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Tamrix Tamarix ramosissima

Other Common Name(s):

Previously known as:

  • Tamarix chinensis
  • Tamarix gallica
  • Tamarix pentandra
Phonetic Spelling
TAM-uh-riks ram-oh-SIS-ee-muh
Description

Salt Cedar is a deciduous, thicket forming, flowering shrub or small tree, growing to 14 feet by 9 feet, and often found in coastal areas. The showy flowers last through spring and summer.  It has scaly gray-green juniper-like foliage but is neither a conifer nor an evergreen.  It produces true flowers which are pink and appear from June to August. Its branches are long, slender and arching and have an attractive reddish color. The common name salt cedar comes from not only the plant's ability to withstand saline conditions but to actually produce salt. 

The Salt Cedar grows well in full sun in most dry to wet well-drained soils, including heavy clay and alkaline soils. It cannot grow in the shade. Prune as needed in late winter to early spring. It can be pruned hard, as far as several inches above the ground to manage growth and keep the form compact.  Avoid excess fertilizer, this tree has a sparse root system.

This plant is an invasive species and should not be planted. It is listed as invasive in SC, and several central and western states. It has naturalized in floodplains, riverbanks, ditches, marshes, waste areas and roadsides in many areas of the West, Southwest and Great Plains.

There are plenty of native choices of trees and shrubs for planting along ponds and streams listed to the left.

Insects, Diseases, and Other Plant Problems: No known diseases or insect pests. Weedy

See this plant in the following landscape:
Cultivars / Varieties:
  • 'Pink Cascade'
    Open, multi-stemmed, 15 foot high shrub with arching branches and fine, feathery foliage.
'Pink Cascade'
Tags:
#drought tolerant#weedy#deciduous shrub#salt tolerant#high maintenance#fast growing#aggressive#sandy soils tolerant#wet soils tolerant#coastal plant#full sun
 
Cultivars / Varieties:
  • 'Pink Cascade'
    Open, multi-stemmed, 15 foot high shrub with arching branches and fine, feathery foliage.
'Pink Cascade'
Tags:
#drought tolerant#weedy#deciduous shrub#salt tolerant#high maintenance#fast growing#aggressive#sandy soils tolerant#wet soils tolerant#coastal plant#full sun
  • Attributes:
    Genus:
    Tamarix
    Species:
    ramosissima
    Family:
    Tamaricaceae
    Uses (Ethnobotany):
    Gardens, Rain Gardens
    Life Cycle:
    Woody
    Country Or Region Of Origin:
    Eastern Europe, Asia, Southern Russia to China
    Distribution:
    Arizona, Arkansas, California, Colorado, Georgia, Hawaii, Kansas, Louisiana, Mississippi, Montana, Nebraska, Nevada, New Mexico, North Carolina, North Dakota, Oklahoma, Oregon, South Carolina, South Dakota, Texas, Utah, Virginia, Washington, and Wyoming.
    Play Value:
    Wildlife Food Source
    Wind Break
    Particularly Resistant To (Insects/Diseases/Other Problems):
    deer damage
    Dimensions:
    Height: 10 ft. 0 in. - 15 ft. 0 in.
    Width: 8 ft. 0 in. - 13 ft. 0 in.
  • Whole Plant Traits:
    Plant Type:
    Shrub
    Tree
    Woody Plant Leaf Characteristics:
    Deciduous
    Habit/Form:
    Multi-stemmed
    Spreading
    Growth Rate:
    Rapid
    Maintenance:
    High
  • Cultural Conditions:
    Light:
    Full sun (6 or more hours of direct sunlight a day)
    Soil Texture:
    Clay
    Loam (Silt)
    Sand
    Soil pH:
    Acid (<6.0)
    Alkaline (>8.0)
    Neutral (6.0-8.0)
    Soil Drainage:
    Good Drainage
    Occasionally Dry
    Available Space To Plant:
    12-24 feet
    NC Region:
    Coastal
    Mountains
    Piedmont
    USDA Plant Hardiness Zone:
    2a, 2b, 3a, 3b, 4a, 4b, 5a, 5b, 6a, 6b, 7a, 7b, 8a, 8b, 9a, 9b
  • Fruit:
    Fruit Type:
    Capsule
    Fruit Description:
    Fruits are dry capsules that split open and disperse seeds.
  • Flowers:
    Flower Color:
    Pink
    Flower Inflorescence:
    Raceme
    Flower Value To Gardener:
    Long Bloom Season
    Showy
    Flower Bloom Time:
    Summer
    Flower Petals:
    4-5 petals/rays
    Flower Size:
    < 1 inch
    Flower Description:
    Pink, feathery racemes that bloom in spring and summer on new wood.
  • Leaves:
    Woody Plant Leaf Characteristics:
    Deciduous
    Leaf Color:
    Gray/Silver
    Green
    Leaf Shape:
    Lanceolate
    Leaf Margin:
    Entire
    Hairs Present:
    No
    Leaf Description:
    Fine-textured, juniper-like foliage that is compound, alternate, scale-like and tightly overlapping along the stem. Lanceolate in shape with sharp to tapered tips
  • Stem:
    Stem Color:
    Gold/Yellow
    Gray/Silver
    Orange
    Red/Burgundy
    Stem Is Aromatic:
    No
    Stem Form:
    Zig Zags
    Stem Description:
    Reddish, slender, arching branchlets are light red or orange-yellow and weeping when young. Older bark is grey.
  • Landscape:
    Resistance To Challenges:
    Deer
    Drought
    Poor Soil
    Salt
    Problems:
    Weedy