- Common Name(s):
- Common blue violet, Hooded blue violet, Wood violet
- Edible Plants, Perennials
Viola papilionacea, known as the common blue violet, is a stemless herbaceous perennial in the Violaceae family. It appears in woods, thickets, and along streambeds. It has glossy green heart-shaped leaves. The purple flowers have white throats and the three lower petals are somewhat hairy. The erect flower stem droops slightly and the flowers bend toward the ground. Tolerates clay soil and being planted near black walnut trees.
Seasons of Interest:
Bloom: Spring-Summer, April-August
Wildlife Value: Nectar from the flowers attract butterflies and bees. Members of the genus Viola support the following specialized bees: Andrena (Gonandrena) fragilis, Andrena (Gonandrena) integra, and Andrena (Gonandrena) platyparia. This plant is resistant to damage by deer.
Insects, Diseases and Other Problems: No serious insect or disease problems. It self-seeds freely and in lawns and gardens can become a weed.
- .5-.75 ft.
- Flower Color:
- White, blue
- Zones 3-7
- Full sun to partial shade
- Humusy, moisture retentive
- Eastern North America
- Young leaves can be used in salads or cooked as greens. Flowers are often added to salads or desserts.
NCCES plant id: 2849