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Rosa carolina

Common Name(s):

Phonetic Spelling
ROH-sah kay-roh-LEE-nah
Description

Rosa carolina, commonly called pasture rose, occurs in both dryish and wet soils. It is typically found in glades, open woods, prairies, along roads and railroads, and in wet soils along streams and swamps and low areas. Grows from 3-5' tall (less frequently to 6') and often spreads by suckers to form colonies or thickets in the wild. Features single (5-petaled), pink flowers (to 2.5" across) which bloom in May. No repeat bloom. It has smooth, dark green foliage. Has red hips in late summer.

Best grown in average, medium to wet, well-drained soil in full sun. Best flowering and disease resistance occur in full sun. Water deeply and regularly (mornings are best). Avoid overhead watering. Good air circulation promotes vigorous and healthy growth and helps control foliar diseases. Summer mulch helps retain moisture and keep roots cool. Remove and destroy diseased leaves from plants (as practicable), and clean up and destroy dead leaves from the ground around the plants both during the growing season and as part of a thorough clean-up during winter (dormant season). Crowns appreciate protection in cold winter climates. Prune in late winter to early spring.

Seasons of Interest: 

 Blooms:   Spring, summer          Nut/Fruit/Seed:  Fall

Remove the white, bitter base of the petals of the edible flowers before using to garnish desserts, freeze in ice cubes and float in punch.  The petals can be used in syrup, jelly, butter, and spreads.

 

Cultivars / Varieties:
  • 'Alba'
Tags:
#fragrant#butterflies#fruit#deciduous#birds#songbirds#drought tolerant#wildlife plant#showy#native shrub#medicinal#cover plant#playground#hedges#food source#cpp#NC native#children's garden#edible fruits#cover#food source fall
 
Cultivars / Varieties:
  • 'Alba'
Tags:
#fragrant#butterflies#fruit#deciduous#birds#songbirds#drought tolerant#wildlife plant#showy#native shrub#medicinal#cover plant#playground#hedges#food source#cpp#NC native#children's garden#edible fruits#cover#food source fall
  • Attributes:
    Genus:
    Rosa
    Species:
    carolina
    Family:
    Rosaceae
    Uses (Ethnobotany):
    This plant was used by Native Americans for medicinal purposes.
    Wildlife Value:
    It provides excellent cover year round. Hips are eaten by songbirds, quail and wild turkey.
    Play Value:
    Attractive Flowers
    Attracts Pollinators
    Edible fruit
    Wildlife Cover/Habitat
    Wildlife Food Source
    Dimensions:
    Height: 3 ft. 0 in. - 6 ft. 0 in.
    Width: 5 ft. 0 in. - 10 ft. 0 in.
  • Whole Plant Traits:
    Plant Type:
    Native Plant
    Shrub
    Leaf Characteristics:
    Deciduous
    Habit/Form:
    Erect
    Growth Rate:
    Medium
    Texture:
    Fine
  • Cultural Conditions:
    Light:
    Full sun (6 or more hours of direct sunlight a day)
    Soil Drainage:
    Good Drainage
    Moist
    Occasionally Dry
    Very Dry
    NC Region:
    Coastal
    Mountains
    Piedmont
    Usda Plant Hardiness Zone:
    4a, 4b, 5a, 5b, 6a, 6b, 7a, 7b, 8a, 8b, 9a, 9b
  • Fruit:
    Fruit Color:
    Red/Burgundy
    Fruit Value To Gardener:
    Edible
    Display/Harvest Time:
    Fall
    Fruit Type:
    Achene
  • Flowers:
    Flower Color:
    Pink
    Flower Value To Gardener:
    Edible
    Fragrant
    Showy
    Flower Bloom Time:
    Spring
    Summer
    Flower Size:
    1-3 inches
    Flower Description:
    2 in., single, rich rose pink, fragrant flowers in summer; red hips in fall
  • Leaves:
    Leaf Characteristics:
    Deciduous
    Leaf Color:
    Gold/Yellow
    Deciduous Leaf Fall Color:
    Brown/Copper
    Gold/Yellow
    Hairs Present:
    No
  • Stem:
    Stem Is Aromatic:
    No
  • Landscape:
    Landscape Location:
    Recreational Play Area
    Landscape Theme:
    Children's Garden
    Edible Garden
    Pollinator Garden
    Design Feature:
    Hedge
    Attracts:
    Butterflies
    Small Mammals
    Songbirds