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Viola papilionacea

Common Name(s):
Common blue violet, Hooded blue violet, Wood violet
Edible Plants, Perennials

Viola papilionacea, known as the common blue violet, is a stemless herbaceous perennial in the Violaceae family. It appears in woods, thickets, and along streambeds. It has glossy green heart-shaped leaves. The purple flowers have white throats and the three lower petals are somewhat hairy. The erect flower stem droops slightly and the flowers bend toward the ground.  Tolerates clay soil and being planted near black walnut trees.

Seasons of Interest:

     Bloom: Spring-Summer, April-August

Wildlife Value: Nectar from the flowers attract butterflies and bees.  Members of the genus Viola support the following specialized bees: Andrena (Gonandrena) fragilisAndrena (Gonandrena) integraand Andrena (Gonandrena) platypariaThis plant is resistant to damage by deer.

Insects, Diseases and Other Problems: No serious insect or disease problems. It self-seeds freely and in lawns and gardens can become a weed. 



.5-.75 ft.
Flower Color:
White, blue
Zones 3-7
Full sun to partial shade
Humusy, moisture retentive
Eastern North America
Young leaves can be used in salads or cooked as greens. Flowers are often added to salads or desserts.
cpp, edible weed, weed, edible, deer resistant, clay soil

NCCES plant id: 2849

Viola papilionacea Whole plant
Jack Pearce, CC-BY-SA-2.0
Viola papilionacea Leaves
Jack Pearce, CC-BY-SA-2.0
Viola papilionacea Flower
Josh Mayer, CC-BY-SA-2.0
Viola papilionacea Flower
Jack Pearce, CC-BY-SA-2.0