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Rhus typhina

Common Name(s):

Phonetic Spelling
RHOOS ty-FEE-nah
Description

Grows up to 25'. Medium green leaves turn red, yellow, orange, scarlet, and red velvet in fall.  You can rejuvenate it by cutting to the ground every few years.  It is not poisonous though it can be weedy spreading by suckers to form colonies. It naturally occurs in the western part of North Carolina.  It is drought tolerant.  Its showy white blooms appear in the spring and summer and are followed by equally showy red berries. It is particularly noted for the reddish-brown hairs that cover the young branchlets in somewhat the same way that velvet covers the horns of a stag (male deer). Easily grown in average, dry to medium moisture, well-drained soils in full sun to part shade. Tolerant of a wide range of soils except for those that are poorly drained. Generally tolerant of urban conditions. This is a suckering shrub that will form thickets in the wild via self-seeding and root suckering. It is native to woodland edges, roadsides, railroad embankments and stream/swamp margins from Quebec to Ontario to Minnesota south to Georgia, Indiana and Iowa.

Other Plant Problems: May spread aggressively through root suckers.

Cultivars / Varieties:
  • 'Dissecta'
  • 'Laciniata'
  • 'Lancinata'
Tags:
#bees#showy flowers#deciduous#fall color#birds#showy berries#drought tolerant#wildlife plant#nectar plant#winter interest#fall interest#rabbit resistant#showy fruits#food source#quail#Braham Arboretum#turkey
 
Cultivars / Varieties:
  • 'Dissecta'
  • 'Laciniata'
  • 'Lancinata'
Tags:
#bees#showy flowers#deciduous#fall color#birds#showy berries#drought tolerant#wildlife plant#nectar plant#winter interest#fall interest#rabbit resistant#showy fruits#food source#quail#Braham Arboretum#turkey
  • Attributes:
    Genus:
    Rhus
    Species:
    typhina
    Family:
    Anacardiaceae
    Life Cycle:
    Woody
    Recommended Propagation Strategy:
    Stem Cutting
    Country Or Region Of Origin:
    Eastern North America
    Wildlife Value:
    Ring-necked pheasant, bobwhite quail, and wild turkey eat the fruit. Flowers provide a nectar source to native bees.
    Particularly Resistant To (Insects/Diseases/Other Problems):
    Drought
    Dimensions:
    Height: 15 ft. 0 in. - 25 ft. 0 in.
    Width: 20 ft. 0 in. - 30 ft. 0 in.
  • Whole Plant Traits:
    Plant Type:
    Shrub
    Tree
    Leaf Characteristics:
    Deciduous
    Habit/Form:
    Open
    Spreading
    Growth Rate:
    Rapid
    Texture:
    Medium
  • Cultural Conditions:
    Light:
    Full sun (6 or more hours of direct sunlight a day)
    Soil Texture:
    Shallow Rocky
    Soil pH:
    Acid (<6.0)
    Soil Drainage:
    Good Drainage
    Available Space To Plant:
    Less than 12 inches
    Usda Plant Hardiness Zone:
    3a, 3b, 4a, 4b, 5a, 5b, 6a, 6b, 7a, 7b, 8a, 8b, 9a, 9b
  • Fruit:
    Fruit Color:
    Red/Burgundy
    Fruit Value To Gardener:
    Showy
    Display/Harvest Time:
    Fall
    Summer
    Winter
    Fruit Type:
    Drupe
    Fruit Description:
    Good winter interest; each cluster contains hairy, berry-like drupes that ripen bright red and turn dark red thorough winter.
  • Flowers:
    Flower Color:
    Green
    White
    Flower Inflorescence:
    Panicle
    Flower Bloom Time:
    Spring
    Summer
    Flower Size:
    3-6 inches
    Flower Description:
    4 to 8 in. panicles of greenish white flowers in late spring early summer.
  • Leaves:
    Leaf Characteristics:
    Deciduous
    Leaf Color:
    Green
    Leaf Value To Gardener:
    Showy
    Deciduous Leaf Fall Color:
    Gold/Yellow
    Orange
    Red/Burgundy
    Leaf Type:
    Compound (Pinnately , Bipinnately, Palmately)
    Leaf Arrangement:
    Alternate
    Leaf Shape:
    Lanceolate
    Leaf Margin:
    Serrate
    Hairs Present:
    No
    Leaf Length:
    3-6 inches
    Leaf Description:
    Alternate pinnately compound 16"-24" leaves with 11-31 lanceolate leaflets (2-5" long); serrate margins. Great fall color.
  • Bark:
    Bark Description:
    Fuzzy turning gray-brown and smooth with lenticels and becoming scaly.
  • Stem:
    Stem Color:
    Brown/Copper
    Red/Burgundy
    Stem Is Aromatic:
    No
    Stem Lenticels:
    Conspicuous
    Stem Surface:
    Hairy (pubescent)
    Stem Description:
    Noted for the reddish-brown hairs that cover the young branchlets
  • Landscape:
    Landscape Location:
    Naturalized Area
    Landscape Theme:
    Winter Garden
    Attracts:
    Songbirds
    Resistance To Challenges:
    Drought
    Erosion
    Rabbits
    Urban Conditions
    Problems:
    Weedy