soil Drainage:
    Good Drainage
    Occasionally Dry
    Very Dry
    NC Region:
    Coastal
    Mountains
    Piedmont
    USDA Plant Hardiness Zone:
    3b, 3a, 4a, 4b, 5b, 5a, 6b, 6a, 7b, 7a, 8b, 8a
  • Fruit:
    Fruit Type:
    Capsule
  • Flowers:
    Flower Color:
    Gold/Yellow
    Green
    Orange
    Pink
    Purple/Lavender
    Red/Burgundy
    White
    Flower Inflorescence:
    Cyme
    Flower Value To Gardener:
    Showy
    Flower Bloom Time:
    Fall
    Spring
    Summer
    Flower Shape:
    Star
    Flower Petals:
    4-5 petals/rays
    Flower Size:
    < 1 inch
    Flower Description:
    The flowers usually have 4-6 petals. There are typically twice as many stamens as petals. They are general in cymes and star-shaped. Varies per species.
  • Leaves:
    Woody Plant Leaf Characteristics:
    Broadleaf Evergreen
    Deciduous
    Leaf Color:
    Green
    Leaf Feel:
    Fleshy
    Leaf Value To Gardener:
    Showy
    Leaf Type:
    Simple
    Leaf Arrangement:
    Alternate
    Opposite
    Whorled
    Leaf Shape:
    Linear
    Hairs Present:
    No
    Leaf Description:
    Leaves are fleshy, flat to terete, opposite to whorled, or alternate; variable in shape, size, and teeth by species.
  • Stem:
    Stem Is Aromatic:
    No
    Stem Surface:
    Covered with a powdery bloom (glaucous)
    Stem Description:
    Stems are erect, decumbent, or tufted, usually more or less glaucous and fleshy.
  • Landscape:
    Landscape Location:
    Container
    Hanging Baskets
    Houseplants
    Recreational Play Area
    Slope/Bank
    Small Space
    Walkways
    Landscape Theme:
    Butterfly Garden
    Children's Garden
    Drought Tolerant Garden
    Pollinator Garden
    Design Feature:
    Border
    Small groups
    Attracts:
    Bees
    Butterflies
    Pollinators
    Songbirds
    Resistance To Challenges:
    Drought
    Dry Soil
    Foot Traffic
    Heat
    Poor Soil
    Problems:
    Poisonous to Humans
  • Poisonous to Humans:
    Poison Severity:
    Low
    Poison Symptoms:
    Unknown, but possibly gastrointestinal symptoms
    Poison Toxic Principle:
    Alkaloids sedine, sedamine
    Causes Contact Dermatitis:
    No
    Poison Part:
    Flowers
    Fruits
    Leaves
    Roots
    Sap/Juice
    Seeds
    Stems