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Vernonia noveboracensis is often confused with:
Eutrochium dubium Eutrochium dubium
Plants that fill a similar niche:
Solidago chilensis Solidago odora in the fall in Moore County
Monarda didyma plant with Lantana camara 'Miss Huff' in summer in Moore County
Solidago caesia Solidago caesia

Vernonia noveboracensis

Phonetic Spelling
ver-NOH-nee-ah no-vee-bor-ah-SEN-sis
Description

Ironweed is an herbaceous native perennial wildflower in the Asteraceae family. It may grow 8 to 10 feet tall.  Deep purple flowers appear in clusters from mid-summer to mid-fall. This low maintenance wildflower naturalizes easily and works well in a rain garden, cottage garden, meadow or the background of a border.

Fire Risk: This plant has a medium flammability rating. 

Seasons of Interest: 

     Bloom: Late Summer/Fall; Fruit/Seed/Nut: Fall 
 

Cultivars / Varieties:
Tags:
#bees#purple#butterflies#sun#showy flowers#partial shade#rain garden#fall flowers#perennial#wildlife plant#purple flowers#wildflowers#native perennial#nectar plant#low maintenance#cottage garden#meadow#specialized bees#moist soil#food source#fire#medium flammability#summer flowers#naturalizes#hairy leaves#pollinator plant#native wildflower#fall food source#mid-summer flowers#NC Native Pollinator Plant#late summer flowers#early fall flowers#mid-fall flowers#summer food source#border back
 
Cultivars / Varieties:
Tags:
#bees#purple#butterflies#sun#showy flowers#partial shade#rain garden#fall flowers#perennial#wildlife plant#purple flowers#wildflowers#native perennial#nectar plant#low maintenance#cottage garden#meadow#specialized bees#moist soil#food source#fire#medium flammability#summer flowers#naturalizes#hairy leaves#pollinator plant#native wildflower#fall food source#mid-summer flowers#NC Native Pollinator Plant#late summer flowers#early fall flowers#mid-fall flowers#summer food source#border back
  • Attributes:
    Genus:
    Vernonia
    Species:
    noveboracensis
    Family:
    Asteraceae
    Life Cycle:
    Perennial
    Country Or Region Of Origin:
    Eastern and southeastern United States
    Fire Risk Rating:
    medium flammability
    Wildlife Value:
    Flowers are attractive to butterflies, bees and other pollinators. Songbirds eat the seeds. Members of the genus Vernonia support the following specialized bee: Melissodes (Eumelissodes) denticulatus.
    Play Value:
    Wildlife Food Source
    Particularly Resistant To (Insects/Diseases/Other Problems):
    There is high deer resistance.
  • Whole Plant Traits:
    Plant Type:
    Herb
    Native Plant
    Perennial
    Wildflower
    Leaf Characteristics:
    Deciduous
    Maintenance:
    Low
  • Cultural Conditions:
    Light:
    Full sun (6 or more hours of direct sunlight a day)
    Partial Shade (Direct sunlight only part of the day, 2-6 hours)
    Soil Texture:
    High Organic Matter
    Soil pH:
    Acid (<6.0)
    Soil Drainage:
    Moist
    Occasionally Wet
    Available Space To Plant:
    3 feet-6 feet
    NC Region:
    Coastal
    Mountains
    Piedmont
    Usda Plant Hardiness Zone:
    5a, 5b, 6a, 6b, 7a, 7b, 8a, 8b, 9a, 9b
  • Fruit:
    Fruit Color:
    Brown/Copper
    Display/Harvest Time:
    Fall
    Fruit Description:
    Rusty colored seeds
  • Flowers:
    Flower Color:
    Purple/Lavender
    Flower Inflorescence:
    Cyme
    Flower Value To Gardener:
    Showy
    Flower Bloom Time:
    Fall
    Summer
    Flower Size:
    3-6 inches
    Flower Description:
    Showy tiny, fluffy, deep purple, composite flowers (rays absent) in loose, 3'-4" wide, terminal clusters (cymes)
  • Leaves:
    Leaf Characteristics:
    Deciduous
    Leaf Color:
    Green
    Leaf Type:
    Simple
    Leaf Arrangement:
    Alternate
    Leaf Margin:
    Serrate
    Hairs Present:
    Yes
    Leaf Description:
    Alternate and finely toothed with a downy underside.
  • Stem:
    Stem Color:
    Brown/Copper
    Green
    Stem Is Aromatic:
    No
    Stem Description:
    Leafy stems green to rusty color are stiff and reach 4'-6'
  • Landscape:
    Landscape Location:
    Meadow
    Naturalized Area
    Landscape Theme:
    Butterfly Garden
    Cottage Garden
    Native Garden
    Pollinator Garden
    Rain Garden
    Design Feature:
    Border
    Attracts:
    Bees
    Butterflies
    Pollinators
    Songbirds
    Specialized Bees
    Resistance To Challenges:
    Deer
    Wet Soil