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Multiflora Rose Rosa multiflora

This plant is an invasive species in North Carolina
Description

Multiflora Rose was brought to the USA from Asia as a root stock for many roses and its planting was encouraged as a shrub that would attract wildlife, help with erosion, and be used as a "living fence" to contain livestock.  It is a rapidly growing climbing, a rambling shrub that can reach heights of 10' to 15' feet.  The branches are covered in sturdy curved prickles and it can easily form dense thickets in meadows, fields, or forest edges.  There are virtually no herbavores that feed on this plant, that coupled with its prolific seed production and its ability to leaf out earlier than native plants in the spring make it a fierce competitor.  

See this plant in the following landscape:
Cultivars / Varieties:
Tags:
#invasive#fast growing#aggressive#thickets#self-seeding#clumping
 
Cultivars / Varieties:
Tags:
#invasive#fast growing#aggressive#thickets#self-seeding#clumping
  • Attributes:
    Genus:
    Rosa
    Species:
    multiflora
    Family:
    Rosaceae
    Life Cycle:
    Perennial
    Woody
    Recommended Propagation Strategy:
    Seed
    Country Or Region Of Origin:
    Eastern China, Korea, Japan
    Wildlife Value:
    Birds and small mammals eat the rose hips as a fall and winter food source and disperse the seeds.
  • Whole Plant Traits:
    Plant Type:
    Rose
    Shrub
    Habit/Form:
    Arching
    Clumping
    Dense
    Multi-stemmed
    Growth Rate:
    Rapid
    Maintenance:
    High
    Appendage:
    Prickles
  • Cultural Conditions:
    Light:
    Full sun (6 or more hours of direct sunlight a day)
    Partial Shade (Direct sunlight only part of the day, 2-6 hours)
  • Fruit:
    Fruit Color:
    Red/Burgundy
    Display/Harvest Time:
    Fall
    Summer
    Fruit Length:
    < 1 inch
    Fruit Description:
    1/4" red hips appear in clusters late summer and persist into fall. High seed production.
  • Flowers:
    Flower Color:
    Pink
    White
    Flower Inflorescence:
    Corymb
    Flower Value To Gardener:
    Showy
    Flower Bloom Time:
    Spring
    Summer
    Flower Petals:
    4-5 petals/rays
    Flower Description:
    Small showy pink to white 5 petaled flowers clustered in a corymb from late spring to early summer. Flowers have both male and female parts (perfect).
  • Leaves:
    Leaf Type:
    Compound (Pinnately , Bipinnately, Palmately)
    Leaf Arrangement:
    Alternate
    Leaf Shape:
    Oblong
    Ovate
    Leaf Margin:
    Serrate
    Hairs Present:
    No
    Leaf Length:
    1-3 inches
    Leaf Description:
    Compound leaves composted of 5-11 leaflets with serrate margins. Leaflets are ovate 1/2"-2" long with acute (pointed) tips. Petioles have fringed stipules which distinguishes them from other roses.
  • Stem:
    Stem Color:
    Green
    Red/Burgundy
    Stem Is Aromatic:
    No
    Stem Cross Section:
    Round
    Stem Surface:
    Smooth (glabrous)
    Stem Description:
    Green to red arching canes
  • Landscape:
    Design Feature:
    Security
    Problems:
    Invasive Species
    Spines/Thorns
    Weedy