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Butterfly Bush Buddleja davidii

Phonetic Spelling
bud-LAY-yah dah-VID-ee-eye
Description

Butterfly Bush is a rapidly growing, deciduous, drought-tolerant shrub native to Asia.  Plant it in the full sun in well drained soil.   It is easy to transplant and flowers on new growth which appear from summer through the first frost.  The best flowers appear when plant is severely pruned in late winter.  It is an an excellent choice summer flowering shrub border for mass planting.  This plant is slightly salt tolerant.

Insect, Disease, and Other Plant Problems:  Spider mites can become a problem during drought.  In other parts of the country like the Pacific Northwest this plant is highly weedy and other options should be investigated.

Quick ID Hints:

  • opposite, simple leaves
  • tomentose underside on leaves
  • cane-like growth
  • inflorescence terminal, panicles. 
See this plant in the following landscapes:
Davidson County Demo Garden Entryway Garden, Cabarrus County Extension Office Flower Bonanza Garden Rock & Water Garden Walkway at the Park Cottage Style Foundation Planting
Cultivars / Varieties:
'Evil Ways', 'Harlequin', 'Nanho Purple', 'Royal Red'
Tags:
#showy flowers#deciduous#fragrant flowers#drought tolerant#purple flowers#weedy#salt tolerant#mass planting#playground#fast growing#cpp#children's garden#borders#agressive#pollinator plant#fantz#butterfly friendly
 
Cultivars / Varieties:
'Evil Ways', 'Harlequin', 'Nanho Purple', 'Royal Red'
Tags:
#showy flowers#deciduous#fragrant flowers#drought tolerant#purple flowers#weedy#salt tolerant#mass planting#playground#fast growing#cpp#children's garden#borders#agressive#pollinator plant#fantz#butterfly friendly
  • Attributes:
    Genus:
    Buddleja
    Species:
    davidi
    Family:
    Scrophulariaceae
    Life Cycle:
    Perennial
    Woody
    Country Or Region Of Origin:
    Tibet to S. Central China
    Wildlife Value:
    Butterflies, hummingbirds, pollinators are attracted to this rich nectar source. Blossoms have a honey-like fragrance.
    Play Value:
    Attractive Flowers
    Attracts Pollinators
    Colorful
    Fragrance
    Wildlife Food Source
    Particularly Resistant To (Insects/Diseases/Other Problems):
    This plant is seldom damaged by deer
    Dimensions:
    Height: 5 ft. 0 in. - 12 ft. 0 in.
    Width: 8 ft. 0 in. - 10 ft. 0 in.
  • Whole Plant Traits:
    Plant Type:
    Perennial
    Shrub
    Woody Plant Leaf Characteristics:
    Deciduous
    Habit/Form:
    Multi-stemmed
    Open
    Growth Rate:
    Rapid
    Maintenance:
    Medium
    Texture:
    Coarse
  • Cultural Conditions:
    Light:
    Full sun (6 or more hours of direct sunlight a day)
    Soil Texture:
    Sand
    Shallow Rocky
    Soil pH:
    Neutral (6.0-8.0)
    Soil Drainage:
    Good Drainage
    Occasionally Wet
    Available Space To Plant:
    6-feet-12 feet
    NC Region:
    Coastal
    Mountains
    Piedmont
    USDA Plant Hardiness Zone:
    5a, 5b, 6b, 6a, 7a, 7b, 8a, 8b, 9b, 9a
  • Fruit:
    Fruit Description:
    Two-valved, septicidal, 1/4-1/3" long capsule
  • Flowers:
    Flower Color:
    Gold/Yellow
    Pink
    Purple/Lavender
    White
    Flower Inflorescence:
    Cyme
    Panicle
    Flower Value To Gardener:
    Fragrant
    Long Bloom Season
    Flower Bloom Time:
    Spring
    Summer
    Flower Shape:
    Funnel
    Flower Petals:
    fused petals
    Flower Size:
    < 1 inch
    Flower Description:
    Small, growing on 4-10" panicles. Best flowers appear when plant is severely pruned in late winter. Terminal panical of cymes. Perfect, usually lilac, orange at the mouth, fragrant; stemens enclosed in corolla.
  • Leaves:
    Woody Plant Leaf Characteristics:
    Deciduous
    Leaf Color:
    Blue
    Gray/Silver
    Green
    White
    Leaf Feel:
    Rough
    Leaf Value To Gardener:
    Long-lasting
    Leaf Type:
    Simple
    Leaf Arrangement:
    Opposite
    Leaf Shape:
    Lanceolate
    Ovate
    Hairs Present:
    No
    Leaf Length:
    3-6 inches
    Leaf Width:
    3-6 inches
    Leaf Description:
    opposite, simple, ovate-lanceolate to lanceolate, 4-10" long, wide accuminate, dark green above and glabrous, white tomentose beneath, petiole is very short. opposite, simple, ovate-lanceolate to lanceolate, 4-10" long, wide accuminate, dark green above and glabrous, white tomentose beneath, petiole is very short. opposite, simple, ovate-lanceolate to lanceolate, 4-10" long, wide accuminate, dark green above and glabrous, white tomentose beneath, petiole is very short. opposite, simple, ovate-lanceolate to lanceolate, 4-10" long, wide accuminate, dark green above and glabrous, white tomentose beneath, petiole is very short. opposite, simple, ovate-lanceolate to lanceolate, 4-10" long, wide accuminate, dark green above and glabrous, white tomentose beneath, petiole is very short. Emerges late spring. Opposite, simple, ovate-lanceolate to lanceolate, 4-10" long, wide accuminate, dark green above and glabrous, white tomentose beneath, petiole is very short.
  • Stem:
    Stem Is Aromatic:
    No
  • Landscape:
    Landscape Location:
    Coastal
    Lawn
    Recreational Play Area
    Landscape Theme:
    Butterfly Garden
    Children's Garden
    Cottage Garden
    Drought Tolerant Garden
    Pollinator Garden
    Design Feature:
    Mass Planting
    Specimen
    Attracts:
    Butterflies
    Hummingbirds
    Pollinators
    Predatory Insects
    Resistance To Challenges:
    Deer
    Drought
    Heat
    Salt
    Problems:
    Weedy