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Ilex cornuta 'Carissa'

Description

'Carissa' is an excellent formal shrub that grows up to 1m. The plant is drought and heat tolerant and has dense, rounded, evergreen leaves. It thrives in the sun or partial shade and in poor, clay, and alkaline soils. 'Carissa' is less cold hardy than 'Dwarf Burford', but is just as easily transplantable. This plant has pest problems.

Quick ID Hints:

  • Translucent rim around the leaf margin.
  • Single spine at leaf apex.
  • Leaves are shiny and dark green above, but flat and olive green below.

 

Cultivars / Varieties:
Tags:
#bees#evergreen#yellow#birds#heat tolerant#drought tolerant#green#shrub#nectar plant#salt tolerant#specialized bees#cpp#transplant#glossy leaves#rounded#shimmer#pollinator plant
 
Cultivars / Varieties:
Tags:
#bees#evergreen#yellow#birds#heat tolerant#drought tolerant#green#shrub#nectar plant#salt tolerant#specialized bees#cpp#transplant#glossy leaves#rounded#shimmer#pollinator plant
  • Attributes:
    Genus:
    Ilex
    Species:
    cornuta
    Family:
    Aquifoliaceae
    Life Cycle:
    Woody
    Wildlife Value:
    Fruits are attractive to birds and bees. Members of the genus Ilex support the following specialized bee: Colletes banksi.
    Play Value:
    Wildlife Food Source
    Particularly Resistant To (Insects/Diseases/Other Problems):
    Resistant to damage by deer.
    Dimensions:
    Height: 3 ft. 0 in. - 4 ft. 0 in.
    Width: 4 ft. 0 in. - 6 ft. 0 in.
  • Whole Plant Traits:
    Plant Type:
    Shrub
    Leaf Characteristics:
    Broadleaf Evergreen
    Habit/Form:
    Dense
    Mounding
    Rounded
    Texture:
    Coarse
    Appendage:
    Spines
  • Cultural Conditions:
    Light:
    Full sun (6 or more hours of direct sunlight a day)
    Partial Shade (Direct sunlight only part of the day, 2-6 hours)
    Soil pH:
    Alkaline (>8.0)
    Available Space To Plant:
    6-feet-12 feet
    Usda Plant Hardiness Zone:
    7a, 7b, 8a, 8b, 9a, 9b
  • Fruit:
    Fruit Description:
    Fruit is generally not observed.
  • Flowers:
    Flower Color:
    White
    Flower Size:
    < 1 inch
    Flower Description:
    Non-showy flowers
  • Leaves:
    Leaf Characteristics:
    Broadleaf Evergreen
    Leaf Color:
    Green
    Leaf Feel:
    Glossy
    Leathery
    Prickly
    Leaf Value To Gardener:
    Good Cut
    Long-lasting
    Leaf Type:
    Simple
    Leaf Arrangement:
    Alternate
    Leaf Shape:
    Ovate
    Hairs Present:
    No
    Leaf Length:
    1-3 inches
    Leaf Width:
    1-3 inches
    Leaf Description:
    Alternate, simple, leathery, ovate, coriaceous, glossy dark olive-green leaves that are 2-3 inches in length. Leaves have a long, single terminal at the spine (only apical). Leaves have a transparent rim around the leaf margin that reflects light and appears to shimmer. Some leaves appear to be bullate.
  • Stem:
    Stem Color:
    Green
    Stem Is Aromatic:
    No
  • Landscape:
    Landscape Theme:
    Drought Tolerant Garden
    English Garden
    Design Feature:
    Border
    Hedge
    Attracts:
    Pollinators
    Songbirds
    Specialized Bees
    Resistance To Challenges:
    Deer
    Drought
    Salt