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Similar but less problematic plants:
Echinacea pallida Echinacea pallida
Heuchera villosa is often confused with:
Heuchera 'Berry Smoothie' Purple-red leaves
Heuchera sanguinea form, flowers and leaves
Plants that fill a similar niche:
Viola pubescens Form
Viola canadensis Viola canadensis
Verbena canadensis Verbena canadensis

Hairy Alumroot Heuchera villosa

Other Common Name(s):

Previously known as:

  • Heuchera villosa var. macrorhiza
  • Heuchera villosa var. villosa
Phonetic Spelling
HEW-ker-ah vil-OH-suh
Description

Heuchera villosa is a low mounding evergreen wildflower, found in moist rich woods, rocky wooded slopes, ledges, and cliffs. They grow best in part shade or filtered sun in moist well-drained humus-rich soil. Heuchera villosa is heat and humidity tolerant, one of the largest alumroots and is the latest to bloom. It is moderately drought tolerant, but scorching and general plant decline may occur if soil totally dries out.

The two subspecies are Heuchera villosa var. macrorhiza, found mainly west of the Appalachian mountains in neutral or alkaline soil, and the more common Heuchera villosa var. villosa, found in acidic soils in the Appalachians and eastward.

The genus name Heuchera is in honor of the 18th-century German physician, botanist, and medicinal plant expert Johann von Heucher. Villosa means covered with soft hairs.

Learn more about Heuchera spp.

 

VIDEO Created by Elisabeth Meyer for "Annuals, Perennials, Vines, and Groundcovers" a plant identification course offered in partnership with Longwood Gardens. 

 

 

Profile Video:
See this plant in the following landscape:
Cultivars / Varieties:
  • 'Autumn Bride'
    Fuzzy green leaves, white flowers, requires part to full shade
  • Brownies
    Dark green foliage with pale, purplish-brown underside. Not for full sun
  • Carmel
    Apricot new growth fades to soft amber. Fall color is salmon red
'Autumn Bride', Brownies, Carmel
Tags:
#cultivars#bees#white#evergreen#partial shade#heat tolerant#fall flowers#foliage#perennial#white flowers#wildlife plant#partial sun#native perennial#nectar plant#piedmont#shade garden#apvg#fall interest#rabbit resistant#specialized bees#moist soil#food source#cpp#NC native#well-drained soil#perennial flowers#summer flowers#deer resistant#native garden#mountains#rich soil#groundcover#fall fruits#summer interest#rock gardens#native groundcover#pollinator plant#native wildflower#wildflower garden#fantz#summer fruits#food source summer#forb#food source nectar#food source pollen#humidity tolerant#fruits#native#perennials#fruit#part sun#part shade#apvg-p#wildlife plants#wildlife#pollinators#pollinator garden#wildflower#bee friendly#audubon#woodlands
 
Cultivars / Varieties:
  • 'Autumn Bride'
    Fuzzy green leaves, white flowers, requires part to full shade
  • Brownies
    Dark green foliage with pale, purplish-brown underside. Not for full sun
  • Carmel
    Apricot new growth fades to soft amber. Fall color is salmon red
'Autumn Bride', Brownies, Carmel
Tags:
#cultivars#bees#white#evergreen#partial shade#heat tolerant#fall flowers#foliage#perennial#white flowers#wildlife plant#partial sun#native perennial#nectar plant#piedmont#shade garden#apvg#fall interest#rabbit resistant#specialized bees#moist soil#food source#cpp#NC native#well-drained soil#perennial flowers#summer flowers#deer resistant#native garden#mountains#rich soil#groundcover#fall fruits#summer interest#rock gardens#native groundcover#pollinator plant#native wildflower#wildflower garden#fantz#summer fruits#food source summer#forb#food source nectar#food source pollen#humidity tolerant#fruits#native#perennials#fruit#part sun#part shade#apvg-p#wildlife plants#wildlife#pollinators#pollinator garden#wildflower#bee friendly#audubon#woodlands
  • Attributes:
    Genus:
    Heuchera
    Species:
    villosa
    Family:
    Saxifragaceae
    Life Cycle:
    Perennial
    Recommended Propagation Strategy:
    Division
    Country Or Region Of Origin:
    Eastern United States - native from New York to northern Georgia
    Distribution:
    Greatest distribution is in West Virginia, Virginia, North Carolina, Kentucky, and Tennessee.
    Wildlife Value:
    Members of the genus Heuchera support the specialized bee: Colletes aestivalis. Tannin in the foliage makes it unappetizing to deer and rabbits. Bees and other pollinators enjoy the nectar from the flowers.
    Play Value:
    Attractive Flowers
    Attracts Pollinators
    Wildlife Food Source
    Dimensions:
    Height: 0 ft. 8 in. - 2 ft. 8 in.
    Width: 1 ft. 6 in. - 2 ft. 0 in.
  • Whole Plant Traits:
    Plant Type:
    Herb
    Herbaceous Perennial
    Native Plant
    Perennial
    Wildflower
    Woody Plant Leaf Characteristics:
    Broadleaf Evergreen
    Habit/Form:
    Mounding
    Maintenance:
    Low
  • Cultural Conditions:
    Light:
    Dappled Sunlight (Shade through upper canopy all day)
    Partial Shade (Direct sunlight only part of the day, 2-6 hours)
    Soil Texture:
    High Organic Matter
    Soil pH:
    Acid (<6.0)
    Alkaline (>8.0)
    Neutral (6.0-8.0)
    Soil Drainage:
    Good Drainage
    Moist
    NC Region:
    Coastal
    Mountains
    Piedmont
    USDA Plant Hardiness Zone:
    3a, 3b, 4b, 4a, 5b, 5a, 6b, 6a, 7a, 7b, 8b, 8a
  • Fruit:
    Display/Harvest Time:
    Fall
    Summer
    Fruit Type:
    Capsule
    Fruit Width:
    < 1 inch
    Fruit Description:
    In North Carolina, the fruits are available from July to November.
  • Flowers:
    Flower Color:
    Pink
    White
    Flower Inflorescence:
    Panicle
    Flower Bloom Time:
    Fall
    Spring
    Summer
    Flower Shape:
    Bell
    Flower Description:
    Small flowers have prominent sepals, inconspicuous petals and extended pistils and stamens. The petioles and flowering stems are hairy. In North Carolina, the flowers are available from June to October.
  • Leaves:
    Woody Plant Leaf Characteristics:
    Broadleaf Evergreen
    Leaf Color:
    Gold/Yellow
    Purple/Lavender
    Red/Burgundy
    Leaf Feel:
    Velvety
    Leaf Value To Gardener:
    Long-lasting
    Showy
    Leaf Type:
    Simple
    Leaf Arrangement:
    Rosulate
    Leaf Shape:
    Palmatifid
    Leaf Margin:
    Serrate
    Hairs Present:
    Yes
    Leaf Length:
    3-6 inches
    Leaf Width:
    3-6 inches
    Leaf Description:
    Basal leaves are bronze or purple and have 5-9 sharp lobes and are often compared to maple. They are 2-4.5 inches, long-stalked and have hairy stems.
  • Stem:
    Stem Is Aromatic:
    No
  • Landscape:
    Landscape Location:
    Container
    Slope/Bank
    Walkways
    Woodland
    Landscape Theme:
    Drought Tolerant Garden
    Native Garden
    Pollinator Garden
    Rock Garden
    Shade Garden
    Design Feature:
    Border
    Mass Planting
    Small groups
    Attracts:
    Pollinators
    Specialized Bees
    Resistance To Challenges:
    Black Walnut
    Deer
    Heat
    Humidity
    Rabbits