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Tree of Heaven Ailanthus altissima

Phonetic Spelling
ay-LAN-thus al-TISS-ih-muh
This plant is an invasive species in North Carolina
Description

Invasive exotic tree to the southeast; will grow almost anywhere; reseeds; not native but has naturalized; spreads by suckers.  

Cultivars:
Tags:
#red#sun#deciduous#yellow#invasive#full sun#partial shade#weedy#tree#air pollution tolerant#self seeding#poor soil#urban conditions
Cultivars:
Tags:
#red#sun#deciduous#yellow#invasive#full sun#partial shade#weedy#tree#air pollution tolerant#self seeding#poor soil#urban conditions
  • Attributes:
    Genus:
    Ailanthus
    Species:
    altissima
    Family:
    Simaroubaceae
    Life Cycle:
    Woody
    Dimensions:
    Height: 40 ft. 0 in. - 60 ft. 0 in.
    Width: 15 ft. 0 in. - 30 ft. 0 in.
  • Whole Plant Traits:
    Plant Type:
    Tree
    Leaf Characteristics:
    Deciduous
    Growth Rate:
    Rapid
    Texture:
    Medium
  • Cultural Conditions:
    Light:
    Full sun (6 or more hours of direct sunlight a day)
    Partial Shade (Direct sunlight only part of the day, 2-6 hours)
    Soil pH:
    Acid (<6.0)
    Alkaline (>8.0)
    Neutral (6.0-8.0)
    Usda Plant Hardiness Zone:
    4a, 4b, 5a, 5b, 6a, 6b, 7a, 7b, 8a, 8b
  • Fruit:
    Fruit Color:
    Brown/Copper
    Red/Burgundy
    Fruit Description:
    large drooping clusters of reddish brown winged seed
  • Flowers:
    Flower Color:
    Brown/Copper
    Gold/Yellow
    Green
    Flower Description:
    Non-showy yellow-green flowers; female trees develop large drooping clusters of reddish brown winged seed
  • Leaves:
    Leaf Characteristics:
    Deciduous
    Leaf Color:
    Green
    Leaf Type:
    Compound (Pinnately , Bipinnately, Palmately)
    Leaf Arrangement:
    Alternate
    Leaf Shape:
    Elliptical
    Leaf Margin:
    Serrate
    Hairs Present:
    No
    Leaf Length:
    > 6 inches
    Leaf Width:
    > 6 inches
    Leaf Description:
    18 to 24 in. pinnately compound leaves; non-showy fall color.
  • Stem:
    Stem Is Aromatic:
    No
  • Landscape:
    Resistance To Challenges:
    Pollution
    Poor Soil
    Urban Conditions
    Problems:
    Invasive Species
    Weedy