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Viburnum rufidulum

Phonetic Spelling
vih-BUR-num roo-FEE-duh-lum
Description

Rusty Blackhaw is a shrub or small tree that may grow 20 feet tall. The leaves are opposite with a finely toothed margin and rusty hairs on the underside. The bark is gray-brown with a fine blocky pattern. Clusters of small, white flowers mature in early spring. The small tree produces a blue drupe that matures in fall.

Three season interest is provided with showy spring flowers, glossy green leaves in summer and fall fruit and leaf colors. More than one shrub is needed for good berry production.  It is moderately resistant to damage from deer.

More than one genetic strain needed for fruit set.

Habitat: Dry woodlands, dry-mesic woodlands and forests, especially common over mafic rocks (but not at all restricted to such sites)

 

 

Cultivars / Varieties:
  • 'Royal Guard'
Tags:
#butterflies#evergreen#fruit#deciduous#fall color#songbirds#shrub#wildlife plant#showy#native tree#native shrub#low maintenance#host plant#fall interest#host#hedges#food source#low flammability#NC native#deer resistant#glossy leaves#native garden#fire resistant#fall fruits#star shaped flowers#summer interest#spring interest#pollinator plant#edible garden#Braham Arboretum#leathery leaves#food source fall#food source herbage#food source nectar#food source pollen#food source soft-mast fruit#piedmont mountains UPL#coastal UPL
 
Cultivars / Varieties:
  • 'Royal Guard'
Tags:
#butterflies#evergreen#fruit#deciduous#fall color#songbirds#shrub#wildlife plant#showy#native tree#native shrub#low maintenance#host plant#fall interest#host#hedges#food source#low flammability#NC native#deer resistant#glossy leaves#native garden#fire resistant#fall fruits#star shaped flowers#summer interest#spring interest#pollinator plant#edible garden#Braham Arboretum#leathery leaves#food source fall#food source herbage#food source nectar#food source pollen#food source soft-mast fruit#piedmont mountains UPL#coastal UPL
  • Attributes:
    Genus:
    Viburnum
    Species:
    rufidulum
    Family:
    Viburnaceae
    Life Cycle:
    Perennial
    Woody
    Recommended Propagation Strategy:
    Seed
    Country Or Region Of Origin:
    Southern U.S.A., Mexico
    Distribution:
    AL , AR , FL , GA , IL , IN , KS , KY , LA , MO , MS , NC , OH , OK , SC , TN , TX , VA
    Fire Risk Rating:
    low flammability
    Wildlife Value:
    It is a host plant for the spring/summer Azure butterflies.  Its fruits are eaten by songbirds, squirrels and chipmunks.
    Play Value:
    Wildlife Food Source
    Particularly Resistant To (Insects/Diseases/Other Problems):
    fire in the landscape. Heat and drought tolerant.
    Dimensions:
    Height: 10 ft. 0 in. - 20 ft. 0 in.
    Width: 10 ft. 0 in. - 20 ft. 0 in.
  • Whole Plant Traits:
    Plant Type:
    Native Plant
    Shrub
    Tree
    Leaf Characteristics:
    Deciduous
    Habit/Form:
    Erect
    Oval
    Growth Rate:
    Slow
    Maintenance:
    Low
  • Cultural Conditions:
    Light:
    Deep shade (Less than 2 hours to no direct sunlight)
    Full sun (6 or more hours of direct sunlight a day)
    Partial Shade (Direct sunlight only part of the day, 2-6 hours)
    Soil Texture:
    Clay
    Loam (Silt)
    Sand
    Soil pH:
    Acid (<6.0)
    Neutral (6.0-8.0)
    Soil Drainage:
    Good Drainage
    Moist
    Occasionally Dry
    Available Space To Plant:
    12-24 feet
    NC Region:
    Coastal
    Mountains
    Piedmont
    Usda Plant Hardiness Zone:
    5a, 5b, 6a, 6b, 7a, 7b, 8a, 8b, 9a, 9b
  • Fruit:
    Fruit Color:
    Blue
    Display/Harvest Time:
    Fall
    Fruit Type:
    Drupe
    Fruit Length:
    < 1 inch
    Fruit Width:
    < 1 inch
    Fruit Description:
    3/8 inch long edible dark blue fruits appear after flowering and ripen from September to October.
  • Flowers:
    Flower Color:
    Cream/Tan
    White
    Flower Inflorescence:
    Cyme
    Flower Value To Gardener:
    Showy
    Flower Bloom Time:
    Spring
    Flower Shape:
    Star
    Flower Petals:
    4-5 petals/rays
    Flower Size:
    < 1 inch
    Flower Description:
    Flowers appear from March to April in 5 inch wide rounded cymes of tiny flowers. Individual flowers are 1/4 inch across with long stamens.
  • Leaves:
    Leaf Characteristics:
    Deciduous
    Leaf Color:
    Gold/Yellow
    Green
    Leaf Feel:
    Glossy
    Leathery
    Deciduous Leaf Fall Color:
    Orange
    Pink
    Purple/Lavender
    Red/Burgundy
    Leaf Type:
    Simple
    Leaf Arrangement:
    Opposite
    Leaf Shape:
    Elliptical
    Obovate
    Ovate
    Leaf Margin:
    Serrate
    Hairs Present:
    No
    Leaf Length:
    3-6 inches
    Leaf Width:
    1-3 inches
    Leaf Description:
    The 4" long glossy, leathery leaves are dark green. Its leaf undersides are covered with rusty brown hairs. Excellent fall hues of red, lavender, pink, and orange.
  • Bark:
    Bark Color:
    Dark Brown
    Dark Gray
    Bark Plate Shape:
    Square
    Bark Description:
    The bark is gray/brown with a fine blocky pattern.
  • Stem:
    Stem Color:
    Brown/Copper
    Gray/Silver
    Red/Burgundy
    Stem Is Aromatic:
    No
    Stem Buds:
    Hairy
    Stem Surface:
    Hairy (pubescent)
    Stem Description:
    Twigs reddish brown with a thin light gray coating. Stems have rusty brown hairs
  • Landscape:
    Landscape Location:
    Naturalized Area
    Landscape Theme:
    Native Garden
    Pollinator Garden
    Design Feature:
    Border
    Hedge
    Screen/Privacy
    Attracts:
    Butterflies
    Pollinators
    Small Mammals
    Songbirds
    Resistance To Challenges:
    Deer
    Drought
    Fire