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Vernonia noveboracensis is often confused with:
Eutrochium dubium Eutrochium dubium
Plants that fill a similar niche:
Viola striata Viola striata
Monarda didyma Flowers
Solidago chilensis Solidago odora in the fall in Moore County

Vernonia noveboracensis

Phonetic Spelling
ver-NOH-nee-ah no-vee-bor-ah-SEN-sis
Description

Ironweed is an herbaceous native perennial wildflower in the Asteraceae family. It may grow 8 to 10 feet tall.  Deep purple flowers appear in clusters from mid-summer to mid-fall. This low maintenance wildflower naturalizes easily and works well in a rain garden, cottage garden, meadow or the background of a border.

Fire Risk: This plant has a medium flammability rating. 

Seasons of Interest: 

     Bloom: Late Summer/Fall; Fruit/Seed/Nut: Fall 
 

Cultivars / Varieties:
Tags:
#bees#purple#sun#showy flowers#partial shade#rain garden#fall flowers#perennial#wildlife plant#purple flowers#native perennial#nectar plant#low maintenance#cottage garden#meadow#specialized bees#moist soil#food source#fire#medium flammability#summer flowers#naturalizes#hairy leaves#pollinator plant#native wildflower#wildflower garden#mid-summer flowers#food source fall#NC Native Pollinator Plant#late summer flowers#border back#food source nectar#food source pollen#Coastal FACW#Piedmont Mountains FACW#flowers early fall#food source hard mast fruit#butterfly friendly
 
Cultivars / Varieties:
Tags:
#bees#purple#sun#showy flowers#partial shade#rain garden#fall flowers#perennial#wildlife plant#purple flowers#native perennial#nectar plant#low maintenance#cottage garden#meadow#specialized bees#moist soil#food source#fire#medium flammability#summer flowers#naturalizes#hairy leaves#pollinator plant#native wildflower#wildflower garden#mid-summer flowers#food source fall#NC Native Pollinator Plant#late summer flowers#border back#food source nectar#food source pollen#Coastal FACW#Piedmont Mountains FACW#flowers early fall#food source hard mast fruit#butterfly friendly
  • Attributes:
    Genus:
    Vernonia
    Species:
    noveboracensis
    Family:
    Asteraceae
    Life Cycle:
    Perennial
    Country Or Region Of Origin:
    Eastern and southeastern United States
    Fire Risk Rating:
    medium flammability
    Wildlife Value:
    Flowers are attractive to butterflies, bees and other pollinators. Songbirds eat the seeds. Members of the genus Vernonia support the following specialized bee: Melissodes (Eumelissodes) denticulatus.
    Play Value:
    Wildlife Food Source
    Particularly Resistant To (Insects/Diseases/Other Problems):
    There is high deer resistance.
    Dimensions:
    Height: 8 ft. 0 in. - 10 ft. 0 in.
    Width: 3 ft. 0 in. - 4 ft. 0 in.
  • Whole Plant Traits:
    Plant Type:
    Herb
    Native Plant
    Perennial
    Wildflower
    Woody Plant Leaf Characteristics:
    Deciduous
    Maintenance:
    Low
  • Cultural Conditions:
    Light:
    Full sun (6 or more hours of direct sunlight a day)
    Partial Shade (Direct sunlight only part of the day, 2-6 hours)
    Soil Texture:
    High Organic Matter
    Soil pH:
    Acid (<6.0)
    Soil Drainage:
    Moist
    Occasionally Wet
    Available Space To Plant:
    3 feet-6 feet
    NC Region:
    Coastal
    Mountains
    Piedmont
    USDA Plant Hardiness Zone:
    5a, 5b, 6a, 6b, 7a, 7b, 8a, 8b, 9a, 9b
  • Fruit:
    Fruit Color:
    Brown/Copper
    Display/Harvest Time:
    Fall
    Fruit Description:
    Rusty colored seeds. Displays from August to October
  • Flowers:
    Flower Color:
    Purple/Lavender
    Flower Inflorescence:
    Cyme
    Flower Value To Gardener:
    Showy
    Flower Bloom Time:
    Fall
    Summer
    Flower Size:
    3-6 inches
    Flower Description:
    Showy tiny, fluffy, deep purple, composite flowers (rays absent) in loose, 3'-4" wide, terminal clusters (cymes). Blooms from July to September
  • Leaves:
    Woody Plant Leaf Characteristics:
    Deciduous
    Leaf Color:
    Green
    Leaf Type:
    Simple
    Leaf Arrangement:
    Alternate
    Leaf Margin:
    Serrate
    Hairs Present:
    Yes
    Leaf Description:
    Alternate and finely toothed with a downy underside.
  • Stem:
    Stem Color:
    Brown/Copper
    Green
    Stem Is Aromatic:
    No
    Stem Description:
    Leafy stems green to rusty color are stiff and reach 4'-6'
  • Landscape:
    Landscape Location:
    Meadow
    Naturalized Area
    Landscape Theme:
    Butterfly Garden
    Cottage Garden
    Native Garden
    Pollinator Garden
    Rain Garden
    Design Feature:
    Border
    Attracts:
    Bees
    Butterflies
    Pollinators
    Songbirds
    Specialized Bees
    Resistance To Challenges:
    Deer
    Wet Soil