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Similar but less problematic plants:
Quercus hemisphaerica Form
Quercus virginiana is often confused with:
Quercus geminata Quercus geminata
Plants that fill a similar niche:
Juniperus virginiana Juniperus virginiana
Persea borbonia Persea borbonia
Pinus taeda Pinus taeda

Quercus virginiana

Common Name(s):

Phonetic Spelling
KWER-kus vir-jin-ee-AN-uh
This plant has low severity poison characteristics.
See below
Description

Live Oak is an evergreen tree that may grow 50 to 70 feet tall. The tree has alternate leaves with smooth or spiny margins and pale, hairy undersides. The bark in young trees is characterized by red-brown furrows with small surface scales. As the tree ages, the bark becomes black and very blocky. In spring, cylindrical, male flowers and female spikes mature. The tree produces a 3/4-inch acorn with a warty cap that covers about 1/3 of the nut. The acorn requires one growing season to reach maturity.

Fire Risk: This plant has a high flammability rating and should not be planted within the defensible space of your home. Select plants with a low flammability rating for the sites nearest your home. 

Insects, Diseases, and Other Plant Problems: This is a relatively problem-free tree.  Insect galls may damage foliage appearance but do not affect the health of the tree.  Root rot and oak wilt can be a problem.

Cultivars / Varieties:
Tags:
#butterflies#sun#birds#shade tree#bark#specimen#wildlife plant#native tree#salt tolerant#cover plant#winter interest#host plant#park#host#lawn#coastal#wet sites#food source#fire#high flammability#NC native#deer resistant#oak tree#Braham Arboretum#larval host plant#cover#food source fall
 
Cultivars / Varieties:
Tags:
#butterflies#sun#birds#shade tree#bark#specimen#wildlife plant#native tree#salt tolerant#cover plant#winter interest#host plant#park#host#lawn#coastal#wet sites#food source#fire#high flammability#NC native#deer resistant#oak tree#Braham Arboretum#larval host plant#cover#food source fall
  • Attributes:
    Genus:
    Quercus
    Species:
    virginiana
    Family:
    Fagaceae
    Uses (Ethnobotany):
    The wood is used for barrels, veneer, cabinetry, furniture, interior trim, and flooring and also has been used for pulp and firewood. It was used in ship construction especially in the 18th and 19th centuries.
    Life Cycle:
    Perennial
    Woody
    Recommended Propagation Strategy:
    Seed
    Country Or Region Of Origin:
    Southeastern United States, Mexico
    Distribution:
    SE Coastal Plain of United States, from Southeastern Virginia southward to Florida, and westward to eastern Texas, and introduced to Utah.
    Fire Risk Rating:
    high flammability
    Wildlife Value:
    The Live oak is a host plant for the Banded Hairstreak, Edward's Hairstreak, Grey Hairstreak, White-M Hairstreak, Horace's Duskywing, and Juvanals Duskywing butterflys.  It's acorn are eaten by woodpeckers, blue jays, small mammals, wild turkeys and ducks.
    Play Value:
    Wildlife Food Source
    Particularly Resistant To (Insects/Diseases/Other Problems):
    This tree is resistant to damage by deer.
    Edibility:
    Acorns can be eaten after the tannin has been leached or boiled out.
    Dimensions:
    Height: 50 ft. 0 in. - 70 ft. 0 in.
    Width: 60 ft. 0 in. - 100 ft. 0 in.
  • Whole Plant Traits:
    Plant Type:
    Native Plant
    Poisonous
    Tree
    Leaf Characteristics:
    Broadleaf Evergreen
    Habit/Form:
    Rounded
    Spreading
    Growth Rate:
    Medium
    Maintenance:
    Medium
    Texture:
    Medium
  • Cultural Conditions:
    Light:
    Full sun (6 or more hours of direct sunlight a day)
    Soil Texture:
    Clay
    Loam (Silt)
    Sand
    Soil pH:
    Acid (<6.0)
    Neutral (6.0-8.0)
    Soil Drainage:
    Good Drainage
    Occasionally Dry
    Available Space To Plant:
    more than 60 feet
    NC Region:
    Coastal
    Usda Plant Hardiness Zone:
    8a, 8b, 9a, 9b, 10a, 10b
  • Fruit:
    Fruit Color:
    Black
    Brown/Copper
    Gold/Yellow
    Display/Harvest Time:
    Fall
    Fruit Type:
    Nut
    Fruit Length:
    < 1 inch
    Fruit Width:
    < 1 inch
    Fruit Description:
    0.6- 1-inch egg-shaped acorns are produced singly or in up to clusters of 5 and have bowl-shaped caps with tiny sharp-pointed scales. Nut is long, barrel-or egg-shaped and dark-brown to black
  • Flowers:
    Flower Color:
    Gold/Yellow
    Green
    Flower Inflorescence:
    Catkin
    Insignificant
    Flower Bloom Time:
    Spring
    Flower Description:
    The male flowers are drooping, elongated clusters with 1 to 5 on a stalk.
  • Leaves:
    Leaf Characteristics:
    Broadleaf Evergreen
    Leaf Color:
    Green
    Leaf Feel:
    Glossy
    Leathery
    Leaf Type:
    Simple
    Leaf Arrangement:
    Alternate
    Leaf Shape:
    Elliptical
    Ovate
    Leaf Margin:
    Crenate
    Entire
    Hairs Present:
    Yes
    Leaf Length:
    1-3 inches
    Leaf Width:
    < 1 inch
    Leaf Description:
    The thick leaves are 1.4 to 3.5 inches long and 0.8-1.5 inches wide, shiny on the upper surface and pale with short hairs underneath. They are rounded to oblong, mostly without teeth but new growth and juvenile trees will have toothed margins. The leaves last into winter. Leaves are thickened and shiny on surface and are 1.4-3.5 inches long and 0.8 - 1.5 inches wide. Underneath is pale with short hairs but lack hairs in shade grown leaves.
  • Bark:
    Bark Color:
    Black
    Dark Brown
    Red/Burgundy
    Surface/Attachment:
    Scaly
    Bark Description:
    The bark is gray, very dark brown, to black and scaly to blocky.
  • Stem:
    Stem Is Aromatic:
    No
    Stem Description:
    Young twigs are tan to pale gray and covered in short hairs. Becomes darker and nearly smooth in the second year
  • Landscape:
    Landscape Location:
    Coastal
    Lawn
    Naturalized Area
    Design Feature:
    Shade Tree
    Specimen
    Attracts:
    Butterflies
    Songbirds
    Resistance To Challenges:
    Deer
    Salt
    Wet Soil
  • Poisonous to Humans:
    Poison Severity:
    Low
    Poison Symptoms:
    Stomach pain, constipation and later bloody diarrhea, excessive thirst and urination if the young leaves or raw acorns are eaten.
    Poison Toxic Principle:
    Gallotannins, quercitrin, and quercitin.
    Causes Contact Dermatitis:
    No
    Poison Part:
    Leaves
    Seeds