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Gymnocladus dioicus

Phonetic Spelling
jim-noh-KLAY-dus dye-oh-EE-kus
This plant has low severity poison characteristics.
See below
Description

Sun; moist, well-drained soil but tolerates a range of soil types; Select male plants to avoid seed pods; good dependable city tree; slow to moderate grower; brittle wood and rough bark; drought and air pollution tolerant

Cultivars / Varieties:
Tags:
#sun#deciduous#poisonous#drought tolerant#air pollution tolerant#street tree
 
Cultivars / Varieties:
Tags:
#sun#deciduous#poisonous#drought tolerant#air pollution tolerant#street tree
  • Attributes:
    Genus:
    Gymnocladus
    Species:
    dioicus
    Family:
    Fabaceae
    Life Cycle:
    Woody
    Country Or Region Of Origin:
    USA
    Edibility:
    Seeds, roasted and ground, can be used as a substitute for coffee; does not have caffeine.
    Dimensions:
    Height: 60 ft. 0 in. - 75 ft. 0 in.
    Width: 40 ft. 0 in. - 50 ft. 0 in.
  • Whole Plant Traits:
    Plant Type:
    Edible
    Poisonous
    Tree
    Leaf Characteristics:
    Deciduous
    Habit/Form:
    Ascending
    Horizontal
    Open
    Growth Rate:
    Slow
    Texture:
    Coarse
  • Cultural Conditions:
    Light:
    Full sun (6 or more hours of direct sunlight a day)
    Soil Texture:
    Clay
    High Organic Matter
    Loam (Silt)
    Sand
    Soil Drainage:
    Good Drainage
    Available Space To Plant:
    24-60 feet
    Usda Plant Hardiness Zone:
    3a, 3b, 4a, 4b, 5a, 5b, 6a, 6b, 7a, 7b, 8a, 8b
  • Fruit:
    Fruit Color:
    Black
    Brown/Copper
    Fruit Type:
    Capsule
    Fruit Description:
    Female trees develop fruit; a flat black to brown seed pod with 4-7 seeds with a sticky pulp between them
  • Flowers:
    Flower Petals:
    4-5 petals/rays
    Flower Description:
    Flowers are small, 5-parted, in a large terminal cluster
  • Leaves:
    Leaf Characteristics:
    Deciduous
    Leaf Color:
    Green
    Leaf Type:
    Compound (Pinnately , Bipinnately, Palmately)
    Leaf Arrangement:
    Alternate
    Hairs Present:
    No
    Leaf Length:
    3-6 inches
    Leaf Description:
    3-6 in. alternate bipinnately compound leaves; late to leaf out; fall color is not showy
  • Bark:
    Bark Description:
    brittle wood and rough bark
  • Stem:
    Stem Is Aromatic:
    No
  • Landscape:
    Design Feature:
    Street Tree
    Resistance To Challenges:
    Drought
    Pollution
    Problems:
    Messy
    Poisonous to Humans
  • Poisonous to Humans:
    Poison Severity:
    Low
    Poison Symptoms:
    CAUSES ONLY LOW TOXICITY IF EATEN. The pulp between the seeds can be mistaken for the sweet, non-toxic pulp of the honey locust. Stomach pain, nausea, vomiting, and diarrhea, irregular pulse, coma.
    Poison Toxic Principle:
    Alkaloid cytisine
    Causes Contact Dermatitis:
    No
    Poison Part:
    Fruits