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Dryopteris

Phonetic Spelling
dry-OP-ter-iss
Description

Wood Ferns love to grow in the shade and make a great addition to woodland gardens.  They prefer moist, rich, well-drained woodland soil.  A few species are found in swamps but most do not require wet habitats.

The rhizome is stout, either short-creeping or as an erect crown.  The scales, especially dense on the fiddleheads and on the bases of the fronds are tan, black, brown, or gold.  The fronds are usually of medium size and erect or arching. Many species are evergreen.

 

VIDEO Created by NC State Extension's Homegrown series featuring Mark Weathington, Director of JC Raulston Arboretum.

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See this plant in the following landscape:
Cultivars / Varieties:
Dryopteris abbreviata, Dryopteris australis, Dryopteris carthesiana, Dryopteris celsa, Dryopteris cristata, Dryopteris dilatata, Dryopteris erythrosora, Dryopteris filix-mas, Dryopteris goldieana, Dryopteris intermedia, Dryopteris ludoviciana, Dryopteris marginalis, Dryopteris sieboldii, Dryopteris villarii, Dryopteris wallichiana
Tags:
 
Cultivars / Varieties:
Dryopteris abbreviata, Dryopteris australis, Dryopteris carthesiana, Dryopteris celsa, Dryopteris cristata, Dryopteris dilatata, Dryopteris erythrosora, Dryopteris filix-mas, Dryopteris goldieana, Dryopteris intermedia, Dryopteris ludoviciana, Dryopteris marginalis, Dryopteris sieboldii, Dryopteris villarii, Dryopteris wallichiana
Tags:
  • Attributes:
    Genus:
    Dryopteris
    Family:
    Polypodiaceae
    Life Cycle:
    Perennial
    Country Or Region Of Origin:
    Cosmopolitan
    Particularly Resistant To (Insects/Diseases/Other Problems):
    heavy shade, deer
  • Whole Plant Traits:
    Plant Type:
    Fern
    Perennial
  • Cultural Conditions:
    Light:
    Deep shade (Less than 2 hours to no direct sunlight)
    Partial Shade (Direct sunlight only part of the day, 2-6 hours)
  • Fruit:
    Fruit Description:
    No fruits. This plant reproduces via spores.
  • Flowers:
    Flower Description:
    No flowers.
  • Leaves:
    Leaf Color:
    Green
    Leaf Type:
    Compound (Pinnately , Bipinnately, Palmately)
    Fronds
    Hairs Present:
    No
  • Stem:
    Stem Is Aromatic:
    No
  • Landscape:
    Landscape Location:
    Woodland
    Landscape Theme:
    Shade Garden
    Resistance To Challenges:
    Deer
    Heavy Shade