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Illicium floridanum

Common Name(s):
Florida anise tree
Cultivar(s):
'Alba', 'Halley's Comet', 'Semnes'
Categories:
Shrubs, Trees
Comment:

An attractive evergreen shrub in the Schisandraceae family, native to Florida.  It has fragrant foliage when leaves are crushed.  Both the foliage and fruit are poisonous to livestock. Spreads by root suckers. Tolerates heavy shade, erosion and wet planting sites.  It is not cold hardy.  Would be ideal in a rain garden or allowed to naturalize.  This is a great evergreen shrub for moist, shady locations th leaves may discolor in sun or if exposed to harsh winds 

Seasons of Interest:

Foliage: Evergreen   Bloom: Spring, April-May

Wildlife Value: This plant is resistant to damage by deer.

Insects, Diseases, and Other Plant Problems: No serious insect or disease problems.

Compare this Plant to: I. parviflorum

Height:
5-8 ft.
Foliage:
Alternate, simple, lustrous to dull, dark green leaves; 2-6 in. long; fragrant like anise when crushed
Flower:
Fragrant in an unpleasant way, showy 2" red blooms with 20-30 strap-shaped petals that nod on the end of stems. Bloom in the spring April-May followed by a star-shaped fruit.
Zones:
7-10
Habit:
Evergreen
Site:
Partial shade to shade; prefers moist, well-drained soil high in organic matter
Texture:
Medium
Form:
Upright; much-branched shrub; open, loose
Width:
6-8 ft.
Tags:
naturalize, heavy shade, erosion, wet soil, wet sites, fragrant leaves, fragrant, fragrant blooms, rain garden, wet, evergreen

NCCES plant id: 1596

Illicum floridanum Flower
Scott Zona, CC BY-NC-2.0
Illicum floridanum Flower and leaves
Scott Zona, CC BY-NC-2.0
Illicum floridanum Illicum floridanum
peganum, CC-BY-SA-2.0
Illicum floridanum Illicum floridanum
peganum, CC-BY-SA-2.0
Illicum floridanum Illicum floridanum
peganum, CC-BY-SA-2.0
Illicum floridanum Immature fruit
David Hill, CC BY - 2.0