Plant DetailShow Menu

Eriobotrya japonica

Phonetic Spelling
er-ee-oh-boh-TRY-ah jah-PON-ih-kah
This plant has low severity poison characteristics.
See below
Description

A tropical evergreen shrub or tree with alternate, simple leaves which are leathery, veiny, and toothed. The top of the leaf is smooth while the bottom is downy, with short hairs. Flowers are small, white to whitish-pink, 5-parted; fruit fleshy, and yellow.

The plant usually does not fruit in NC due to its cold sensitivity. If temperature falls below 28 degrees F, blooms or fruit likely will not survive. The tree itself can survive in temps down to about 10 degrees F.

The tree is an accent or screening plant which attracts hummingbirds and bees. This plant is resistant to damage by deer and is moderately salt tolerant. It is native to China and Japan, Its leaf texture has winer inerest. 

Fruit flesh is edible raw or in jams and jellies.  A low risk for poison exists if one cracks multiple seeds and eats them. The risk is from the kernal pit inside the seed. Large quantitiies of cracked seeds would need to be eaten for toxicity to occur. See symptoms below and seek medical help if such .

Fire blight can be troublesome on this tree. The bacterium that causes fire blight, Erwinia amylovora, is spread by rain and insects, such as bees, ants, flies, aphids, and beetles.

Cultivars:
Tags:
#fragrant#hummingbirds#evergreen#fall flowers#edible#wildlife plant#salt tolerant#playground#cpp#children's garden#yellow fruits
Cultivars:
Tags:
#fragrant#hummingbirds#evergreen#fall flowers#edible#wildlife plant#salt tolerant#playground#cpp#children's garden#yellow fruits
  • Attributes:
    Genus:
    Eriobotrya
    Species:
    japonica
    Family:
    Rosaceae
    Recommended Propagation Strategy:
    Stem Cutting
    Country Or Region Of Origin:
    Asia: China, Japan
    Distribution:
    Tropical or subtropical areas
    Play Value:
    Buffer
    Wildlife Enhancement
    Wind Screen
    Edibility:
    Fruit flesh
    Dimensions:
    Height: 10 ft. 0 in. - 25 ft. 0 in.
    Width: 8 ft. 0 in. - 10 ft. 0 in.
  • Whole Plant Traits:
    Plant Type:
    Poisonous
    Tree
    Leaf Characteristics:
    Broadleaf Evergreen
    Habit/Form:
    Ascending
    Growth Rate:
    Rapid
  • Cultural Conditions:
    Light:
    Full sun (6 or more hours of direct sunlight a day)
    Partial Shade (Direct sunlight only part of the day, 2-6 hours)
    Soil Texture:
    Loam (Silt)
    Soil Drainage:
    Good Drainage
    Usda Plant Hardiness Zone:
    8a, 8b, 9a, 9b, 10a, 10b
  • Fruit:
    Fruit Color:
    Gold/Yellow
    Orange
    Fruit Value To Gardener:
    Edible
    Display/Harvest Time:
    Spring
    Fruit Type:
    Pome
    Fruit Length:
    1-3 inches
    Fruit Width:
    1-3 inches
    Fruit Description:
    Pear shaped, 1-2 inches
  • Flowers:
    Flower Color:
    White
    Flower Inflorescence:
    Panicle
    Flower Value To Gardener:
    Fragrant
    Flower Bloom Time:
    Fall
    Winter
    Flower Petals:
    4-5 petals/rays
    Flower Size:
    < 1 inch
    Flower Description:
    Showy, Fragrant
  • Leaves:
    Leaf Characteristics:
    Broadleaf Evergreen
    Leaf Color:
    Green
    Leaf Feel:
    Leathery
    Prickly
    Leaf Type:
    Simple
    Leaf Arrangement:
    Alternate
    Whorled
    Leaf Shape:
    Elliptical
    Lanceolate
    Leaf Margin:
    Entire
    Serrate
    Hairs Present:
    Yes
    Leaf Length:
    > 6 inches
    Leaf Width:
    3-6 inches
    Leaf Description:
    Wrinkled, dark green
  • Stem:
    Stem Is Aromatic:
    No
  • Landscape:
    Landscape Location:
    Lawn
    Landscape Theme:
    Children's Garden
    Drought Tolerant Garden
    Pollinator Garden
    Winter Garden
    Design Feature:
    Accent
    Edible
    Screen/Privacy
    Specimen
    Attracts:
    Bees
    Hummingbirds
    Resistance To Challenges:
    Deer
    Drought
    Salt
    Problems:
    Poisonous
  • Poison:
    Poison Severity:
    Low
    Poison Symptoms:
    If large quantities of cracked seed pits are eaten: weakness, vomiting, labored breathing, twitching, stupor, convulsions
    Poison Toxic Principle:
    Cyanogenic glycoside
    Causes Contact Dermatitis:
    No
    Poison Part:
    Seeds