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Privet Ligustrum vulgare

Other Common Name(s):

Other plants called Privet:

Phonetic Spelling
lig-US-trum vul-GAR-ay
This plant has medium severity poison characteristics.
See below
This plant is an invasive species in North Carolina
Description

This plant is problematic and alternatives should be considered.  Please see the suggestions in the left-hand column.

Privet is a vigorous deciduous shrub in the Oleaceae (olive) family native to Eurasia.

The 'eaves are glossy, flowers are white and airy and followed by dark black fleshy berries that are enjoyed by birds.  Birds tend to spread the seeds around to prune off flowers immediately to avoid setting fruit. 

 

Insects, Diseases, and Other Plant Problems: Whiteflies, Japanese and ligustrum weevils, white peach scale, and privet rust mites are common insect problems.  Anthracnose, twig blight, cankers, powdery mildew, root rot are common disease problems.  Susceptible to copper deficiency.  It can be weedy in disturbed areas has escaped and naturalized in moist areas. It is listed as invasive in North Carolina by the North Carolina Native Plant Society (calling it a "Significant Threat") and NC State University's Department of Forestry and Environmental Resources. 

See this plant in the following landscape:
Cultivars / Varieties:
Tags:
#invasive#poisonous#weedy#deciduous shrub#high maintenance#fast growing#agressive#black fruits#problem for cats#problem for dogs#problem for horses
 
Cultivars / Varieties:
Tags:
#invasive#poisonous#weedy#deciduous shrub#high maintenance#fast growing#agressive#black fruits#problem for cats#problem for dogs#problem for horses
  • Attributes:
    Genus:
    Ligustrum
    Species:
    japonicum
    Family:
    Oleaceae
    Life Cycle:
    Woody
    Country Or Region Of Origin:
    Eurasia
    Wildlife Value:
    Birds eat the fruits.
  • Whole Plant Traits:
    Plant Type:
    Poisonous
    Shrub
    Woody Plant Leaf Characteristics:
    Broadleaf Evergreen
    Semi-evergreen
    Growth Rate:
    Rapid
    Maintenance:
    High
  • Fruit:
    Fruit Color:
    Black
    Fruit Type:
    Berry
    Fruit Description:
    Semi-fleshy, black berry
  • Flowers:
    Flower Color:
    White
    Flower Shape:
    Tubular
    Flower Petals:
    4-5 petals/rays
    Flower Size:
    < 1 inch
    Flower Description:
    Small, white, 4-parted, tubular, in terminal clusters
  • Leaves:
    Woody Plant Leaf Characteristics:
    Broadleaf Evergreen
    Semi-evergreen
    Leaf Color:
    Green
    Leaf Type:
    Simple
    Leaf Arrangement:
    Opposite
    Leaf Margin:
    Entire
    Hairs Present:
    No
    Leaf Description:
    Simple and opposite with smooth margins
  • Stem:
    Stem Is Aromatic:
    No
  • Landscape:
    Problems:
    Invasive Species
    Poisonous to Humans
    Problem for Cats
    Problem for Dogs
    Problem for Horses
    Weedy
  • Poisonous to Humans:
    Poison Severity:
    Medium
    Poison Symptoms:
    Abdominal pain, nausea, vomiting, drooling, diarrhea, headache, weakness, low blood pressure, cold and clammy skin possibly lasting 48 to 72 hours, colic, depression.
    Poison Toxic Principle:
    Glycosides: syringin (ligustrin), a glycoside; shikimic acid (lowest toxic dose 4,000mg); saponins, protoanemonin and others
    Causes Contact Dermatitis:
    No
    Poison Part:
    Fruits
    Leaves