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Tilia americana

Description

American linden is a useful shade tree and a good honey plant in the Malvaceae family. It is easy to transplant is tolerant of clay soil and some drought once established. It is pale yellow-green in the fall.

Fire Risk: This plant has a low flammability rating.

Seasons of Interest:

Foliage: Fall Bloom: Summer, June Fruit: Late Summer Branches: Winter, red

Flowers:  Frequent consumption of tea made with the honey flavored flowers can cause heart damage.

Wildlife Value:  An amazing wildlife tree and a larval plant for red-spotted purple and mourning cloak butterflies. Its flowers are so attractive to honeybees you may hear the tree buzzing from several feet away. The nectar makes an excellent tasting honey. Its seeds are eaten by birds and squirrels.

Insects, Diseases, and Other Plant Problems:  No serious insect or disease problems. You may see borers, beetles, lacebugs, caterpillars, and scale. In hot, dry conditions spider mites may pose a significant problem. While infrequent, Verticillium wilt can be fatal. Powdery mildew, leaf spots, and cankers are other diseases that rarely occur. 

Compare this plant to: T. cordataT. tomentosa, and T. x europaea) may make better selections for urban areas.

Cultivars / Varieties:
  • Redmond
Tags:
#bees#butterflies#deciduous#fall color#birds#shade tree#songbirds#fragrant flowers#drought tolerant#wildlife plant#winter interest#clay soil#small mammals#honey#low flammability#NC native#transplant#fire resistant#edible seeds#pollinator plant#edible garden#Braham Arboretum#larval host plant#dendrology
 
Cultivars / Varieties:
  • Redmond
Tags:
#bees#butterflies#deciduous#fall color#birds#shade tree#songbirds#fragrant flowers#drought tolerant#wildlife plant#winter interest#clay soil#small mammals#honey#low flammability#NC native#transplant#fire resistant#edible seeds#pollinator plant#edible garden#Braham Arboretum#larval host plant#dendrology
  • Attributes:
    Genus:
    Tilia
    Species:
    americana
    Family:
    Tiliaceae
    Uses (Ethnobotany):
    Lumber, pulpwood, veneer, shade tree in urban areas; soft wood for carving
    Country Or Region Of Origin:
    Central and eastern North America.
    Distribution:
    Eastern North America; northeastern U.S
    Fire Risk Rating:
    low flammability
    Wildlife Value:
    Larval plant for red spotted purple and morning cloak butterflies. Seeds eaten by birds and squirrels
    Play Value:
    Fragrance
    Wildlife Food Source
    Particularly Resistant To (Insects/Diseases/Other Problems):
    fire in the landscape.
    Dimensions:
    Height: 50 ft. 0 in. - 80 ft. 0 in.
    Width: 30 ft. 0 in. - 50 ft. 0 in.
  • Whole Plant Traits:
    Plant Type:
    Edible
    Native Plant
    Tree
    Leaf Characteristics:
    Deciduous
    Growth Rate:
    Medium
    Maintenance:
    Low
  • Cultural Conditions:
    Light:
    Full sun (6 or more hours of direct sunlight a day)
    Partial Shade (Direct sunlight only part of the day, 2-6 hours)
    Soil Texture:
    Loam (Silt)
    Soil Drainage:
    Good Drainage
    Moist
    NC Region:
    Coastal
    Mountains
    Piedmont
    Usda Plant Hardiness Zone:
    2a, 2b, 3a, 3b, 4a, 4b, 5a, 5b, 6a, 6b, 7a, 7b, 8a, 8b
  • Fruit:
    Fruit Color:
    Brown/Copper
    Display/Harvest Time:
    Summer
    Fruit Type:
    Nut
    Fruit Description:
    Brown nut-like structure that is attached to papery bract.
  • Flowers:
    Flower Color:
    Cream/Tan
    Gold/Yellow
    Flower Value To Gardener:
    Edible
    Fragrant
    Flower Bloom Time:
    Summer
  • Leaves:
    Leaf Characteristics:
    Deciduous
    Leaf Color:
    Green
    Deciduous Leaf Fall Color:
    Gold/Yellow
    Leaf Type:
    Simple
    Leaf Arrangement:
    Alternate
    Hairs Present:
    No
    Leaf Length:
    > 6 inches
  • Bark:
    Bark Color:
    Dark Gray
    Light Gray
    Surface/Attachment:
    Furrowed
    Bark Description:
    Longitudinally furrowed with flat-top ridges and rough texture.
  • Stem:
    Stem Is Aromatic:
    No
  • Landscape:
    Landscape Theme:
    Butterfly Garden
    Edible Garden
    Winter Garden
    Design Feature:
    Shade Tree
    Attracts:
    Butterflies
    Pollinators
    Small Mammals
    Songbirds
    Resistance To Challenges:
    Drought
    Dry Soil
    Fire
    Pollution