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Hibiscus coccineus

Phonetic Spelling
hi-BIS-kus kok-SIN-ee-us
Description

Hibiscus coccineus or Hibiscus coccinea is a vigorous, sturdy, erect, woody-based perennial that typically grows 3-6' tall and features showy, hollyhock-like, 5-petaled, bright scarlet red flowers (3-5" diameter) borne in the upper leaf axils of the plant over a long, mid-summer to early fall bloom period. 

Flowers of red hibiscus are very large and striking, up to 6 in.wide. The large, bold leaves add to the striking effect. It can be used in wet areas, such as beside ponds or in boggy areas.  This plant is slightly salt tolerant.

It is a large plant for the rear of the perennial border, mixed border or courtyard. Also effective when grouped in moist locations such as along the edge of a pond or stream. This plant is susceptible to damage from deer.

Sometimes commonly called swamp hibiscus because it is native to marshes and swamps in Alabama, Georgia, and Florida.


Seasons of Interest: 

  Blooms:  Summer            Nut/Fruit/Seed:  Fall

Insects, Diseases, or Other Plant Problems: It has some susceptibility to blight, canker, rust, leaf spots, aphids, scale, whiteflies, and Japanese beetle. Taller plants may need staking.

 

Cultivars:
Tags:
#bees#hummingbirds#red#butterflies#sun#pollinators#summer#perennial#wildlife plant#showy#nectar plant#salt tolerant#wet sites#specialized bees#pollinator garden
Cultivars:
Tags:
#bees#hummingbirds#red#butterflies#sun#pollinators#summer#perennial#wildlife plant#showy#nectar plant#salt tolerant#wet sites#specialized bees#pollinator garden
  • Attributes:
    Genus:
    Hibiscus
    Species:
    coccineus
    Family:
    Malvaceae
    Life Cycle:
    Perennial
    Woody
    Recommended Propagation Strategy:
    Seed
    Stem Cutting
    Distribution:
    Alabama, Georgia, Florida
    Wildlife Value:
    Its flowers are attractive to hummingbirds, butterflies, and other pollinators.  Members of the genus Hibiscus support the following specialized bee: Ptilothrix bombiformis.
    Play Value:
    Wildlife Enhancement
    Dimensions:
    Height: 3 ft. 0 in. - 6 ft. 0 in.
    Width: 2 ft. 0 in. - 3 ft. 0 in.
  • Whole Plant Traits:
    Plant Type:
    Herb
    Native Plant
    Perennial
    Wildflower
    Leaf Characteristics:
    Deciduous
    Habit/Form:
    Erect
    Growth Rate:
    Medium
    Maintenance:
    Low
    Texture:
    Coarse
  • Cultural Conditions:
    Light:
    Full sun (6 or more hours of direct sunlight a day)
    Partial Shade (Direct sunlight only part of the day, 2-6 hours)
    Soil Drainage:
    Occasionally Wet
    Available Space To Plant:
    3 feet-6 feet
    NC Region:
    Coastal
    Piedmont
    Usda Plant Hardiness Zone:
    5b, 6b, 7a, 7b, 8a, 8b, 9a, 9b
  • Fruit:
    Display/Harvest Time:
    Fall
  • Flowers:
    Flower Color:
    Red/Burgundy
    Flower Value To Gardener:
    Showy
    Flower Bloom Time:
    Summer
    Flower Shape:
    Radial
    Flower Petals:
    4-5 petals/rays
    Flower Size:
    3-6 inches
    Flower Description:
    Showy center staminal column
  • Leaves:
    Leaf Characteristics:
    Deciduous
    Leaf Color:
    Green
    Leaf Type:
    Compound (Pinnately , Bipinnately, Palmately)
    Leaf Margin:
    Serrate
    Hairs Present:
    No
    Leaf Width:
    3-6 inches
    Leaf Description:
    Deep green, finely toothed
  • Stem:
    Stem Is Aromatic:
    No
  • Landscape:
    Landscape Location:
    Pond
    Riparian
    Landscape Theme:
    Butterfly Garden
    Native Garden
    Pollinator Garden
    Rain Garden
    Design Feature:
    Accent
    Border
    Small groups
    Attracts:
    Butterflies
    Hummingbirds
    Pollinators
    Specialized Bees
    Resistance To Challenges:
    Salt
    Wet Soil