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Hemerocallis

Common Name(s):

Phonetic Spelling
hem-eh-roh-KAL-iss
Description

Old-fashioned orange and yellow daylilies have been hybridized to produce modern daylilies in a rainbow of colors and with flowering times from spring through summer.  Plant in full sun to partial shade in well-drained soil high in organic matter.  When planting, cover tubers in 1 inch (2.5 cm) of soil; it is not usually necessary to lift and store them for the winter.  Propagate plants by division in the fall or spring.  These plants are frequently damaged by deer but are highly salt tolerant.  They are excellent to plant along banks and slopes and provide a nectar source for butterflies and hummingbirds.  However, they are toxic to cats, so be mindful of where you place these plants if you are a pet owner.

The genus name is derived from the Greek words hemera– day– and kallos– beauty– referring to the fact that each flower only lasts a day.

The flower tastes like asparagus or zucchini and can be eaten fresh, fried, or dried.  It may act as a diuretic or laxative so eat in moderation.  It has also been used in soap.

Quick ID Hints:

  • Tall erect herbs with grass-like leaves
  • Leaves often folded somewhat
  • Flowers large to gigantic, reds to yellows
  • Flowers with narrow tube opening to large bell-sha

Clump-forming, erect perennial herbs. 

Blooms early summer to frost; numerous cultivars, varying in plant size, flower size, color & degree of maculation; flowers ephemeral, lasting about one day; utilized in rock gardens, specimens, borders, containers, tree bases; floral color may fade in full sun. 

Prefers full sun to partial shade, high fertile organic soils that are well-drained; no serious pest-disease problems.

Family name previously Liliaceae

Cultivars / Varieties:
Tags:
#fragrant#hummingbirds#butterflies#hardy#showy flowers#deciduous#pink flowers#tuberous roots#many colors#yellow flowers#salt tolerant#orange flowers#tuberous#apvg#playground#cpp#well-drained soil#bulbs#burgundy#children's garden#perennials#summer bulbs#rich soil#spring bulbs#hybrids#pollinator plant#fantz
 
Cultivars / Varieties:
Tags:
#fragrant#hummingbirds#butterflies#hardy#showy flowers#deciduous#pink flowers#tuberous roots#many colors#yellow flowers#salt tolerant#orange flowers#tuberous#apvg#playground#cpp#well-drained soil#bulbs#burgundy#children's garden#perennials#summer bulbs#rich soil#spring bulbs#hybrids#pollinator plant#fantz
  • Attributes:
    Genus:
    Hemerocallis
    Family:
    Hemerocallidaceae
    Uses (Ethnobotany):
    Used in many Chinese dishes and also in soap.
    Life Cycle:
    Bulb
    Perennial
    Recommended Propagation Strategy:
    Division
    Country Or Region Of Origin:
    Asia, hybrid origin
    Wildlife Value:
    Attracts butterflies and birds.
    Play Value:
    Attractive Flowers
    Attracts Pollinators
    Fragrance
    Bulb Storage:
    Not normally necessary but if desired, store tuberous roots in moist peat or vermiculite at 35-45 degrees F (2-7C)
    Edibility:
    The flower tastes like asparagus or zucchini and can be eaten fresh, fried, or dried. It may act as a diuretic or laxative so eat in moderation.
    Dimensions:
    Height: 1 ft. 0 in. - 3 ft. 0 in.
    Width: 1 ft. 0 in. - 3 ft. 0 in.
  • Whole Plant Traits:
    Plant Type:
    Bulb
    Ground Cover
    Herbaceous Perennial
    Perennial
    Leaf Characteristics:
    Deciduous
    Habit/Form:
    Arching
    Clumping
    Spreading
    Growth Rate:
    Medium
    Maintenance:
    Low
    Texture:
    Medium
  • Cultural Conditions:
    Light:
    Full sun (6 or more hours of direct sunlight a day)
    Partial Shade (Direct sunlight only part of the day, 2-6 hours)
    Soil Texture:
    High Organic Matter
    Soil Drainage:
    Good Drainage
    Occasionally Dry
    NC Region:
    Coastal
    Mountains
    Piedmont
    Usda Plant Hardiness Zone:
    3a, 3b, 4a, 4b, 5a, 5b, 6a, 6b, 7a, 7b, 8a, 8b, 9a, 9b
  • Fruit:
    Fruit Type:
    Capsule
  • Flowers:
    Flower Color:
    Gold/Yellow
    Orange
    Pink
    Purple/Lavender
    Red/Burgundy
    White
    Flower Value To Gardener:
    Edible
    Showy
    Flower Bloom Time:
    Spring
    Summer
    Flower Shape:
    Trumpet
    Flower Petals:
    6 petals/rays
    Flower Size:
    3-6 inches
    Flower Description:
    Has many cultivars that come in a variety of colors with bloom times from spring through summer. Each 2 to 6 in. trumpet-shaped bloom lasts only a day. Provides nectar for butterflies and hummingbirds. Terminal, bracteate, racemose, sometimes branched; peduncle elongated. Carotenoid-pigmented, salverform-campanulate; perianth tube narrow, elongated, flaring into broad speading bell-shaped, lobes prominent, spreading, to becoming lax reflexed apically; maculation variable.
  • Leaves:
    Leaf Characteristics:
    Deciduous
    Leaf Color:
    Green
    Leaf Type:
    Simple
    Leaf Arrangement:
    Rosulate
    Leaf Shape:
    Lanceolate
    Linear
    Leaf Margin:
    Entire
    Hairs Present:
    No
    Leaf Length:
    > 6 inches
    Leaf Description:
    6-14 in. long, narrow leaves. 2-ranked, linear, tapered, arching 1/3-2/3 along length; blade lying flat or folded.
  • Stem:
    Stem Color:
    Green
    Stem Is Aromatic:
    No
  • Landscape:
    Landscape Location:
    Recreational Play Area
    Slope/Bank
    Walkways
    Landscape Theme:
    Butterfly Garden
    Children's Garden
    Edible Garden
    Design Feature:
    Border
    Small groups
    Attracts:
    Butterflies
    Hummingbirds
    Resistance To Challenges:
    Salt
    Problems:
    Problem for Cats