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Salix babylonica

Common Name(s):

Previously known as:

  • Salix matsudana
Description

Large landscape tree with pendulous, weeping branches, a short trunk, and a broad rounded crown.  It is native to East Asia but has naturalized throughout NC.  It is one of the first trees to leaf out in spring and the last to drop leaves in fall.

It grows best in full sun and prefers moist soil.  It is effective at edges of ponds and lakes.  In residential and commercial sites, the rootlets will invade a crack in a pipe and proliferate, clogging it and backing water up for major repair costs.  It is often mislabeled in the nursery trade.

 

Insects, Diseases, and Other Plant Problems:  Susceptible to canker.  Suffers from brittle wood.

Quick ID

  • Small tree with weeping, pendulous branches
  • Leaves toothed, linear-lanceolate
  • Leaves green above, grayish-glaucous below

 

Cultivars / Varieties:
Tags:
#bees#deciduous#wildlife plant#winter interest#tsc#brittle wood#pond margins#specialized bees#cpp#deer resistant#lakes#agressive#pollinator plant#fantz
 
Cultivars / Varieties:
Tags:
#bees#deciduous#wildlife plant#winter interest#tsc#brittle wood#pond margins#specialized bees#cpp#deer resistant#lakes#agressive#pollinator plant#fantz
  • Attributes:
    Genus:
    Salix
    Species:
    babylonica
    Family:
    Salicaceae
    Life Cycle:
    Woody
    Country Or Region Of Origin:
    N. & E. China to Korea
    Wildlife Value:
    Members of the Salix genus support the following specilized bees: Andrena (Parandrena) andrenoides, Andrena (Thysandrena) bisalicis, Andrena (Tylandrena) erythrogaster, Andrena (Andrena) frigida, Andrena (Micrandrena) illinoiensis, Andrena (Andrena) macoupinensis, Andrena (Trachandrena) mariae, Andrena (Parandrena) nida, Andrena (Micrandrena) nigrae, Andrena (Micrandrena) salictaria, Andrena (Parandrena) wellesleyana.
    Play Value:
    Wildlife Food Source
    Wind Shimmer
    Particularly Resistant To (Insects/Diseases/Other Problems):
    This tree is mildly resistant to damage by deer.
    Dimensions:
    Height: 30 ft. 0 in. - 50 ft. 0 in.
    Width: 20 ft. 0 in. - 40 ft. 0 in.
  • Whole Plant Traits:
    Plant Type:
    Tree
    Leaf Characteristics:
    Deciduous
    Habit/Form:
    Broad
    Rounded
    Weeping
    Growth Rate:
    Rapid
    Texture:
    Fine
  • Cultural Conditions:
    Light:
    Full sun (6 or more hours of direct sunlight a day)
    Soil Drainage:
    Frequent Standing Water
    Good Drainage
    Moist
    Occasionally Wet
    Available Space To Plant:
    24-60 feet
    NC Region:
    Coastal
    Mountains
    Piedmont
    Usda Plant Hardiness Zone:
    6a, 6b, 7a, 7b, 8a, 8b
  • Fruit:
    Fruit Type:
    Capsule
    Fruit Length:
    < 1 inch
    Fruit Width:
    < 1 inch
    Fruit Description:
    A capsule that releases many tiny, down-covered seeds.
  • Flowers:
    Flower Color:
    Gold/Yellow
    Insignificant
    Flower Inflorescence:
    Insignificant
    Flower Size:
    < 1 inch
    Flower Description:
    .8 inch long catkins that are .15 inch thick. Not showy.
  • Leaves:
    Leaf Characteristics:
    Deciduous
    Leaf Color:
    Gray/Silver
    Green
    Leaf Value To Gardener:
    Long-lasting
    Leaf Type:
    Simple
    Leaf Arrangement:
    Alternate
    Leaf Shape:
    Lanceolate
    Linear
    Leaf Margin:
    Serrate
    Hairs Present:
    No
    Leaf Length:
    3-6 inches
    Leaf Width:
    < 1 inch
    Leaf Description:
    Salix babylonica is one of the first trees to leaf out in spring and last to drop leaves in fall. The leaves are alternate, simple, and linear-lanceolate. They are 3-6 inches long, acuminate, cuneate, and serrulate. The leaves are deep green above, and grayish-glaucous beneath, glabrous; stipules are slender, deciduous.
  • Stem:
    Stem Color:
    Brown/Copper
    Red/Burgundy
    Stem Is Aromatic:
    No
    Stem Buds:
    Scaly
    Stem Bud Scales:
    Enclosed in a single cap like scale
    Stem Description:
    Reddish brown stems in winter provide interest.
  • Landscape:
    Landscape Location:
    Pond
    Riparian
    Landscape Theme:
    Pollinator Garden
    Water Garden
    Winter Garden
    Design Feature:
    Specimen
    Attracts:
    Bees
    Pollinators
    Specialized Bees
    Resistance To Challenges:
    Deer
    Wet Soil