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Quercus minima

Common Name(s):

Phonetic Spelling
KWER-kus MIN-eh-muh
This plant has low severity poison characteristics.
See below
Description

Dwarf Live Oak is a tardily deciduous shrub native to the pine forests and coastal sandhills of the southeastern U.S.A. It spreads by rhizomes and seeds and can form dense colonies in its native habitat. It grows to about 3 feet high with a wider spread and produces acorns like the big trees. Wildlife utilizes this shrub for food and shelter.

Dwarf Live Oak prefers a sunny location in well-drained sandy soil. It is drought tolerant but not salt tolerant. This shrub is rarely used in home landscaping but could be utilized as a groundcover for natural landscapes and is used in habitat restorations.
 

See this plant in the following landscape:
Cultivars / Varieties:
Tags:
#sun#showy flowers#full sun#partial shade#drought tolerant#shrub#semi-evergreen#wildlife plant#partial sun#native tree#moths#native shrub#spring flowers#dwarf#small mammals#moist soil#NC native#flowering shrub#full sunlight#acorns#nighttime garden#small and large mammals#fire resistant#sunshine#spring interest#larval host plant#food source fall#sandhills#food source herbage#coastal FAC#Piedmont Mountains FAC#sandy soils tolerant#fruits#bird friendly#food source hard mast fruit#butterfly friendly#butterfly larvae#fruits early fall#larval host tree#pollinator garden#problem for horses#audubon#moth larva#banded hairstreak butterfly#gray hairstreak butterfly#imperial moth#juvenal’s duskywing butterfly#edward’s hairstreak butterfly#white-m hairstreak butterfly#horace’s duskywing butterfly
 
Cultivars / Varieties:
Tags:
#sun#showy flowers#full sun#partial shade#drought tolerant#shrub#semi-evergreen#wildlife plant#partial sun#native tree#moths#native shrub#spring flowers#dwarf#small mammals#moist soil#NC native#flowering shrub#full sunlight#acorns#nighttime garden#small and large mammals#fire resistant#sunshine#spring interest#larval host plant#food source fall#sandhills#food source herbage#coastal FAC#Piedmont Mountains FAC#sandy soils tolerant#fruits#bird friendly#food source hard mast fruit#butterfly friendly#butterfly larvae#fruits early fall#larval host tree#pollinator garden#problem for horses#audubon#moth larva#banded hairstreak butterfly#gray hairstreak butterfly#imperial moth#juvenal’s duskywing butterfly#edward’s hairstreak butterfly#white-m hairstreak butterfly#horace’s duskywing butterfly
  • Attributes:
    Genus:
    Quercus
    Species:
    minima
    Family:
    Fagaceae
    Life Cycle:
    Woody
    Recommended Propagation Strategy:
    Layering
    Root Cutting
    Seed
    Country Or Region Of Origin:
    SE USA
    Distribution:
    AL , FL , GA , LA , MS , NC , TX
    Fire Risk Rating:
    low flammability
    Wildlife Value:
    Oak trees support a wide variety of Lepidopteran. You may see Imperial Moth (Eacles imperialis) larvae which have one brood per season and appear from April-October in the south. Adult Imperial Moths do not feed. Banded Hairstreak (Satyrium calanus), which have one flight from June-August everywhere but Florida where they emerge April-May. Edward's Hairstreak (Satyrium edwardsii), has one flight from May-July in the south and June-July in the north. Gray Hairstreak (Strymon melinus), has three to four flights in the south from February-November and two flights in the north from May-September. White-M Hairstreak (Parrhasius m-album) has three broods in the north from February-October. Horace’s Duskywing (Erynnis horatius) has three broods in Texas and the deep south from January-November, and two broods in the north from April-September. Juvenal’s Duskywing (Erynnis juvenalis) has one brood from April-June, appearing as early as January in Florida. Birds and small mammals use the nuts from this tree as a food source.
    Play Value:
    Wildlife Food Source
    Wildlife Larval Host
    Particularly Resistant To (Insects/Diseases/Other Problems):
    Particularly resistant to drought and fire in the landscape.
    Dimensions:
    Height: 2 ft. 0 in. - 3 ft. 0 in.
    Width: 3 ft. 0 in. - 6 ft. 0 in.
  • Whole Plant Traits:
    Plant Type:
    Native Plant
    Shrub
    Woody Plant Leaf Characteristics:
    Semi-evergreen
  • Cultural Conditions:
    Light:
    Full sun (6 or more hours of direct sunlight a day)
    Partial Shade (Direct sunlight only part of the day, 2-6 hours)
    Soil Texture:
    Sand
    Soil Drainage:
    Good Drainage
    Occasionally Dry
    NC Region:
    Coastal
    USDA Plant Hardiness Zone:
    7b, 7a, 8b, 8a, 9b, 9a, 10b, 10a
  • Fruit:
    Fruit Color:
    Brown/Copper
    Display/Harvest Time:
    Fall
    Fruit Type:
    Nut
    Fruit Length:
    < 1 inch
    Fruit Width:
    < 1 inch
    Fruit Description:
    Pale brown acorn about 2/3" long. Cup has gray scales and covers 1/2 of the nut.
  • Flowers:
    Flower Color:
    Gold/Yellow
    Green
    Flower Bloom Time:
    Spring
    Flower Description:
    Male catkins are yellow-green.
  • Leaves:
    Woody Plant Leaf Characteristics:
    Semi-evergreen
    Leaf Color:
    Green
    Leaf Type:
    Simple
    Leaf Arrangement:
    Alternate
    Leaf Shape:
    Oblanceolate
    Obovate
    Leaf Margin:
    Entire
    Lobed
    Hairs Present:
    No
    Leaf Length:
    3-6 inches
    Leaf Width:
    1-3 inches
    Leaf Description:
    Leaves are alternate, 3-5 inches long, and toothless or with irregular teeth or lobes. Lobes, when present, are usually spine-tipped. Base cuneate, apex acute to rounded. Leaves persist through winter then drop off prior to new leaves forming. Undersides light green and glaucous.
  • Bark:
    Bark Color:
    Light Brown
    Light Gray
    Bark Description:
    Smooth, brown to light gray
  • Stem:
    Stem Color:
    Gray/Silver
    Stem Is Aromatic:
    No
    Stem Surface:
    Smooth (glabrous)
    Stem Description:
    Light gray, smooth twigs in the second year. Small roundish bud, dark brown to grayish-brown scales.
  • Landscape:
    Landscape Location:
    Coastal
    Container
    Naturalized Area
    Pond
    Woodland
    Landscape Theme:
    Butterfly Garden
    Cutting Garden
    Drought Tolerant Garden
    Nighttime Garden
    Pollinator Garden
    Winter Garden
    Attracts:
    Butterflies
    Moths
    Pollinators
    Small Mammals
    Songbirds
    Resistance To Challenges:
    Drought
    Fire
    Problems:
    Problem for Horses
  • Poisonous to Humans:
    Poison Severity:
    Low
    Poison Symptoms:
    Stomach pain, constipation and later bloody diarrhea, excessive thirst and urination if uncooked leaves or fruit are eaten.
    Poison Toxic Principle:
    Gallotannins, quercitrin, and quercitin
    Causes Contact Dermatitis:
    No
    Poison Part:
    Fruits
    Leaves