Cephalanthus occidentalis Cephalanthus occidentalis
- Phonetic Spelling
- sef-ah-LAN-thus ock-sih-den-TAH-liss
Cephalanthus occidentalis, commonly called the Buttonbush is a somewhat coarse, deciduous shrub with an open-rounded habit that typically grows 6-12’ (infrequently to 20’) tall. Its bark is thin and smooth on young trees. The bark becomes fissured and scaly as the tree ages.
It is an attractive deciduous native shrub in the Rubiaceae family. It grows well in wet sites including flooded areas and is effective in helping stop erosion. It is frequently found growing in low areas, thickets, river basions, pond edges, and swamps. It would work well planted in a rain garden or in a pond or water garden. Is a spreading well branched shrub with yellow fall color. The foliage is poisonous to livestock. Prune severely every year in the early spring for best flower production. Its flowers are fragrant and followed by a showy fruit.
Regions: Mountain, Piedmont, Coastal Plains
Seasons of Interest:
Bloom: Late Summer Fruit: Fall-Winter, Nutlets
Wildlife Value: The Buttonbush is highly resistant to damage from deer. Flowers attract hummingbirds, butterflies, and bees. Songbirds and water fowl eat the seeds.
- Fire Risk Rating:
- low flammability
- Particularly Resistant To (Insects/Diseases/Other Problems):
- fire in the landscape.
Whole Plant Traits:
- Plant Type:
- Native Plant
- Flower Color:
- Leaf Color:
- Hairs Present:
- Stem Is Aromatic: