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Gymnocladus chinensis

Common Name(s):

Phonetic Spelling
jim-no-KLAD-us chy-NEN-sis
Description

Chinese Coffee Tree is a deciduous small tree native to China in the bean family.  It is slow-growing and has huge bipinnately compound leaves that emerge purple and then turn green.  In the fall they have showy bright yellow leaves.  They cast a light shade so make a great tree to have under canopy plantings.  

See this plant in the following landscape:
Cultivars / Varieties:
Tags:
#deciduous#small tree#small spaces#purple leaves#slow growing#large leaves#fall interest#deciduous tree#fall color yellow
 
Cultivars / Varieties:
Tags:
#deciduous#small tree#small spaces#purple leaves#slow growing#large leaves#fall interest#deciduous tree#fall color yellow
  • Attributes:
    Genus:
    Gymnocladus
    Species:
    chinensis
    Family:
    Fabaceae
    Uses (Ethnobotany):
    The beans are boiled and used for making soap. Wood is used in cabinet making.
    Life Cycle:
    Woody
    Country Or Region Of Origin:
    China
    Dimensions:
    Height: 15 ft. 0 in. - 30 ft. 0 in.
    Width: 20 ft. 0 in. - 30 ft. 0 in.
  • Whole Plant Traits:
    Plant Type:
    Tree
    Woody Plant Leaf Characteristics:
    Deciduous
    Growth Rate:
    Slow
  • Cultural Conditions:
    Light:
    Full sun (6 or more hours of direct sunlight a day)
    USDA Plant Hardiness Zone:
    3a, 3b, 4b, 4a, 5b, 5a, 6b, 6a, 7a, 7b, 8b, 8a
  • Flowers:
    Flower Color:
    Gold/Yellow
    Purple/Lavender
    White
    Flower Description:
    Pale yellow-white with a little purple. Dioecious so both male and female plants are needed to produce fruits.
  • Leaves:
    Woody Plant Leaf Characteristics:
    Deciduous
    Leaf Color:
    Green
    Purple/Lavender
    Deciduous Leaf Fall Color:
    Gold/Yellow
    Leaf Type:
    Compound (Pinnately , Bipinnately, Palmately)
    Hairs Present:
    No
    Leaf Length:
    > 6 inches
    Leaf Width:
    > 6 inches
    Leaf Description:
    Large bipinnately compound leaves start out purple and turn green. Brigt yellow fall color.
  • Stem:
    Stem Color:
    Green
    Purple/Lavender
    Stem Is Aromatic:
    No
    Stem Description:
    Young stems are purple green
  • Landscape:
    Landscape Location:
    Small Space
    Design Feature:
    Small Tree
    Street Tree