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Northern White Violet Viola macloskeyi

Previously known as:

  • Viola pallens
Cultivars / Varieties:
Tags:
#acidic soil tolerant#food source summer#herbaceous perennial#wetlands#Coastal FACW#rich soil#stream banks#wet soils tolerant#full shade#flower#host#perennial#small spaces#wildflower garden#white#summer fruits#part sun#part shade#Piedmont Mountains FACW#riparian#forb#shade garden#food source#fragrant flowers#bird friendly#rhizome#full sun#food source hard-mast fruit#perennial flowers#organic soils#shade tolerant#moth larvae#full sun flowers#fragrant#food source spring#herbaceous#piedmont#spring fruits#rhizomes#spreads#wet sites#colonies#creeping#fruit#NC native#flowering#fruits#food source roots#woodland#food source herbage#native wildflower#native#food source hard mast fruit#native perennial#acidic soil#deep shade#butterfly larvae#food source root#small and large mammals#white flowers#butterfly friendly#spreading#spring interest#moths#partial sun#shade flowers#mountains#audubon#larval host plant#native garden#partial shade#wildflower#moist soil#full sunlight#summer interest#perennials#butterflies#spring flowers
  • Attributes:
    Genus:
    Viola
    Species:
    macloskeyi
    Family:
    Violaceae
    Life Cycle:
    Perennial
    Country Or Region Of Origin:
    Subartic to Canada and U.S.A.
    Wildlife Value:
    Birds and small mammals enjoy the fruits as a food source. Butterflies and moths use this plant as a larval host.
    Play Value:
    Fragrance
    Wildlife Food Source
    Wildlife Larval Host
  • Whole Plant Traits:
    Plant Type:
    Herbaceous Perennial
    Native Plant
    Wildflower
    Habit/Form:
    Creeping
    Spreading
  • Cultural Conditions:
    Light:
    Dappled Sunlight (Shade through upper canopy all day)
    Deep shade (Less than 2 hours to no direct sunlight)
    Full sun (6 or more hours of direct sunlight a day)
    Partial Shade (Direct sunlight only part of the day, 2-6 hours)
    Soil Texture:
    High Organic Matter
    Soil pH:
    Acid (<6.0)
    Soil Drainage:
    Moist
    Occasionally Wet
    Available Space To Plant:
    Less than 12 inches
    NC Region:
    Mountains
    Piedmont
  • Fruit:
    Display/Harvest Time:
    Spring
    Summer
    Fruit Description:
    In North Carolina, fruits are available from May to June.
  • Flowers:
    Flower Color:
    White
    Flower Value To Gardener:
    Fragrant
    Flower Bloom Time:
    Spring
    Summer
    Flower Description:
    White with the bottom petal larger and having purple stripes. Flowers have a sweet fragrance. Blooms from May-August. In North Carolina, blooms from April to May.
  • Leaves:
    Leaf Color:
    Green
    Leaf Type:
    Simple
    Leaf Shape:
    Cordate
    Hairs Present:
    No
    Leaf Description:
    Heart-shaped
  • Stem:
    Stem Is Aromatic:
    No
  • Landscape:
    Landscape Location:
    Riparian
    Woodland
    Landscape Theme:
    Native Garden
    Shade Garden
    Attracts:
    Butterflies
    Moths
    Small Mammals
    Songbirds