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Quercus geminata

Common Name(s):

Description

Sand live oak is an evergreen rhizomatous shrub or medium tree which is low maintenance and very drought tolerant. They grow as shrubs in the sand pine scrub habitat, and as somewhat larger trees in the high pine habitat. It is highly salt tolerant. The smaller size makes it a desirable landscape tree for smaller properties.

 

 

 

Cultivars:
Tags:
#evergreen#small tree#small spaces#shrub#wildlife plant#salt tolerant#food source#acorns
Cultivars:
Tags:
#evergreen#small tree#small spaces#shrub#wildlife plant#salt tolerant#food source#acorns
  • Attributes:
    Genus:
    Quercus
    Species:
    geminata
    Life Cycle:
    Perennial
    Woody
    Recommended Propagation Strategy:
    Seed
    Country Or Region Of Origin:
    Southeast US
    Distribution:
    AL , FL , GA , LA , MS , NC , SC
    Wildlife Value:
    Acorns are an important food source for mammals.
    Dimensions:
    Height: 15 ft. 0 in. - 30 ft. 0 in.
    Width: 10 ft. 0 in. - 15 ft. 0 in.
  • Whole Plant Traits:
    Plant Type:
    Shrub
    Tree
    Leaf Characteristics:
    Broadleaf Evergreen
    Habit/Form:
    Multi-stemmed
    Open
    Growth Rate:
    Slow
    Maintenance:
    Low
    Texture:
    Coarse
  • Cultural Conditions:
    Light:
    Full sun (6 or more hours of direct sunlight a day)
    Soil Texture:
    Sand
    Soil pH:
    Acid (<6.0)
    Neutral (6.0-8.0)
    Soil Drainage:
    Good Drainage
    Occasionally Wet
    Available Space To Plant:
    12-24 feet
    NC Region:
    Coastal
    Usda Plant Hardiness Zone:
    7a, 7b, 8a, 8b, 9a, 9b, 10a, 10b
  • Fruit:
    Fruit Color:
    Brown/Copper
    Display/Harvest Time:
    Fall
    Fruit Type:
    Nut
    Fruit Length:
    < 1 inch
    Fruit Width:
    < 1 inch
    Fruit Description:
    Acorns are dark brown and egg-shaped and range from 5/8 to 1 inch long with 1/3 of the nut enclosed in a scaly, light grey cup. Appear in groups of 1 to 3 in the fall.
  • Flowers:
    Flower Inflorescence:
    Catkin
    Insignificant
    Flower Bloom Time:
    Spring
    Flower Description:
    Insignificant
  • Leaves:
    Leaf Characteristics:
    Broadleaf Evergreen
    Leaf Color:
    Green
    Leaf Feel:
    Fleshy
    Leaf Type:
    Simple
    Leaf Arrangement:
    Alternate
    Leaf Shape:
    Elliptical
    Leaf Margin:
    Entire
    Hairs Present:
    Yes
    Leaf Length:
    1-3 inches
    Leaf Description:
    The thick, leathery leaves range from 1½ to 2½ inches long. They have coarse veins that are deeply pressed into the leaf surface, and smooth margins that are, in many cases, inwardly curling. The upper surface of the leaf is dark green and the underside is a dull grey to almost whitish color with sparse to copious pubescence or hairs.
  • Bark:
    Bark Color:
    Black
    Dark Brown
    Bark Description:
    dark brown or black with scaly plates and fissures
  • Stem:
    Stem Is Aromatic:
    No
  • Landscape:
    Landscape Location:
    Coastal
    Lawn
    Naturalized Area
    Slope/Bank
    Landscape Theme:
    Drought Tolerant Garden
    Native Garden
    Design Feature:
    Accent
    Small groups
    Specimen
    Resistance To Challenges:
    Salt
    Wind