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Ilex cornuta 'Dwarf Burford'

Description

A small broadleaf evergreen shrub in the Aquifoliaceae family.  It is commonly used as a speicmen or planted in small groups or used as a hedge.   Female 'Dwarf Burford' plants are parthenocarpic (able to produce fruit without pollination).  The red berries and beautiful evergreen leaves give it great winter interst in the landscpe.  It is a great selection for the south because once established it withstands heat and some drought.

Plant in a protected location as it is sensitive to frost and winds. It needs average, medium moisture, well-drained soils in full sun to part shade. In hot summer climates, afternoon shade is appreciated.

Insects, Diseases, and Other Plant Problems: Generally pest free.  Potential insect include holly leaf miner, spider mites, whitefly, and scale. Potential diseases include leaf spot, leaf rot, tar spot, and powdery mildew. Plants are also susceptible to leaf drop, leaf scorch and chlorosis (yellowing of leaves in high pH soils). Winter hardiness can also be an issue so consider planting in a protected spot. Avoid poorly drained soils.

Cultivars:
Tags:
#bees#fragrant#evergreen#birds#small tree#fragrant flowers#drought tolerant#specimen#wildlife plant#nectar plant#showy fruits#specialized bees#cpp
Cultivars:
Tags:
#bees#fragrant#evergreen#birds#small tree#fragrant flowers#drought tolerant#specimen#wildlife plant#nectar plant#showy fruits#specialized bees#cpp
  • Attributes:
    Genus:
    Ilex
    Species:
    cornuta
    Family:
    Aquifoliaceae
    Life Cycle:
    Woody
    Recommended Propagation Strategy:
    Stem Cutting
    Country Or Region Of Origin:
    Eastern China and Korea
    Wildlife Value:
    Showy fruits are attractive to birds. Members of the genus Ilex support the following specialized bee: Colletes banksi.
    Play Value:
    Buffer
    Sound
    Wildlife Enhancement
    Wind Screen
    Dimensions:
    Height: 11 ft. 0 in. - 8 ft. 0 in.
    Width: 8 ft. 0 in. - 10 ft. 0 in.
  • Whole Plant Traits:
    Plant Type:
    Shrub
    Tree
    Leaf Characteristics:
    Broadleaf Evergreen
    Habit/Form:
    Dense
    Rounded
    Spreading
    Growth Rate:
    Medium
    Maintenance:
    Medium
    Texture:
    Coarse
    Appendage:
    Spines
  • Cultural Conditions:
    Light:
    Full sun (6 or more hours of direct sunlight a day)
    Partial Shade (Direct sunlight only part of the day, 2-6 hours)
    Soil Texture:
    High Organic Matter
    Loam (Silt)
    Sand
    Soil pH:
    Acid (<6.0)
    Soil Drainage:
    Good Drainage
    Available Space To Plant:
    6-feet-12 feet
    NC Region:
    Coastal
    Mountains
    Piedmont
    Usda Plant Hardiness Zone:
    7a, 7b, 8a, 8b, 9a, 9b
  • Fruit:
    Fruit Color:
    Red/Burgundy
    Display/Harvest Time:
    Fall
    Winter
    Fruit Type:
    Berry
    Drupe
    Fruit Length:
    < 1 inch
    Fruit Width:
    < 1 inch
    Fruit Description:
    Bright red drupes
  • Flowers:
    Flower Color:
    White
    Flower Value To Gardener:
    Fragrant
    Flower Bloom Time:
    Spring
    Flower Size:
    < 1 inch
    Flower Description:
    Dioecious plants (male and female) fragrant but inconspicuous white flowers appear in May. Pollinated flowers turn into bright red drupes.
  • Leaves:
    Leaf Characteristics:
    Broadleaf Evergreen
    Leaf Color:
    Green
    Leaf Feel:
    Glossy
    Leathery
    Prickly
    Waxy
    Leaf Type:
    Simple
    Leaf Arrangement:
    Alternate
    Leaf Shape:
    Oblong
    Hairs Present:
    No
    Leaf Length:
    1-3 inches
    Leaf Width:
    < 1 inch
    Leaf Description:
    Unusually shaped rectangular leaves (to 4” long) have three large spines at the apex.
  • Bark:
    Bark Color:
    Light Gray
    Surface/Attachment:
    Smooth
    Bark Description:
    Smooth gray
  • Stem:
    Stem Color:
    Gray/Silver
    Stem Is Aromatic:
    No
  • Landscape:
    Landscape Location:
    Coastal
    Lawn
    Slope/Bank
    Landscape Theme:
    Drought Tolerant Garden
    Pollinator Garden
    Winter Garden
    Design Feature:
    Accent
    Barrier
    Border
    Foundation Planting
    Hedge
    Mass Planting
    Screen/Privacy
    Small groups
    Specimen
    Attracts:
    Bees
    Pollinators
    Songbirds
    Specialized Bees
    Problems:
    Spines/Thorns