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Ilex cornuta 'Dwarf Burford'

Phonetic Spelling
EYE-leks kor-NU-ta DWAR-f BUR-for-d
Description

A small broadleaf evergreen shrub in the Aquifoliaceae family.  It is a smaller, more compact form than 'Burfordii" and is commonly used as a specimen or planted in small groups or used as a hedge.  Female 'Dwarf Burford' plants are parthenocarpic (able to produce fruit without pollination), grow rapidly, and are easily transplanted.  The red berries and beautiful evergreen leaves persist through winter, giving it a great winter interest in a landscape.  It is a great selection for the south because once established it withstands heat and some drought. The shrub is fast-growing and, dense, and can grow up to 9 4/5 feet.

Plant in a protected location as it is sensitive to frost and winds. It needs average, medium moisture, well-drained soils in full sun to part shade. In hot summer climates, afternoon shade is appreciated. If planted in full sun, the plants will get more broad than it will get high.

Insects, Diseases, and Other Plant Problems: Generally pest free.  Potential insect include holly leaf miner, spider mites, whitefly, and scale. Potential diseases include leaf spot, leaf rot, tar spot, and powdery mildew. Plants are also susceptible to leaf drop, leaf scorch and chlorosis (yellowing of leaves in high pH soils). Winter hardiness can also be an issue so consider planting in a protected spot. Avoid poorly drained soils.

Quick ID Hints:

  • Leaves are alternate, dark green, and bullate.
  • Leaves are oblong (margins are parallel).
  • Leaves have a single spine at the apex.
  • Stems are yellow-green.
Cultivars / Varieties:
Tags:
#bees#fragrant#evergreen#birds#small tree#fragrant flowers#drought tolerant#specimen#red berries#wildlife plant#yellow-green#nectar plant#showy fruits#specialized bees#cpp#glossy leaves#red fruits#glossy#holly#fantz
 
Cultivars / Varieties:
Tags:
#bees#fragrant#evergreen#birds#small tree#fragrant flowers#drought tolerant#specimen#red berries#wildlife plant#yellow-green#nectar plant#showy fruits#specialized bees#cpp#glossy leaves#red fruits#glossy#holly#fantz
  • Attributes:
    Genus:
    Ilex
    Species:
    cornuta
    Family:
    Aquifoliaceae
    Life Cycle:
    Woody
    Recommended Propagation Strategy:
    Stem Cutting
    Wildlife Value:
    Showy fruits are attractive to birds. Members of the genus Ilex support the following specialized bee: Colletes banksi.
    Play Value:
    Buffer
    Sound
    Wildlife Food Source
    Wind Break
    Dimensions:
    Height: 11 ft. 0 in. - 8 ft. 0 in.
    Width: 8 ft. 0 in. - 10 ft. 0 in.
  • Whole Plant Traits:
    Plant Type:
    Shrub
    Tree
    Leaf Characteristics:
    Broadleaf Evergreen
    Habit/Form:
    Dense
    Rounded
    Spreading
    Growth Rate:
    Medium
    Maintenance:
    Medium
    Texture:
    Coarse
    Appendage:
    Spines
  • Cultural Conditions:
    Light:
    Full sun (6 or more hours of direct sunlight a day)
    Partial Shade (Direct sunlight only part of the day, 2-6 hours)
    Soil Texture:
    High Organic Matter
    Loam (Silt)
    Sand
    Soil pH:
    Acid (<6.0)
    Soil Drainage:
    Good Drainage
    Available Space To Plant:
    6-feet-12 feet
    NC Region:
    Coastal
    Mountains
    Piedmont
    Usda Plant Hardiness Zone:
    7a, 7b, 8a, 8b, 9a, 9b
  • Fruit:
    Fruit Color:
    Red/Burgundy
    Display/Harvest Time:
    Fall
    Winter
    Fruit Type:
    Berry
    Drupe
    Fruit Length:
    < 1 inch
    Fruit Width:
    < 1 inch
    Fruit Description:
    Plant produces bright red, globose berries that drupe. Fruits are produced in great quantities and often without pollination (parthenocarpically). Berries are retained through winter.
  • Flowers:
    Flower Color:
    White
    Flower Value To Gardener:
    Fragrant
    Flower Bloom Time:
    Spring
    Flower Size:
    < 1 inch
    Flower Description:
    Dioecious plants (male and female) fragrant but inconspicuous white flowers appear in May. Pollinated flowers turn into bright red drupes.
  • Leaves:
    Leaf Characteristics:
    Broadleaf Evergreen
    Leaf Color:
    Green
    Leaf Feel:
    Glossy
    Leathery
    Prickly
    Waxy
    Leaf Type:
    Simple
    Leaf Arrangement:
    Alternate
    Leaf Shape:
    Elliptical
    Oblong
    Hairs Present:
    No
    Leaf Length:
    1-3 inches
    Leaf Width:
    < 1 inch
    Leaf Description:
    Unusually shaped elliptic to oblong leaves (up to 4” long) have a single spine at the apex (although occasionally two spines will develop). Leaves are alternate, simple, coriaceous, dark glossy green and bullate with parallel margins. Leaves are generally smaller than 'Burfordii'.
  • Bark:
    Bark Color:
    Light Gray
    Surface/Attachment:
    Smooth
    Bark Description:
    Smooth gray
  • Stem:
    Stem Color:
    Green
    Stem Is Aromatic:
    No
    Stem Description:
    Stems are yellow-green in color.
  • Landscape:
    Landscape Location:
    Coastal
    Lawn
    Slope/Bank
    Landscape Theme:
    Drought Tolerant Garden
    Pollinator Garden
    Winter Garden
    Design Feature:
    Accent
    Barrier
    Border
    Foundation Planting
    Hedge
    Mass Planting
    Screen/Privacy
    Small groups
    Specimen
    Attracts:
    Bees
    Pollinators
    Songbirds
    Specialized Bees
    Problems:
    Spines/Thorns