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Lilium

Description

Liliums are perennial summer bulbs that overwinter well without having to be removed from the ground for storage.  They prefer a location with full sun for the leaves, shade for the roots, and well-drained soil.  Overly moist soil can cause bulb rot but the soil should not be allowed to dry out completely.  Plant bulbs 8-inches deep in the fall and be rewarded with showy fragrant blooms from June-August.  They can be grown in a container but will be somewhat smaller.  Taller plants may need to be staked.  Dead-head blooms to reduce energy spent on creating seed and cut back stems after bloom and when they begin to turn yellow.

Insects, Diseases, and Other Plant Problems: Aphids can vector lily mosaic virus (no cure once infection occurs); botrytis, bulb rot (from wet, poorly-drained soils).


 

Cultivars:
  • 'Emily'
  • 'Little Girl'
  • 'Star Gazer'
    Bright pink and white with spots
Tags:
#fragrant#showy flowers#full sun#fragrant flowers#summer bulb#container plant#showy#cut flowers
Cultivars:
  • 'Emily'
  • 'Little Girl'
  • 'Star Gazer'
    Bright pink and white with spots
Tags:
#fragrant#showy flowers#full sun#fragrant flowers#summer bulb#container plant#showy#cut flowers
  • Attributes:
    Genus:
    Lilium
    Family:
    Liliaceae
    Life Cycle:
    Bulb
    Bulb Storage:
    Not necessary but moist peat at 35 deg F (2 deg C)
    Dimensions:
    Height: 1 ft. 0 in. - 8 ft. 0 in.
    Width: 0 ft. 8 in. - 2 ft. 0 in.
  • Whole Plant Traits:
    Plant Type:
    Bulb
    Perennial
    Leaf Characteristics:
    Deciduous
    Habit/Form:
    Erect
    Growth Rate:
    Rapid
    Maintenance:
    Low
    Texture:
    Coarse
  • Cultural Conditions:
    Light:
    Full sun (6 or more hours of direct sunlight a day)
    Partial Shade (Direct sunlight only part of the day, 2-6 hours)
    Soil pH:
    Acid (<6.0)
    Soil Drainage:
    Good Drainage
    Available Space To Plant:
    12 inches-3 feet
    Usda Plant Hardiness Zone:
    3a, 3b, 4a, 4b, 5a, 5b, 6a, 6b, 7a, 7b, 8a, 8b
  • Fruit:
    Fruit Color:
    Green
    Fruit Type:
    Capsule
    Fruit Description:
    Three part capsule that splits open
  • Flowers:
    Flower Color:
    Cream/Tan
    Gold/Yellow
    Orange
    Pink
    Purple/Lavender
    Red/Burgundy
    Variegated
    White
    Flower Inflorescence:
    Raceme
    Umbel
    Flower Value To Gardener:
    Fragrant
    Good Cut
    Showy
    Flower Bloom Time:
    Summer
    Flower Petals:
    6 petals/rays
    Flower Size:
    3-6 inches
    Flower Description:
    Born at the tips of stems, often fragrant showy blooms June to August. Often have spots or stripes. Flowers have 6 tepals and some in many forms (trumpet, funnel, cup, bell, bowl or flat). Makes beautiful cut flowers.
  • Leaves:
    Leaf Characteristics:
    Deciduous
    Leaf Color:
    Green
    Leaf Type:
    Simple
    Leaf Arrangement:
    Whorled
    Leaf Shape:
    Elliptical
    Linear
    Leaf Margin:
    Entire
    Hairs Present:
    No
  • Stem:
    Stem Color:
    Green
    Stem Is Aromatic:
    No
  • Landscape:
    Landscape Location:
    Container
    Patio
    Landscape Theme:
    Cottage Garden
    Garden for the Blind
    Design Feature:
    Border