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Pasture Rose Rosa carolina

Other Common Name(s):

Phonetic Spelling
ROH-sah kay-roh-LEE-nah
Description

Pasture rose, a native shrub in the Roseace (rose) family occurs in both dryish and wet soils. It is typically found in glades, open woods, prairies, along roads and railroads, and in wet soils along streams and swamps and low areas. Grows from 6 inches to 5 feet tall (less frequently to 6') and often spreads by rhizomes to form colonies or thickets in the wild. Features single (5-petaled), fragrant pink flowers (to 2.5" across) which bloom in May with no repeat bloom. It has smooth, dark green foliage and showy red hips in late summer.

Best grown in average, medium to wet, well-drained rocky to loamy clay or loamy sand soil in full sun. It  forms a deep taproot with rhizomes that sucker easily.  Best flowering and disease resistance occur in full sun though it will survive in partial shade. Water deeply and regularly (mornings are best). Avoid overhead watering. Good air circulation promotes vigorous and healthy growth and helps control foliar diseases. Summer mulch helps retain moisture and keep roots cool. Remove and destroy diseased leaves from plants (as practicable), and clean up and destroy dead leaves from the ground around the plants both during the growing season and as part of a thorough clean-up during winter (dormant season). Crowns appreciate protection in cold winter climates. Prune in late winter to early spring.  Propagate this shrub through stem or stolon cutting or by harvesting seed, though the best germination of the seed occurs after it has passed through an animal's gut so cuttings may be easier.

Seasons of Interest: 

 Blooms:   Spring, summer          Nut/Fruit/Seed:  Fall

VIDEO Created by Elizabeth Meyer for "Trees, Shrubs and Conifers" a plant identification course offered in partnership with Longwood Gardens.

Profile Video:
See this plant in the following landscape:
Cultivars / Varieties:
  • 'Alba'
'Alba'
Tags:
#fragrant#deciduous#fragrant flowers#heat tolerant#drought tolerant#wildlife plant#edible flowers#native shrub#medicinal#cover plant#showy fruits#hedges#small mammals#food source wildlife#cpp#NC native#deer browsing plant#thickets#children's garden#red fruits#playground plant#edible fruits#pollinator plant#compaction tolerant#food source nectar#food source pollen#bird friendly#mammals#food source soft mast fruit#butterfly friendly#moth larvae#Piedmont Mountains FACU#Coastal FACU#fruits early fall#Audubon#disease problems#fruits late summer#native rose
 
Cultivars / Varieties:
  • 'Alba'
'Alba'
Tags:
#fragrant#deciduous#fragrant flowers#heat tolerant#drought tolerant#wildlife plant#edible flowers#native shrub#medicinal#cover plant#showy fruits#hedges#small mammals#food source wildlife#cpp#NC native#deer browsing plant#thickets#children's garden#red fruits#playground plant#edible fruits#pollinator plant#compaction tolerant#food source nectar#food source pollen#bird friendly#mammals#food source soft mast fruit#butterfly friendly#moth larvae#Piedmont Mountains FACU#Coastal FACU#fruits early fall#Audubon#disease problems#fruits late summer#native rose
  • Attributes:
    Genus:
    Rosa
    Species:
    carolina
    Family:
    Rosaceae
    Uses (Ethnobotany):
    This plant was used by Native Americans for medicinal purposes.
    Life Cycle:
    Woody
    Recommended Propagation Strategy:
    Root Cutting
    Seed
    Stem Cutting
    Wildlife Value:
    It provides excellent cover year round. Hips are eaten by songbirds, quail, wild turkey and small mammals. Bumblebees, diggerbees, green metialic bees, Anthophorine bees (Anthopora spp.) syrphid flies and beetles visit the flowers in search of pollen. Moth larva feed on the leaves. Leaves and stems are browsed by white tailed deer and elk.
    Play Value:
    Attractive Flowers
    Attracts Pollinators
    Edible fruit
    Wildlife Cover/Habitat
    Wildlife Food Source
    Edibility:
    Remove the white, bitter base of the petals of the edible flowers before using to garnish desserts, freeze in ice cubes and float in punch.  The petals can be used in syrup, jelly, butter, and spreads. The hips are also edible.
    Dimensions:
    Height: 0 ft. 6 in. - 5 ft. 0 in.
    Width: 1 ft. 0 in. - 5 ft. 0 in.
  • Whole Plant Traits:
    Plant Type:
    Native Plant
    Shrub
    Woody Plant Leaf Characteristics:
    Deciduous
    Habit/Form:
    Erect
    Growth Rate:
    Medium
    Maintenance:
    Medium
    Texture:
    Fine
    Appendage:
    Prickles
  • Cultural Conditions:
    Light:
    Full sun (6 or more hours of direct sunlight a day)
    Partial Shade (Direct sunlight only part of the day, 2-6 hours)
    Soil Texture:
    Clay
    Loam (Silt)
    Sand
    Shallow Rocky
    Soil Drainage:
    Good Drainage
    Moist
    Occasionally Dry
    Very Dry
    Available Space To Plant:
    3 feet-6 feet
    NC Region:
    Coastal
    Mountains
    Piedmont
    USDA Plant Hardiness Zone:
    4a, 4b, 5b, 5a, 6b, 6a, 7b, 7a, 8a, 8b, 9b, 9a
  • Fruit:
    Fruit Color:
    Red/Burgundy
    Fruit Value To Gardener:
    Edible
    Display/Harvest Time:
    Fall
    Summer
    Fruit Type:
    Achene
    Fruit Description:
    Red fruit displays from August to October.
  • Flowers:
    Flower Color:
    Pink
    White
    Flower Inflorescence:
    Head
    Flower Value To Gardener:
    Edible
    Fragrant
    Showy
    Flower Bloom Time:
    Spring
    Summer
    Flower Petals:
    4-5 petals/rays
    Flower Size:
    1-3 inches
    Flower Description:
    2 in., single, rich rose pink (rarely white) with bright yellow stamens and a pistil at the flat wide center. Fragrace is rose, flowers appear from May to June on pedicles with glandsular hairs. Green pointed sepals also have glandular hairs.
  • Leaves:
    Woody Plant Leaf Characteristics:
    Deciduous
    Leaf Color:
    Gold/Yellow
    Deciduous Leaf Fall Color:
    Brown/Copper
    Gold/Yellow
    Leaf Type:
    Compound (Pinnately , Bipinnately, Palmately)
    Simple
    Leaf Arrangement:
    Alternate
    Leaf Shape:
    Ovate
    Leaf Margin:
    Serrate
    Hairs Present:
    Yes
    Leaf Description:
    Alternate compound leaves with oddly pinnate 5-7 ovate leaflets, with serrate margins (ocassionally 3 leaflets) with the central stem having hairs. Leaflets are 2 inches long and 1 inch across.
  • Stem:
    Stem Color:
    Brown/Copper
    Green
    Pink
    Red/Burgundy
    Stem Is Aromatic:
    No
    Stem Form:
    Straight
    Stem Description:
    Prickles which are narrow and straight appear often in oppisite pairs or scattered on straight thin stems. Young stems are smooth and green pink, red turning brown as they mature.
  • Landscape:
    Landscape Location:
    Recreational Play Area
    Landscape Theme:
    Butterfly Garden
    Children's Garden
    Edible Garden
    Pollinator Garden
    Design Feature:
    Hedge
    Attracts:
    Butterflies
    Pollinators
    Small Mammals
    Songbirds
    Specialized Bees
    Resistance To Challenges:
    Compaction
    Drought
    Heat
    Problems:
    Frequent Disease Problems