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Magnolia 'Jane'

Common Name(s):

Phonetic Spelling
mag-NOL-ee-ah
Description

'Jane' magnolia is a hybrid deciduous shrub or small tree with a compact habit in the Magnoliaceae family.  It is part of the Little Girl Series created at the National Arboretum in the 1950's by Francis DeVos and William Kosar who crossed M. liliiflora ‘Nigra’ and M. stellata ‘Rosea’. 

The Little Girl Series flowers about 2-4 weeks from mid-April to early May, which is later than other species of magnolia and therefore there is less likelihood of frost damage to the flower buds.  'Jane' is a particularly cold hardy form with large fragrant purple-red flowers that resemble tulips with white centers covering bare branches before the leaves emerge.  The flowers occasionally rebloom mid-summer.  It grows to a height of around 15 feet tall and 12 feet wide.

Plant in moist, rich, well-drained soils in the full sun to partial shade in rich neutral to acidic well-drained but evenly moist soils. Regular mulching of the root zone will help keep the soil moist. 'Jane' is tolerant of heavy clay soils, air pollution, and also heat.   Prune sparingly only to remove dead or broken branches or if needed to maintain shape do so after flowering.  Growing slowly at only one foot per year, it is best not to transplant this plant as its roots are fleshy and easily damaged, so choose the landscape location wisely.

Plant as a specimen in a lawn, grow as an informal privacy hedge,  along a foundation, use in the middle to back of a shrub border or at a woodland edge. This compact flowering tree makes a great addition to any courtyard, patio, or small space in the garden.

Insects, Diseases, and Other Plant Problems:  Insect problems include scale, thrips, and weevils.  Anthracnose, canker, leaf spot and powdery mildew are occasional disease problems.  

See this plant in the following landscape:
Cultivars / Varieties:
Tags:
#showy flowers#deciduous#small tree#fragrant flowers#small spaces#specimen#purple flowers#slow growing#deciduous shrub#fall interest#flowering tree#air pollution tolerant#hedges#foundation planting#large flowers#courtyard garden#leathery leaves#flowers late spring#deciduous tree#border back#fall color yellow#border middle#patio planting#clay soils tolerant#fall color bronze#shrub borders#woodland garden#lawn planting#flowers mid-spring
 
Cultivars / Varieties:
Tags:
#showy flowers#deciduous#small tree#fragrant flowers#small spaces#specimen#purple flowers#slow growing#deciduous shrub#fall interest#flowering tree#air pollution tolerant#hedges#foundation planting#large flowers#courtyard garden#leathery leaves#flowers late spring#deciduous tree#border back#fall color yellow#border middle#patio planting#clay soils tolerant#fall color bronze#shrub borders#woodland garden#lawn planting#flowers mid-spring
  • Attributes:
    Genus:
    Magnolia
    Family:
    Magnoliaceae
    Life Cycle:
    Woody
    Dimensions:
    Height: 10 ft. 0 in. - 15 ft. 0 in.
    Width: 8 ft. 0 in. - 12 ft. 0 in.
  • Whole Plant Traits:
    Plant Type:
    Shrub
    Woody Plant Leaf Characteristics:
    Deciduous
    Growth Rate:
    Slow
    Maintenance:
    Medium
  • Cultural Conditions:
    Light:
    Full sun (6 or more hours of direct sunlight a day)
    Partial Shade (Direct sunlight only part of the day, 2-6 hours)
    Soil Texture:
    Clay
    High Organic Matter
    Loam (Silt)
    Sand
    Soil pH:
    Acid (<6.0)
    Neutral (6.0-8.0)
    Soil Drainage:
    Good Drainage
    Moist
    Available Space To Plant:
    6-feet-12 feet
    12-24 feet
    NC Region:
    Coastal
    Mountains
    Piedmont
    USDA Plant Hardiness Zone:
    4a, 4b, 5b, 5a, 6a, 6b, 7a, 7b, 8b, 8a
  • Fruit:
    Fruit Color:
    Brown/Copper
    Red/Burgundy
    Fruit Type:
    Aggregate
    Follicle
    Fruit Description:
    An aggregate fruit of woody follicles seeds have a fleshy red outer coating called an aril.
  • Flowers:
    Flower Color:
    Pink
    Purple/Lavender
    Red/Burgundy
    White
    Flower Value To Gardener:
    Fragrant
    Showy
    Flower Bloom Time:
    Spring
    Summer
    Flower Shape:
    Cup
    Flower Size:
    > 6 inches
    Flower Description:
    8" wide cup-shaped red-purple with white centers, showy flowers appear before leaves in mid to late spring. May rebloom in summer.
  • Leaves:
    Woody Plant Leaf Characteristics:
    Deciduous
    Leaf Color:
    Brown/Copper
    Green
    Leaf Feel:
    Leathery
    Deciduous Leaf Fall Color:
    Brown/Copper
    Gold/Yellow
    Leaf Type:
    Simple
    Leaf Arrangement:
    Alternate
    Leaf Shape:
    Ovate
    Leaf Margin:
    Entire
    Hairs Present:
    No
    Leaf Length:
    > 6 inches
    Leaf Description:
    6" long ovate leaves emerge coppery and then durn dark green. Bronze-yellow fall color.
  • Stem:
    Stem Is Aromatic:
    No
  • Landscape:
    Landscape Location:
    Lawn
    Patio
    Small Space
    Woodland
    Design Feature:
    Border
    Foundation Planting
    Hedge
    Screen/Privacy
    Specimen
    Resistance To Challenges:
    Pollution