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Ilex cornuta 'Burfordii'

Common Name(s):

Description

Burford Holly is drought and heat tolerant and easily transplanted, but has pest problems. Burdford Holly is fast growing, dense, and can become a rounded large shrub, small tree (when lower branches are removed), or hedge. This plant has been used as foundation planting, but must be severely pruned. 

Quick ID Hints:

  • Leaves bullate with terminal spine (usually no lateral spines).
  • Abundant bright red fruit.
  • Stems are yellow-green in color.

 

More information on Ilex cornuta.

Cultivars / Varieties:
  • Burfordii Nana (compact form)
Tags:
#bees#evergreen#yellow#birds#small tree#heat tolerant#drought tolerant#wildlife plant#nectar plant#specialized bees#cpp#deer resistant#pollinator plant
 
Cultivars / Varieties:
  • Burfordii Nana (compact form)
Tags:
#bees#evergreen#yellow#birds#small tree#heat tolerant#drought tolerant#wildlife plant#nectar plant#specialized bees#cpp#deer resistant#pollinator plant
  • Attributes:
    Genus:
    Ilex
    Species:
    cornuta
    Family:
    Aquifoliaceae
    Life Cycle:
    Woody
    Recommended Propagation Strategy:
    Stem Cutting
    Wildlife Value:
    Fruits are attractive to birds. Flowers attract bees. Members of the genus Ilex support the following specialized bee: Colletes banksi.
    Play Value:
    Buffer
    Wildlife Food Source
    Dimensions:
    Height: 8 ft. 0 in. - 20 ft. 0 in.
    Width: 5 ft. 0 in. - 10 ft. 0 in.
  • Whole Plant Traits:
    Plant Type:
    Shrub
    Leaf Characteristics:
    Broadleaf Evergreen
    Habit/Form:
    Dense
    Rounded
    Spreading
    Growth Rate:
    Medium
    Maintenance:
    Medium
    Texture:
    Medium
    Appendage:
    Spines
  • Cultural Conditions:
    Light:
    Full sun (6 or more hours of direct sunlight a day)
    Soil Texture:
    Clay
    High Organic Matter
    Loam (Silt)
    Sand
    Shallow Rocky
    Soil pH:
    Acid (<6.0)
    Alkaline (>8.0)
    Soil Drainage:
    Good Drainage
    Available Space To Plant:
    6-feet-12 feet
    NC Region:
    Coastal
    Mountains
    Piedmont
    Usda Plant Hardiness Zone:
    7a, 7b, 8a, 8b, 9a, 9b
  • Fruit:
    Fruit Color:
    Red/Burgundy
    Fruit Value To Gardener:
    Long-lasting
    Display/Harvest Time:
    Fall
    Winter
    Fruit Type:
    Berry
    Fruit Length:
    < 1 inch
    Fruit Width:
    < 1 inch
    Fruit Description:
    Plant produces bright to dull red berries in clusters of 3-8 that are spiny only at the apex. Fruits are heavily produced without pollination (parthenocarpic) and persist into winter.
  • Flowers:
    Flower Color:
    White
    Flower Bloom Time:
    Spring
    Flower Size:
    < 1 inch
    Flower Description:
    Small, dull white flowers in spring; 0.2-0.3 in.
  • Leaves:
    Leaf Characteristics:
    Broadleaf Evergreen
    Leaf Color:
    Green
    Leaf Feel:
    Glossy
    Leathery
    Prickly
    Smooth
    Waxy
    Leaf Type:
    Simple
    Leaf Arrangement:
    Alternate
    Leaf Shape:
    Elliptical
    Oblong
    Leaf Margin:
    Entire
    Hairs Present:
    No
    Leaf Length:
    1-3 inches
    Leaf Description:
    Alternate, simple, glossy olive-green leaves that 2-3 in. in length. These small leaves have a single terminal spine at the apex, although occasionally two lateral spines will develop. These leaves are elliptic to oblong, coriaceaous, and bullate (appearing blistered). Margins are usually smooth.
  • Bark:
    Bark Color:
    Light Gray
    Surface/Attachment:
    Smooth
  • Stem:
    Stem Color:
    Green
    Stem Is Aromatic:
    No
  • Landscape:
    Landscape Location:
    Lawn
    Landscape Theme:
    Drought Tolerant Garden
    Pollinator Garden
    Rock Garden
    Winter Garden
    Design Feature:
    Accent
    Barrier
    Border
    Foundation Planting
    Hedge
    Mass Planting
    Screen/Privacy
    Specimen
    Attracts:
    Bees
    Pollinators
    Songbirds
    Specialized Bees
    Resistance To Challenges:
    Deer
    Drought
    Heat
    Problems:
    Spines/Thorns